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Author Bao, Y. H.; Feng, W.; zhu, G.; Zou, C.; Gong, Y.; Ji, C.; Li, J. openurl 
  Title A Randomized and Comparative Study on Vascular Dementia Treated by Needling Remaining at Head Points Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 12-17  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dementia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Scalp Electroacupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 40  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 62  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duan, G.; He, J.; Zeng, Z. openurl 
  Title Comparison of effects of acupuncture on cerebral infarction in different parts Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal World J Acupunct-Moxibustion  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 3-7  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Brain Injuries; Cerebral Infarction; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Stroke  
  Abstract Stable cerebral infarction patients were separated into cerebral surface infarction and deep infarction on the basis of symptoms and CT scans and randomized to acupuncture and control groups (treated with usual care and drugs). There were 31 surface and 61 deep infarctions, and patients were evaluated by a national Chinese Medical Association clinical effects scale. The clinical injury score for all 92 patients dropped 12 points with acupuncture vs 6 points for controls (22-23 baseline) with 11/16 markedly improved with acupunc ture in the surface infarct group and 10/31 with deep infarction, vs 0 of 15 and 0 of 30 controls, respectively. Scalp acupuncture demonstrated definite effectiveness, but less when the infarction is deep near the ventricles and internal capsule. Acupuncture enhances cerebral blood flow and tissue metabolism, but less abundant collateral circulation is available for the region of deep infarcts. CT scans showed the superficial infarct area reduced after I month of daily acupuncture, but the deep infarct reduction was limited.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Cerebral Infarction
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 264  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duncan, B.; Barton, L.; Edmonds, D.; Blashill, B. M. url  openurl
  Title Parental perceptions of the therapeutic effect from osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture in children with spastic cerebral palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Clin Pediatr (Phila)  
  Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 349-353  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Auricular Acupuncture; Cerebral Palsy; Craniosacral Therapy; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Osteopathic Medicine; Pediatrics; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Muscle Spasticity; Usual Care Control, Physical; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Wait-List Control  
  Abstract SUMMARY: Fifty children were involved in a randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of either osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture as a 6-month therapeutic adjunct for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Exit interviews were used to obtain parental perceptions and form the basis of this report. Only 2 of 17 parents reported positive gains while their child was in a wait-list control period but all 17 reported gains while in the treatment phase of the study. Ninety-six percent (48 of 50) of the parents reported some improvement while their child was receiving treatments but the gains varied from child to child. The most frequent gains were seen in improvement in the use of arms or legs (61% and 68%) and more restful sleep (39% and 68%) in the osteopathic and the acupuncture groups, respectively. Improvement in mood and improved bowel function were also very common benefits noted by the parents in both groups. Clin Pediatr. 2004;43:349-353  
  Address University of Arizona, Department of Pediatrics, Tucson, AZ  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 69  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Cerebral Palsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 267  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gang, O. url  openurl
  Title Effects of Various Stimulation Methods on Bone Mineral Densitiy in Patients with Primary Osteoporosis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Internat J Clin Acupunct  
  Volume 18 Issue 2 Pages 124-127  
  Keywords Miscellaneous; Osteoporosis; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Moxibustion; AcuTrials  
  Abstract Objective: To explore a method for increasing bone mineral density in the patient with primary osteoporosis. Methods: Sixty-two cases of primary osteoporosis were randomly divided into the acupuncture group of 32 cases and the moxibustion group of 30 cases. They were treated by acupuncture or moxibustion at Zusanli (ST36), Guanyuan (CV4), Pishu (BL20), Shenshu (BL23), Taixi (KI3) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) respectively. Results: Acupuncture or moxibustion both can increase the bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae (P<0.01, P<0.05), with acupuncture being better than that of moxibustion (P<0.05). Conclusion: The therapeutic effects of acupuncture is superior to that of moxibustion in treatment of primary osteoporosis.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 90  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 62  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Osteoporosis
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 355  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Harris, R. E.; Tian, X.; Williams, D. A.; Tian, T. X.; Cupps, T. R.; Petzke, F.; Groner, K. H.; Biswas, P.; Gracely, R. H.; Clauw, D. J. url  openurl
  Title Treatment of fibromyalgia with formula acupuncture: investigation of needle placement, needle stimulation, and treatment frequency Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 11 Issue 4 Pages 663-671  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Auricular Acupuncture; Fatigue; Fibromyalgia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate whether typical acupuncture methods such as needle placement, needle stimulation, and treatment frequency were important factors in fibromyalgia symptom improvement. Design/settings/subjects: A single-site, single-blind, randomized trial of 114 participants diagnosed with fibromyalgia for at least 1 year was performed. Intervention: Participants were randomized to one of four treatment groups: (1) T/S needles placed in traditional sites with manual needle stimulation (n = 29): (2) T/0 traditional needle location without stimulation (n = 30); (3) N/S needles inserted in nontraditional locations that were not thought to be acupuncture sites, with stimulation (n = 28); and (4) N/0 nontraditional needle location without stimulation (n = 2 7). All groups received treatment once weekly, followed by twice weekly, and finally three times weekly, for a total of 18 treatments. Each increase in frequency was separated by a 2-week washout period. Outcome measures: Pain was assessed by a numerical rating scale, fatigue by the Multi-dimensional Fatigue Inventory, and physical function by the Short Form-36. Results: Overall pain improvement was noted with 25%-35% of subjects having a clinically significant decrease in pain; however this was not dependent upon “correct” needle stimulation (t = 1.03; p = 0.307) or location (t = 0.76; p = 0.450). An overall dose effect of treatment was observed, with three sessions weekly providing more analgesia than sessions once weekly (t = 2.10; p = 0.039). Among treatment responders, improvements in pain, fatigue, and physical function were highly codependent (all p </= 0.002). Conclusions: Although needle insertion led to analgesia and improvement in other somatic symptoms, correct needle location and stimulation were not crucial  
  Address Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 18  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 114  
  Time in Treatment 13 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score 79  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 435  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ilbuldu, E.; Cakmak, A.; Disci, R.; Aydin, R. url  openurl
  Title Comparison of laser, dry needling, and placebo laser treatments in myofascial pain syndrome Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Photomed Laser Surg  
  Volume 22 Issue 4 Pages 306-311  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dry Needling; Exercise; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Laser Acupuncture; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Neck Pain; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pain; Sham Laser; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style; Women's Health  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of laser therapy in myofascial pain syndrome treatment. BACKGROUND DATA: Myofascial pain syndrome is a disease that is characterized by hypersensitive points called trigger points found in one or more muscles and/or connective tissues. It can cause pain, muscle spasm, sensitivity, stiffness, weakness, limitation of range of motion and rarely autonomic dysfunction. Physical therapy modalities and exercise are used in the treatment of this frequently encountered disease. METHODS: The placebo controlled, prospective, long-term follow up study was planned with 60 patients who had trigger points in their upper trapezius muscles. The patients were divided into three groups randomly. Stretching exercises were taught to each group and they were asked to exercise at home. Treatment duration was 4 weeks. Placebo laser was applied to group 1, dry needling to group 2 and laser to group 3. He-Ne laser was applied to three trigger points in the upper trapezius muscles on both sides with 632.8 nm. The patients were assessed at before, post-treatment, and 6 months after-treatment for pain, cervical range of motion and functional status. RESULTS: We observed a significant decrease in pain at rest, at activity, and increase in pain threshold in the laser group compared to other groups. Improvement according to Nottingham Health Profile gave the superiority of the laser treatment. However, those differences among the groups were not observed at 6-month follow up. CONCLUSIONS: Laser therapy could be useful as a treatment modality in myofascial pain syndrome because of its noninvasiveness, ease, and short-term application  
  Address Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34390 Sehremini, Istanbul, Turkey  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 497  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kalauokalani, D.; Cherkin, D. C.; Sherman, K. J.; Koepsell, T. D.; Deyo, R. A. url  openurl
  Title Lessons from a trial of acupuncture and massage for low back pain: patient expectations and treatment effects Type of Study RCT
  Year 2001 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Spine  
  Volume 26 Issue 13 Pages 1418-1424  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cupping; Electroacupuncture; Exercise; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Low Back Pain; Massage; Moxibustion; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Self Care; TCM Acupuncture Style; Heat Lamp; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Back Pain  
  Abstract STUDY DESIGN: A subanalysis of data derived from a randomized clinical trial was performed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of a patient's expectation for benefit from a specific treatment with improved functional outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Psychosocial factors, ambiguous diagnoses, and lack of a clearly superior treatment have complicated the management of patients with chronic low back pain. The authors hypothesized that patient expectation for benefit from a specific treatment is associated with improved functional outcomes when that treatment is administered. METHODS: In a randomized trial, 135 patients with chronic low back pain who received acupuncture or massage were studied. Before randomization, study participants were asked to describe their expectations regarding the helpfulness of each treatment on a scale of 0 to 10. The primary outcome was level of function at 10 weeks as measured by the modified Roland Disability scale. RESULTS: After adjustment for baseline characteristics, improved function was observed for 86% of the participants with higher expectations for the treatment they received, as compared with 68% of those with lower expectations (P = 0.01). Furthermore, patients who expected greater benefit from massage than from acupuncture were more likely to experience better outcomes with massage than with acupuncture, and vice versa (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that patient expectations may influence clinical outcome independently of the treatment itself. In contrast, general optimism about treatment, divorced from a specific treatment, is not strongly associated with outcome. These results may have important implications for clinical trial design and recruitment, and may help to explain the apparent success of some conventional and alternative therapies in trials that do not control for patient expectations. The findings also may be important for therapy choices made in the clinical setting  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 10 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 262  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 547  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kunz, S.; Schulz, M.; Lewitzky, M.; Driessen, M.; Rau, H. url  openurl
  Title Ear acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal in comparison with aromatherapy: a randomized-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Cl  
  Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 436-442  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Aromatherapy; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Psychotherapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse;  
  Abstract Background: There is increasing clinical acceptance of acupuncture as a treatment of substance-related disorders. Little is known about acupuncture as a treatment for the withdrawal syndrome in inpatient settings. We compared auricular needle acupuncture with aromatherapy in reducing the duration and severity of symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Methods: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to needle acupuncture (n=55) and aromatherapy (n=54). Both therapies were applied daily during the first 5 consecutive treatment days. The rating scale for the assessment of the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome (AWS scale) served as the main dependent variable and was applied daily during the first 5 days of the withdrawal. Further measures included a subjective visual analog scale of craving and the Self Assessment Manikin (SAM). Results: Thirty-six of the 55 patients who received acupuncture, and 38 of the 54 patients who received aromatherapy, finished the study regularly. The groups differed in their initial self-reported arousal, which then served as a covariate in the further analyses. Neither the extent of craving nor of withdrawal symptoms differed between groups over the observation period. Self-rated arousal decreased in response to both treatments from days 1 to 2 (p<0.001) and within single days (p<0.001), and we found a significant interaction between pretreatment versus posttreatment and days (p<0.001). Interactions including between-subjects effects and intervention did not achieve the significance level. Conclusion: The results do not support the assumption of a superiority of acupuncture over the control therapy in its specific effects on alcohol withdrawal symptoms  
  Address Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Bethel, Ev. Hospital Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 109  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 605  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kvist, L. J.; Louise Hall-Lord, M.; Rydhstroem, H.; Wilde, Larsson B. url  openurl
  Title A randomised-controlled trial in Sweden of acupuncture and care interventions for the relief of inflammatory symptoms of the breast during lactation Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Midwifery  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Pregnancy Complications  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: to further compare acupuncture treatment and care interventions for the relief of inflammatory symptoms of the breast during lactation and to investigate the relationship between bacteria in the breast milk and clinical signs and symptoms. DESIGN: randomised, non-blinded, controlled trial of acupuncture and care interventions. SETTING: a midwife-led breast feeding clinic in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 205 mothers with 210 cases of inflammatory symptoms of the breast during lactation agreed to participate. The mothers were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, two of which included acupuncture among the care interventions and one without acupuncture. All groups were given essential care. Protocols, which included scales for erythema, breast tension and pain, were maintained for each day of contact with the breast feeding clinic. A Severity Index (SI) for each mother and each day was created by adding together the scores on the erythema, breast tension and pain scales. The range of the SI was 0 (least severe) to 19 (most severe). FINDINGS: no significant difference was found in numbers of mothers in the treatment groups, with the lowest possible score for severity of symptoms on contact days 3, 4 or 5. No statistically significant differences were found between the treatment groups for number of contact days needed until the mother felt well enough to discontinue contact with the breast feeding clinic or for number of mothers prescribed antibiotics. Significant differences were found in the mean SI scores on contact days 3 and 4 between the non-acupuncture group and the two acupuncture groups. Mothers with less favourable outcomes (6 contact days, n=61) were, at first contact with the midwife, more often given advice on correction of the baby's attachment to the breast. An obstetrician was called to examine 20% of the mothers, and antibiotic treatment was prescribed for 15% of the study population. The presence of Group B streptococci in the breast milk was related to less favourable outcomes. KEY CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: if acupuncture treatment is acceptable to the mother, this, together with care interventions such as correction of breast feeding position and babies' attachment to the breast, might be a more expedient and less invasive choice of treatment than the use of oxytocin nasal spray. Midwives, nurses or medical practitioners with specialist competence in breast feeding should be the primary care providers for mothers with inflammatory symptoms of the breast during lactation. The use of antibiotics for inflammatory symptoms of the breast should be closely monitored in order to help the global community reduce resistance development among bacterial pathogens  
  Address Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Floor 2, Helsingborg Hospital, Helsingborg, SE-251 87 Sweden; Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 5 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 205  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Mastitis
  Disease Category Pregnancy Complications OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 607  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Kvist, L. J.; Wilde, Larsson B.; Hall-Lord, M. L.; Rydhstroem, H. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupuncture and care interventions on the outcome of inflammatory symptoms of the breast in lactating women Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Int Nurs Rev  
  Volume 51 Issue 1 Pages 56-64  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Lactation Disorders; Mastitis; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Pregnancy Complications;  
  Abstract Objective: To compare modes of care and treatment for lactating women with inflammatory symptoms of the breast, with special focus on the use of acupuncture. Method: Eighty-eight mothers were randomized into three treatment groups. All three groups were given advice regarding emptying of the breasts and care in the form of comfort interventions. Acupuncture was included in the treatment regime for two of the groups. A severity index was created by adding together scores for signs and symptoms: breast tension, erythema and pain. Findings: Mothers in all groups expressed relative satisfaction with the breastfeeding situation despite considerable discomfort. There was no significant difference between the groups for the number of mothers requiring more than three contact days for recovery nor for their severity index scores on day 3. These findings must be interpreted with care but may suggest that care interventions play as great a part in the recovery of these women as acupuncture treatment or the use of oxytocin spray. Antibiotic therapy was used in 9% of the study population, which is in contrast to other studies. Proposed future action: Based on these results, a new study has been designed to test the hypothesis that acupuncture hastens recovery from inflammatory processes in the lactating breast and approximately 200 mothers will be randomized in a new expanded study  
  Address 1 Care Development Midwife and Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hospital of Helsingborg, Sweden Associate Professor, and Senior Lecturer, Institution for Health and Care, University of Karlstad, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 3 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 88  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Mastitis
  Disease Category Pregnancy Complications OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 608  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lai, X. s.; Huang, Y. openurl 
  Title A Comparative Study on Acupoints of Specialty of Baihui, Shuigou and Shenmen in Treatment Vascular Dementia Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Chin J Integr Med  
  Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 161-166  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Dementia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Psychological Disorders; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular; Mental Disorders  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 50  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 616  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lamontagne, Y.; Annable, L.; Gagnon, M. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for smokers: lack of long-term therapeutic effect in a controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1980 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal CMAJ  
  Volume 122 Issue Pages 787-790  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Substance-Related Disorders; Tobacco Use Disorder; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Usual Care Control, Educational; Smoking Cessation; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 75  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 621  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lathia, A. T.; Jung, S. M.; Chen, L. x. url  openurl
  Title Efficacy of Acupuncture as a Treatment for Chronic Shoulder Pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Osteoarthritis; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Rotator Cuff Tendonitis; Sham Control; Shoulder Pain; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical  
  Abstract Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for chronic shoulder pain and to compare the efficacy of individualized acupuncture to fixed, standard point acupuncture treatment. Design: The study was a single-blind randomized, controlled trial. Settings/Location: The study was conducted in an outpatient rheumatology clinic at the VA Medical Center of Philadelphia. Subjects: The participants were adults with shoulder pain for at least 8 weeks with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis or rotator cuff tendonitis and a total Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) score of >/=30. Interventions: Thirty-one (31) subjects were randomized to one of three treatment groups: individualized acupuncture points according to the approaches of Traditional Chinese Medicine; fixed, standard acupuncture points conventionally used for shoulder pain; and sham nonpenetrating acupuncture. Subjects received 12 treatments over 6 weeks and were reassessed using the SPADI at the end of the 6 weeks. Outcome measures: The primary outcome evaluated was the mean change in total SPADI score in each group from baseline to 6 weeks. Results: After 6 weeks of treatment, the mean total SPADI score improved in all three groups, but the change was clinically significant (>/=10 points) only in groups 1 and 2 (-20.3 and -20.4, respectively, versus -6.5 in group 3). The treatment effects of groups 1 and 2 compared to the sham acupuncture group were -13.8 (95% confidence interval: -2.2 to -25.4, p < 0.015) and -13.9 (-2.0 to -25.8, p < 0.013), respectively. There was no difference between the individualized acupuncture and standardized acupuncture treatments. Conclusions: Acupuncture may be an effective treatment for chronic shoulder pain. There may be no difference in efficacy between individualized and standardized acupuncture treatment. This suggests that the use of standard points may make treatment easier for patient care and for further research studies  
  Address 1 Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 31  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Shoulder Pain
  Disease Category Shoulder Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 631  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lehmann, T. R.; Russell, D. W.; Spratt, K. F. url  openurl
  Title The impact of patients with nonorganic physical findings on a controlled trial of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and electroacupuncture Type of Study RCT
  Year 1983 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Spine  
  Volume 8 Issue 6 Pages 625-634  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Electroacupuncture; Low Back Pain; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pain; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Back Pain; TENS; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only;  
  Abstract Fifty-four patients treated in a three-week in-patient rehabilitation program were randomly assigned to and accepted treatment with electroacupuncture (n = 17), TENS (low-intensity transcutaneous nerve stimulation, n = 18) and TENS-dead battery (placebo, n = 18). Outcome measures included estimates of pain (on a visual analogue scale) and disability by both physician and patient as well as physical measures of spine function. Two groups were constructed based on the absence of nonorganic physical findings (Valid group, n = 30) and the presence of two or more nonorganic physical findings out of a possible four (Invalid group, n = 10). Multivariate and univariate analyses of covariance were utilized to determine effects of treatment (acupuncture, TENS, placebo) and the effects of over-reporting (presence of excessive nonorganic physical findings). Statistically significant findings demonstrated that the acupuncture group enjoyed more relief of peak pain and more relief of pain on an average day at the three-month return assessment. Additionally, the acupuncture group demonstrated greater improvement in extension trunk strength at the discharge assessment. The Invalid group were found to have a contaminating effect on the acupuncture results. Analysis also demonstrated associations between nonorganic physical findings and both personality traits (“Conversion V” profile on MMPI) and retention of an attorney. Researchers conducting clinical trials in chronic low-back pain patients should control for contamination by the presence of over-reporters  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 21 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 54  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 668  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lehmann, T. R.; Russell, D. W.; Spratt, K. F.; Colby, H.; Liu, Y. K.; Fairchild, M. L.; Christensen, S. url  openurl
  Title Efficacy of electroacupuncture and TENS in the rehabilitation of Chronic Low Back Pain patients Type of Study RCT
  Year 1986 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 26 Issue 3 Pages 277-290  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Electroacupuncture; Low Back Pain; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Pain; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Verum Acupoint Control; Back Pain; TENS; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only;  
  Abstract Fifty-four patients treated in a 3-week inpatient rehabilitation program were randomly assigned to and accepted treatment with electroacupuncture (n = 17), TENS (low intensity transcutaneous nerve stimulation, n = 18), and TENS dead-battery (placebo, n = 18). Outcome measures included estimates of pain (on a Visual Analogue Scale) and disability by both physician and patient, physical measures of trunk strength and spine range of motion, as well as the patient's perceptions of the relative contribution of the education, exercise training, and the electrical stimulation. Analyses of variance were utilized to determine effects of treatment (electroacupuncture, TENS, placebo) across time (admission, discharge, and return) for the outcome measures. There were no significant differences between treatment groups with respect to their overall rehabilitation. All 3 treatment groups ranked the contribution of the education as being greater than the electrical stimulation. However, the electroacupuncture group consistently demonstrated greater improvement on the outcome measures than the other treatment groups. For the visual analogue scale measure of average pain, there was a statistical trend at the return visit suggesting that the acupuncture group was experiencing less pain  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 54  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 669  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Li, H.; Wang, J.; Lu, G.; Zhang, Q. openurl 
  Title Effect of an Herbal Compound Combined with Acupuncture and Qigong on Angina Pectoris Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Am J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 8-13  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Angina Pectoris; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Herbal Formula; Qigong; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Cardiovascular Diseases  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 28  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Angina Pectoris
  Disease Category Cardiovascular Diseases OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 680  
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Author Li, L. F.; Lu, J. H. openurl 
  Title Clinical Observation on Acupuncture Treatment of Intractable Insomnia Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal J Trad Chin Med  
  Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 21-22  
  Keywords Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder; Sleep Disorders; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Moxibustion; Auricular Acupressure; Ear Seeds; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; AcuTrials;  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 685  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Li, Q. S.; Cao, S. H.; Xie, G. M.; Gan, Y. H.; Ma, H. J.; Lu, J. Z.; Zhang, Z. H. url  openurl
  Title Combined traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Relieving effects of Chinese herbs, ear-acupuncture and epidural morphing on postoperative pain in liver cancer Type of Study RCT
  Year 1994 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Chin Med J (Engl)  
  Volume 107 Issue 4 Pages 289-294  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Cancer; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Herbal Formula; Liver Cancer; Pain, Postoperative; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Liver Neoplasms; Neoplasms  
  Abstract In the evaluation of Chinese herbs (A), ear-acupuncture (B) and epidural morphine (C) to relieve postoperative pain and abdominal distension, sixteen male patients with primary liver cancer were observed. This study was conducted by means of orthogonal experiment and double blind, randomized design. The patients received various treatments according to the display of the orthogonal table L16(2)15 which corresponds to 2(3) factorial experiment design. C+ (morphine 2 mg) was given before the peritoneum was sutured. A+ (orally administered) and B+ were given 24 hours after operation. 50-100 mg of pethidine was given when the pain intensity VAS (0-100) exceeded 50-70. The observation parameters included plasma leucine enkephalin (LEK), postoperative total dosage of narcotics administered for 5 days, VAS for pain and pain reliever, abdominal distension, urinary retention, constipation, etc. The results were as follows: a. Patients who had received A (A+B+C+, A+B+C-, A+B-C-, A+B-C+); C (C+A+B+, C+A+B-, C+A-B+, C+A-B-), or B (B+A+C+, B+A+C-, B+A-C+, B+A-C-) produced better analgesic effects than those who had received placebo. The A, B, and C reduced narcotics 650, 450 and 550 mg respectively when compared with placebo. The effects of A and C were of statistical significance (P < 0.05), while AB, BC, and AC interactions were not found; b. A and B minimized abdominal distension and urinary retention, while C prolonged them. As compared with the placebo, A and B accelerated restoration of bowel peristalsis (P < 0.05, ANOVA). Both A and B decreased it for 165 hours, while epidural morphine prolonged it for 49 hours; and c.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)  
  Address Research Center on Pain, Zhong Shan Hospital, Shanghai Medical University  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 16  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Liver Neoplasms
  Disease Category Neoplasms OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 687  
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Author Li, Y.; Liang, F. R.; Yu, S. G.; Li, C. d.; Hu, L. X.; Zhou, D.; Yuan, X. L.; Li, Y.; Xia, X. H. url  openurl
  Title Efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in treating Bell's palsy: a multicenter randomized controlled trial in China Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Chin Med J (Engl)  
  Volume 117 Issue 10 Pages 1502-1506  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Bell Palsy; Facial Paralysis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Moxibustion; Paralysis; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tuina; Cranial Nerve Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy involves acute facial paralysis due to inflammation of the facial nerve. Acupuncture and moxibustion (acu-moxi) is beneficial in treating facial palsy. In order to verify the efficacy of acu-moxi on Bell's palsy, a randomized single-blind, multicenter clinical trial was performed. METHODS: A total of 480 patients from four clinical centers were involved in this trial, of whom 439 completed the trial and 41 did not. All patients were randomly assigned to either the control group or to one of two treatment groups. The control group was treated with prednisone, vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and dibazole; the treatment groups were treated either with acu-moxi alone or in combination with prednisone, Vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and dibazole. Symptoms and signs, the House-Brackmann scale, and facial disability index (FDI) scores were assessed and determined both pre- and post-treatment to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment methods. RESULTS: The characteristics of the control and two treatment groups were comparable without statistically significant differences before treatment. There were significant differences between the control and treatment groups after treatment (chi(2) = 15.265, P = 0.018). According to evaluations based on the House-Brackmann scale and FDI scores, the effectiveness of treatment in the two treatment groups was better than in the control group and was most effective in patients receiving acu-moxi treatment alone (Z = -2.827, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: The efficacy of acu-moxi treatment for Bell's palsy is verified scientifically  
  Address Acupuncture and Tuina College, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu 610075, China. jialee@mail.sc.cninfo.net  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 480  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Bell Palsy
  Disease Category Cranial Nerve Diseases OCSI Score 70  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 693  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lin, J. G.; Lo, M. W.; Wen, Y. R.; Hsieh, C. L.; Tsai, S. K.; Sun, W. Z. url  openurl
  Title The effect of high and low frequency electroacupuncture in pain after lower abdominal surgery Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication (up) Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 99 Issue 3 Pages 509-514  
  Keywords Abdominal Surgery; CAM Control; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Acu; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Pain; Pain, Postoperative; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Sham Electroacupuncture; Standard Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Anesthesia and Analgesia  
  Abstract In the present study, we examined the effects of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA) at classical bilateral acupuncture points (Zusanli, also known as ST-36) on postoperative pain and opioid-related side effects. One hundred healthy consenting women undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to four treatment regimens: Group I (n=25), control; Group II (n=25), sham-EA (needle insertion without electrical stimulation); Group III (n=25), low-EA (2Hz of electrical stimulation); and Group IV (n=25), high-EA (100Hz of electrical stimulation). EA groups received needle insertion with or without electrical stimulation 20min prior to anesthesia. All patients received patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) of morphine postoperation. Postoperative pain was evaluated by recording (1) the time of the first required analgesic, (2) the number of PCA demands, (3) the total amount of morphine required by PCA, and (4) patients' VAS pain score. We found that the time of first analgesic requested was 10, 18, 28, and 28min in the control, sham-, low-, and high-EA groups, respectively. During the first 24h, the total amount of morphine required was decreased by 21, 43 and 61% in the sham-, low- and high-EA groups, respectively. The incidence of nausea and dizziness during the first 24h after surgery was significantly reduced in both the low-EA and high-EA groups compared with the control and sham-EA groups. We also found that sham-EA exerts a beneficial effect with respect to its pain relieving quality but not the side effect profiles. Our findings demonstrates that preoperative treatment with low-EA and high-EA can reduce postoperative analgesic requirements and associated side effects in patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Pain, Postoperative
  Disease Category Anesthesia and Analgesia OCSI Score 68  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 715  
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