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Author Hubscher, M.; Vogt, L.; Ziebart, T.; Banzer, W. url  openurl
  Title Immediate effects of acupuncture on strength performance: a randomized, controlled crossover trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication European journal of applied physiology Abbreviated Journal Eur J Appl Physiol  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Healthy Subjects; Athletic Performance; Sports Medicine; Acupuncture; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus > 1 Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Laser; CAM Control; RCT; AcuTrials;  
  Abstract The present study investigated the immediate efficacy of acupuncture compared to sham acupuncture and placebo laser acupuncture on strength performance. A total of 33 recreational athletes (25.2 +/- 2.8 years; 13 women) were randomized to receive acupuncture, sham acupuncture (needling at non-acupuncture points) and placebo laser acupuncture (deactivated laser device) in a double-blind crossover fashion with 1 week between trials. Assessment included bipedal drop jumps for maximum rebound height and quadriceps maximum isometric voluntary force (MIVF). Furthermore, surface electromyography (EMG) was used to measure the EMG activity of the rectus femoris muscle during a 30-s sustained MIVF of the knee extensors. Mean power frequency (MPF) analysis was applied to characterize muscular endurance. Measurements were performed at baseline and immediately after treatment by a blinded investigator. Repeated measures ANOVA and post hoc paired-sample t test with Bonferroni-Holm correction were used for statistical analysis. The difference in the mean change in MIVF from baseline between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham laser acupuncture (19.6 N) was statistically significant (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham acupuncture (28.8 N). ANOVA did not show statistically significant treatment effects for drop jump height or MPF. The present study shows that a single acupuncture treatment was efficacious for improving isometric quadriceps strength in recreational athletes. These results might have implications not only for athletic performance enhancement, but also for rehabilitation programs aimed at restoring neuromuscular function.  
  Address Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Ginnheimer Landstrasse 39, 60487, Frankfurt, Germany, m.huebscher@sport.uni-frankfurt.de.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 33  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up)
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 488  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Pavao, T.S.; Vianna, P.; Pillat, M.M.; Machado, A.B.; Bauer, M.E. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture is effective to attenuate stress and stimulate lymphocyte proliferation in the elderly Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Neurosci Lett Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 484 Issue 1 Pages 47-50  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Nrct; Stress, Psychological; Immunity, Cellular; Nrct; Geriatrics; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control  
  Abstract Acupuncture has increasingly been used to treat many conditions, including psychiatric disorders and immunological-related disorders. However, the effects of acupuncture as stress management and immune functions in the elderly are largely unclear. Here we investigated the effects of acupuncture on stress-related psychological symptoms and cellular immunity in young adults and elderly subjects. The acupuncture treatment consisted of six sessions and the procedures included the insertion of needles at bilateral acupoints LI4, SP6 and ST36. Psychological variables (depression, anxiety and stress) were investigated by means of self-assessment inventories. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and cultured in vitro to measure mitogen-induced T-cell proliferation as well as cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone. All data were assessed before and after the intervention. Acupuncture was able to significantly reduce depression (p<0.001), anxiety (p<0.001) and stress (p<0.001) scores. The intervention also increased T-cell proliferation, with greater intensity in the elderly group (p=0.004). No changes in cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone were observed following acupuncture. We conclude that acupuncture was efficient to attenuate the psychological distress as well as to increase an important feature of cellular immunosenescence.  
  Address Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition (up)
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Stress, Psychological; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=20709154 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1642  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lu, M.; Zhu, Z. doi  openurl
  Title Clinical Study on Acupuncture Treating Thalamic Pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Tuina Sci  
  Volume 9 Issue 2 Pages 88-91  
  Keywords Nervous System Diseases; Thalamic Disease; Stroke; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Dejerine Roussy Syndrome  
  Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture in managing thalamic pain syndrome. Methods: Eighty patients with thalamic pain syndrome were randomly allocated into two groups, with 40 cases in the treatment group receiving combined scalp and body acupuncture treatment and 40 cases in the control group receiving single body acupuncture treatment. The intervention was given for 28 d in total, and the effects were evaluated after 14-day and 28-day treatments. Results: The inner-group comparison of McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) showed significant differences after the treatment d 14 in both of the two groups (P<0.05), and after the treatment d 28, the differences were even more significant (P<0.01). After 28-day treatment, compared with pre-treatment, the Transcranial Doppler (TCD) test detected significant changes in the two groups (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 72.5% in the treatment group versus 47.5% in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The 3-month follow-up study found the relapse rate was 0 in the treatment group and 15.8% in the control group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture is effective in treating thalamic pain syndrome and combined scalp and body acupuncture can achieve even better results.  
  Address Acupuncture Department of First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, P.R. China.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 28  
  Treatment Follow-up 16 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 80  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition (up)
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 2/12/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; (1) Acupuncture Department of First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, P.R. China (2) Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193 P.R. China Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1753  
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Author Wan, H.; Du, D.Q.; Ma, Z. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture at Cervical Jiaji (EX B2) Combined with Motion Moxibustion in Treating 58 Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 9-10  
  Keywords Nervous System Diseases; Radiculopathy; Cervical; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Symptom Based Point Selection; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Moxibustion; Moxa; Motion Moxibustion; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Jiaji Points  
  Abstract Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy (CSR) is a kind of syndrome caused by cervical degeneration or nerve root oppression which leads to pain, numbness, loss of sensation and reflex changes in the dominant area. From January 2011 to October 2012, we treated 58 patients with CS R with acupuncture at cervical Jiaji (EX B2) point combined with motion moxibustion and came up with good effect, the report is as follows.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition (up)
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/5/2015; Date Modified: 6/9/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Radiculopathy; Jinan Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong, China. e-mail: captainmollo@gmail.com Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1773  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lu, C.; Wang, J.; Liu, G. openurl 
  Title Clinical Research on Improving VAS Value of Patients with Thalamic Pain with Mind-Regulating and Pain-Relieving Acupuncture Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Int J Clin Acupunct Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 22 Issue 4 Pages 154-155  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Pain; Rct; Thalamic Pain; Nervous System Diseases; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract Objective: To explore effective methods in treating thalamic pain, and observe the efficacy of mind-regulating and pain-relieving acupuncture in the visual analogue scale (VAS). Methods: 65 patients with thalamic pain were randomly divided into the mind-regulating and pain-relieving acupuncture group (treatment group, n = 34), and the body acupuncture group (control group, n = 31). Both groups were eval-uated by VAS before and after treatment. Results: Efficacy in the treatment group was significantly better than the control group (P< 0.05), VAS score of the treatment group was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.01). Conclusion: mind-regulating and pain-relieving acupuncture can ease central nervous system pain, and relieve symptoms of thalamic cerebrovascular pain. Mind-regulating and pain-relieving acupunc-ture was more effective in treating thalamic pain than body acupuncture treatment.  
  Address Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Liuzhou, Guangxi, China. e-mail: zhangjiajiagz@l63.net  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 65  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition (up)
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 1/15/2015; Date Modified: 6/9/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Pain; Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Liuzhou, Guangxi, China. e-mail: zhangjiajiagz@l63.net Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1780  
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Author Kim, K. S.; Kim, Y. B. url  openurl
  Title Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Keigai-rengyo-to Extract and Acupuncture in Male Patients with Acne Vulgaris: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 5 Pages 501-508  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Acne Vulgaris; Skin Diseases; Acupuncture; Herbal Formula; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Wait-List Control  
  Abstract Abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and interaction of Keigai-rengyo-to extract (KRTE) and acupuncture in male patients with acne and the feasibility of a large clinical trial. Design: A randomized, assessor single-blinded, 2x2 factorial trial was conducted. The trial is registered with the Clinical Research Information Service, Republic of Korea: KCT0000071. Subjects: Forty-four (44) participants with acne vulgaris were randomized into one of four groups: waiting list group (WL), KRTE only group (KO), acupuncture only group (AO), and KRTE and acupuncture combined treatment group (KA). Intervention: After randomization, patients in the AO and KA groups underwent eight sessions of acupuncture treatment, twice per week. Patients in the KO and KA groups were prescribed KRTE 3 times daily, 7.4 g each dose, after meals, for 4 weeks. Outcome measures: The following outcome measurements were used in examination of subjects: mean percentage change and the count change of inflammatory and noninflammatory acne lesions, Skindex 29, investigator global assessment from baseline to end of trial, and proportion of dropouts and compliance with KRTE. Results: A significant interaction of KRTE and acupuncture was evident according to mean percent change of inflammatory acne lesions, but not of noninflammatory acne lesions from baseline to the end of the study. Statistically significant differences were observed in the primary effect on mean percent change of noninflammatory acne lesions, not by acupuncture, but by KRTE. Adjusted Skindex 29 score changes indicated no statistically significant reduction within groups and between groups. The improvement rate in patients with KRTE and acupuncture treatment was not significant, compared to patients with no KRTE and acupuncture treatment. The proportion of dropouts was 22.7% and rate of compliance with KRTE was 92.3%. Conclusions: For treatment of acne vulgaris, use of KRTE combined with acupuncture is recommended for inflammatory lesions and KRTE only is recommended for noninflammatory lesions. Further large-scale trials assuming a higher dropout rate and aimed at confirming the ability of KRTE and acupuncture to improve inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions in patients with acne are needed.  
  Address Department of Ophthalmology &amp; Otolaryngology &amp; Dermatology, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University , Seoul, Republic of Korea.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 44  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition (up) Acne Vulgaris
  Disease Category Skin Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 575  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Son, B. K.; Yun, Y.; Choi, I. H. url  openurl
  Title Efficacy of ah shi point acupuncture on acne vulgaris Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 28 Issue 3 Pages 126-129  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Skin Diseases; Acne Vulgaris; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; TCM Acupuncture Style; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Ah shi point acupuncture involves inserting needles at painful or pathological sites. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of ah shi point and general acupuncture point treatment of acne vulgaris. METHODS: 36 subjects were recruited and randomised in a double-blind (patient-blind and observer-blind) controlled trial to receive acupuncture either at general acupuncture points only, or at both general acupuncture points and ah shi points 12 times over 6 weeks. The subjects were evaluated using the following outcome measurements: an inflammatory lesion count, a quality-of-life scale (Skindex-29) and a subjective symptom score. RESULTS: After 12 treatment sessions, there was a significant reduction in the inflammatory acne lesion counts, the Skindex-29 scores and the subjective symptom scores from baseline in both groups, but no significant difference between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture treatment of moderate acne vulgaris was associated with reduction of inflammatory lesions and improvement of the quality of life.  
  Address Department of Oriental Dermatology, Kyung Hee University, East-West Neo Medical Center, 149 Sangil-dong, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 134-090, Korea; inhwajun@khnmc.or.kr.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 36  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition (up) Acne Vulgaris
  Disease Category Skin Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1090  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sun, L. openurl 
  Title He-Ne Laser Auricular Irradiation Plus Body Acupuncture for Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in 36 Cases Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 26 Issue 3 Pages 193-194  
  Keywords Acne Vulgaris; CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupressure; Laser Acupuncture; Plum-Blossom; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Skin Diseases; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 68  
  Time in Treatment 1.5 Weeks Condition (up) Acne Vulgaris
  Disease Category Skin Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1123  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Soliman, N. openurl 
  Title Comparative Study Treating Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Patients Using the New Multiphase Hand Acupuncture Microsystem and Koryo Hand Therapy System Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Medical acupuncture Abbreviated Journal Med Acupunct  
  Volume 19 Issue 2 Pages 109-111  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; ADHD; Attention Deficit Disorder; Behavior Disorders; Korean Hand Acupuncture Style; Koryo Hand Therapy; Other Acupuncture Style; Pediatrics; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 20 Weeks Condition (up) ADHD
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1088  
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Author Kunz, S.; Schulz, M.; Lewitzky, M.; Driessen, M.; Rau, H. url  openurl
  Title Ear acupuncture for alcohol withdrawal in comparison with aromatherapy: a randomized-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal Alcohol Cl  
  Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 436-442  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Aromatherapy; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Psychotherapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse;  
  Abstract Background: There is increasing clinical acceptance of acupuncture as a treatment of substance-related disorders. Little is known about acupuncture as a treatment for the withdrawal syndrome in inpatient settings. We compared auricular needle acupuncture with aromatherapy in reducing the duration and severity of symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Methods: Inpatients undergoing alcohol withdrawal were randomly allocated to needle acupuncture (n=55) and aromatherapy (n=54). Both therapies were applied daily during the first 5 consecutive treatment days. The rating scale for the assessment of the alcohol-withdrawal syndrome (AWS scale) served as the main dependent variable and was applied daily during the first 5 days of the withdrawal. Further measures included a subjective visual analog scale of craving and the Self Assessment Manikin (SAM). Results: Thirty-six of the 55 patients who received acupuncture, and 38 of the 54 patients who received aromatherapy, finished the study regularly. The groups differed in their initial self-reported arousal, which then served as a covariate in the further analyses. Neither the extent of craving nor of withdrawal symptoms differed between groups over the observation period. Self-rated arousal decreased in response to both treatments from days 1 to 2 (p<0.001) and within single days (p<0.001), and we found a significant interaction between pretreatment versus posttreatment and days (p<0.001). Interactions including between-subjects effects and intervention did not achieve the significance level. Conclusion: The results do not support the assumption of a superiority of acupuncture over the control therapy in its specific effects on alcohol withdrawal symptoms  
  Address Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Bethel, Ev. Hospital Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 109  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition (up) Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 605  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jin, Z.; Yang, F.; Wang, Y. openurl 
  Title Therapeutic Effect Observation on Electroacupuncture plus Acupoint Injection for Alopecia Areata Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 9 Issue 3 Pages 165-167  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Electroacupuncture; Acupoint Injection; Acupuncture; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture Point Injection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Plum Blossom; Seven Star Needles; Herb, Single; Ginger; Alopecia; Alopecia Areata; Hair Loss; Skin Diseases  
  Abstract Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of combined electroacupuncture and acupoint injection of Mecobalamin for alopecia areata. Methods: Seventy cases of alopecia areata were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 35 in each group. Cases in the treatment group were treated with combined electroacupuncture and acupoint injection of Mecobalamin, while cases in the control group with seven-star needle tapping and rubbing using fresh ginger piece. Results: The total effective rates of the treatment group and control group were 94.3% and 77.1% respectively, with a significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: Combined electroacupuncture and acupoint injection of Mecobalamin is effective for alopecia areata.  
  Address 1) No.2 Hospital Affiliated to Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150001, P. R. China. 2) Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, P. R. China.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/Week Number of Participants 70  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition (up) Alopecia
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Date Modified: 10/13/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Alopecia; 1) No.2 Hospital Affiliated to Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150001, P. R. China. 2) Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, P. R. China. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1863  
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Author Mackenzie, I.; Xu, J.; Cusick, C.; Midwinter-Morten, H.; Meacher, H.; Mollison, J.; Brock, M. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for pain relief during induced labour in nulliparae: a randomised controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Abbreviated Journal BJOG  
  Volume 118 Issue 4 Pages 440-  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Labor, Obstetric; Analgesia; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; No Treatment Control; Women's Health  
  Abstract Objective To assess the role of acupuncture for analgesia during labour. Design Double-blind study of manual, electro and sham acupuncture, and single-blind study comparing acupuncture with a control group for analgesia for labour induction. Setting A major obstetric unit in the UK. Population A cohort of 105 nulliparae undergoing labour induction at term. Methods Twenty-three subjects needed to be randomised to each group to have an 80% power of detecting a 50% relative reduction in epidural rate with an alpha value of 0.05. Main outcome measures The primary end point was the rate of intrapartum epidural analgesia, and the secondary end points were parenteral analgesia requirement, labour length, delivery mode, neonatal condition and postpartum haemorrhage. Results There was no difference in epidural analgesia between acupuncture and sham acupuncture, relative risk 1.18 (95% CI 0.8-1.74), or between acupuncture and control, relative risk 0.88 (95% CI 0.66-1.19). There were no significant differences in the secondary end points between the acupuncture groups and the control group. Side effects or complications of acupuncture were not identified. Conclusions Using the protocols studied, there was no analgesic benefit with acupuncture for pain relief during induced labour in nulliparae. Please cite this paper as: MacKenzie I, Xu J, Cusick C, Midwinter-Morten H, Meacher H, Mollison J, Brock M. Acupuncture for pain relief during induced labour in nulliparae: a randomised controlled study. BJOG 2011;118:440-447.  
  Address Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Maternity Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 105  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Analgesia
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 798  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ozgoli, G.; Sedigh Mobarakabadi, S.; Heshmat, R.; Alavi Majd, H.; Sheikhan, Z. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure on labor pain and delivery outcome in the first stage of labor in primiparous women: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2016 Publication Complementary Therapies in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Complement Ther Med  
  Volume 29 Issue Pages 175-180  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupressure; TCM Acupuncture Style; Labor, Obstetric; Analgesia; Women's Health; Labor Pain; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examines and compares the effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure with each other and control group on labor pain and delivery outcomes. DESIGN: In this randomized controlled trial, 105 primiparous women in active phase of first-stage of labor were equally assigned to two experimental groups [acupressure on LI4 (n=35) or BL32 (n=35)] and a control group (n=35). INTERVENTIONS: The experimental groups received routine labor care and acupressure in LI4 or BL32 points in three cervical dilatations (4-5, 6-7, and 8-10cm). The control group only received routine labor care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain was assessed by numerical rating scale in three cervical dilatations, before and after intervention. Type of delivery (cesarean, vaginal or operative delivery) and neonatal Apgar score were considered as delivery outcomes, these data collected by a check list. Data were analyzed using Repeated Measurement, ANOVA, Chi-Square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney tests. RESULTS: Pain reduction was significantly greater in LI4 and BL32 groups compared with control in all periods of study. Also, acupressure on BL32 point was superior to LI4 point in pain relief in the first and second but not third intervention. No statistically significant difference was observed in terms of delivery outcomes. CONCLUSION: Acupressure on BL32 and LI4 points are effective in reducing labor pain compared to control group with a slight superiority for BL32 points. Acupressure on these points could apply for relief pain in labor as an inexpensive and easy to administered method.  
  Address Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: zsheikhan@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 105  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Analgesia
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27912944 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2198  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Borup, L.; Wurlitzer, W.; Hedegaard, M.; Kesmodel, U. S.; Hvidman, L. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture as pain relief during delivery: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Birth Abbreviated Journal Birth  
  Volume 36 Issue 1 Pages 5-12  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Auricular Acupuncture; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; TENS; Women's Health; Analgesia, Obstetrical; Labor, Obstetric; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; TCM Acupuncture Style; Symptom Based Point Selection  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Many women need some kind of analgesic treatment to relieve pain during childbirth. The objective of our study was to compare the effect of acupuncture with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) and traditional analgesics for pain relief and relaxation during delivery with respect to pain intensity, birth experience, and obstetric outcome. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 607 healthy women in labor at term who received acupuncture, TENS, or traditional analgesics. Primary outcomes were the need for pharmacological and invasive methods, level of pain assessed by a visual analogue scale, birth experience and satisfaction with delivery, and pain relief evaluated at 2 months postpartum. Secondary obstetric outcomes were duration of labor, use of oxytocin, mode of delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, Apgar score, and umbilical cord pH value. Analysis complied with the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: Use of pharmacological and invasive methods was significantly lower in the acupuncture group (acupuncture vs traditional, p < 0.001; acupuncture vs TENS, p = 0.031). Pain scores were comparable. Acupuncture did not influence the duration of labor or the use of oxytocin. Mean Apgar score at 5 minutes and umbilical cord pH value were significantly higher among infants in the acupuncture group compared with infants in the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture reduced the need for pharmacological and invasive methods during delivery. Acupuncture is a good supplement to existing pain relief methods.  
  Address Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 8 Weeks Frequency N/A Number of Participants 607  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Analgesia, Obstetrical
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 85  
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Author Co, L. L.; Schmitz, T. H.; Havdala, H.; Reyes, A.; Westerman, M. P. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture: an evaluation in the painful crises of sickle cell anaemia Type of Study RCT
  Year 1979 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 181-185  
  Keywords Anemia, Sickle Cell; Miscellaneous; Hematologic Diseases; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Pain; AcuTrials  
  Abstract An evaluation of acupuncture for pain relief was made in 10 patients with sickle cell anaemia during 16 pain crises. A model was developed in which the patient served as his own control and in which both patient and examiner were unaware of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated. The results show (1) that pain relief was obtained in 15 of the 16 painful episodes regardless of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated, demonstrating considerable overlap between the effects of needling acupuncture points and sham sites; (2) that needling at acupuncture points for pain relief is not significantly superior to treatment at sham sites; (3) that needling, per se, whether at acupuncture points of at sham sites can be useful for alleviating pain in sickle cell crises. The model could be useful for evaluation of pain relief by needling in other diseases.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Anemia, Sickle Cell
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 200  
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Author Chapman, C.R.; Wilson, M.E.; Gehrig, J.D. openurl 
  Title Comparative effects of acupuncture and transcutaneous stimulation on the perception of painful dental stimuli Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1976 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue 3 Pages 265-283  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; Rct; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Tens; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract The effects of acupunctural stimulation on the perception of induced dental pain were compared with those of placebo acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) at an acupuncture site. Each of 4 groups of 15 subjects received one of the following treatments: acupuncture, placebo acupuncture, TES, or control conditions. Every subject was tested twice, once in a baseline session and on another day in a test session. Four levels of painful dental stimuli were delivered repeatedly and in random order to each subject in each session, who rated the perceived intensity of each stimulus on a pain category scale. All three treatment groups showed a significant reduction in magnitude of stimulus ratings after treatment. A Sensory Decision Theory analysis of the data was employed to assess the sensory sensitivity of each subject to each of 4 levels of dental stimulation and the willingness of the subject to label the strongest stimulus as painful. Acupuncture and TES groups showed a small but significant sensory analgesic response to treatment and a significant reduction in willingness to identify the strongest stimulus as painful when contrasted to controls, but placebo acupuncture subjects failed to show significant change on either of the response measures. The effects of acupuncture were most pronounced at the lowest level of stimulation, while TES affected the perception of all levels of dental stimuli. The observed effects appeared to be small, reliable, and dependent on the stimulation of a particular anatomical locus.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 8/6/2015; Date Modified: 8/20/2015; Priority: Normal; Anesthesia and Analgesia; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=800251 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1521  
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Author Lynn, B.; Perl, E.R. openurl 
  Title Failure of Acupuncture to Produce Localized Changes in Subjective Cold Pain Ratings Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1976 Publication Advances in Pain Research and Therapy Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 755-759  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; RCT; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract In a previous study (7,8) it was found that acupuncture produced only small, widely spread increases in pain threshold and decreases in pinprick discrimination. It seemed possible that our failure to find the spatial pattern of changes predicted by acupuncturists was because of using tests that involved only threshold levels of pain, and that tests involving stronger stimulation might reveal a different pattern of changes. The publication of a number of reports (2,4,10,11) which claimed that suprathreshold pain assessments were reduced by acupuncture of traditional points, but not by acupuncture at “placebo” points, further encouraged us to reexamine the efficiency of acupuncture using similar tests. A method for producing graded cold pain at a variety of places on the body surface was therefore developed. The results obtained using it to study changes during acupuncture are reported herein.  
  Address Department of Physiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine. Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1909  
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Author Zheng, Z.; Feng, S.J.; Costa, C. d.; Li, C.G.; Lu, D.; Xue, C.C. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture analgesia for temporal summation of experimental pain: a randomised controlled study Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Eur J Pain Abbreviated Journal Eur J Pain  
  Volume 14 Issue 7 Pages 725-31  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Temporal summation of pain, a phenomenon of the central nervous system (CNS), represents enhanced painful sensation or reduced pain threshold upon repeated stimulation. This pain model has been used to evaluate the analgesic effect of various medications on the CNS. AIMS: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects and characteristics of analgesia induced by electroacupuncture (EA), manual acupuncture (MA) and non-invasive sham-acupuncture (SA) in healthy humans on temporal summation of pain. METHODS: Thirsty-six pain-free volunteers were randomised into one of the three groups EA (2/100 Hz), MA or SA. Acupuncture intervention was on ST36 and ST40 on the dominant leg delivered by an acupuncturist blinded to the outcome assessment. Both subjects and the evaluator were blinded to the treatment allocation. Pain thresholds to a single pulse (single pain threshold, SPT) and repeated pulses electrical stimulation (temporal summation thresholds, TST) were measured before, 30 min after and 24h after each treatment. RESULTS: The baseline values of three groups were comparable. Compared to SA, EA significantly increased both SPT and TST immediately after the treatment on the treatment leg as well as 24h after on both the treatment and non-treatment legs (ANOVA, p<0.05). MA also increased SPT and TST, but the changes were not significantly different from those induced by SA. CONCLUSION: EA induces bilateral, segmentally distributed and prolong analgesia on both SPT and TST, indicating a non-centrally specific effect. This effect needs to be verified with heat or mechanical model and in pain patients.  
  Address Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Vic 3083, Australia. zhen.zheng@rmit.edu.au  
  Publisher Copyright (c) 2009 European Federation of International Association for the Study of Pain Chapters. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 36  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 10/8/2015; Priority: Normal; Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Vic 3083, Australia. zhen.zheng@rmit.edu.au; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=20045360 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1854  
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Author Kurono, Y.; Egawa, M.; Yano, T.; Shimoo, K. url  openurl
  Title The effect of acupuncture on the coronary arteries as evaluated by coronary angiography: a preliminary report Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication The American journal of Chinese medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Chin Med  
  Volume 30 Issue 2-3 Pages 387-396  
  Keywords Acupuncture; Angina Pectoris; Cardiovascular Diseases; RCT; Acu Versus CAM Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; AcuTrials  
  Abstract The Neiguan acupuncture point (EH-6) of the heart meridian is often used for circulatory disorders. To clarify this effect, we measured coronary diameters in patients with angina pectoris following acupuncture stimulation using cardioangiography. Two kinds of acupuncture stimulation, the leaving needle (LN) and the sparrow pecking method (SPM), were employed for this study. No significant differences were found between LN and SPM. Concerning the pattern of coronary reaction, coronary constriction following acupuncture showed a relationship to patients with vasospastic angina. Coronary dilation following acupuncture showed a relationship to patients with Syndrome X. The mean dilatation with acupuncture was 68.8% of that caused by isosorbide dinitrate. These findings may help to clarify the mechanism of acupuncture treatment  
  Address  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 16  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition (up) Angina Pectoris
  Disease Category Cardiovascular Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 606  
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Author Li, H.; Wang, J.; Lu, G.; Zhang, Q. openurl 
  Title Effect of an Herbal Compound Combined with Acupuncture and Qigong on Angina Pectoris Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal Am J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 8-13  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Angina Pectoris; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Herbal Formula; Qigong; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Cardiovascular Diseases  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 28  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition (up) Angina Pectoris
  Disease Category Cardiovascular Diseases OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 680  
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