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Author Kim, J. I.; Choi, J. Y.; Lee, D. H.; Choi, T. Y.; Lee, M. S.; Ernst, E. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for the treatment of tinnitus: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2012 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 97-  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Ear Diseases; Tinnitus; Acupuncture  
  Abstract (up) ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has frequently been used to treat tinnitus, and acupuncture is a particularly popular option. The objective of this review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus. METHODS: Fourteen databases were searched from the dates of their creation to July 4th, 2012. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included if acupuncture was used as the sole treatment. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the risk of bias. RESULTS: A total of 9 RCTs met all the inclusion criteria. Their methodological quality was mostly poor. Five RCTs compared the effectiveness of acupuncture or electroacupuncture with sham acupuncture for treating tinnitus. The results failed to show statistically significant improvements. Two RCTs compared a short one-time scalp acupuncture treatment with the use of penetrating sham acupuncture at non-acupoints in achieving subjective symptom relief on a visual analog scale; these RCTs demonstrated significant positive effects with scalp acupuncture. Two RCTs compared acupuncture with conventional drug treatments. One of these RCTs demonstrated that acupuncture had statistically significant effects on the response rate in patients with nervous tinnitus, but the other RCT did not demonstrate significant effects in patients with senile tinnitus. CONCLUSIONS: The number, size and quality of the RCTs on the effectiveness of acupuncture for the treatment of tinnitus are not sufficient for drawing definitive conclusions. Further rigorous RCTs that overcome the many limitations of the current evidence are warranted.  
  Address Medical Research Division, Korea Institiute f oriential Medicine, Daejeomn 305 811, South Korea  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Tinnitus
  Disease Category Ear Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 570  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Yang, J.; Zeng, F.; Fang, L.; Feng, Y.; Qin, W.; Liu, X.; Song, W.; Xie, H.; Chen, J.; Liang, F. url  openurl
  Title A PET-CT study on the specificity of acupoints through acupuncture treatment in migraine patients Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 12 Issue 123 Pages 1-14  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Migraine; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract (up) ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In the field of acupuncture research, the topic of acupoint specificity has received increasing attention, but no unified conclusion has been reached on whether or not acupoint specificity exists. Furthermore, the majority of previous acupuncture neuroimaging studies have been performed using healthy subjects. In this study, patients with migraine were used to investigate acupoint specificity. METHODS: Thirty patients with migraine were enrolled and randomized into three groups: Traditional Acupuncture Group (TAG), Control Acupuncture Group (CAG), and Migraine Group (MG). The TAG was treated by acupuncture stimulation at Waiguan (TE5), Yang Lingquan (GB34), and Fengchi (GB20). The CAG was treated at Touwei (ST8), Pianli (LI6), and Zusanli (ST36). The MG received no treatment. Positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) was used to test for differences in brain activation between the TAG and CAG versus MG, respectively. RESULTS: Traditional acupuncture treatment was more effective for pain reduction than control acupuncture treatment. The TAG showed higher brain metabolism than the MG in the middle temporal cortex (MTC), orbital frontal cortex (OFC), insula, middle frontal gyrus, angular gyrus, post-cingulate cortex (PCC), the precuneus, and the middle cingulate cortex (MCC). Metabolism decreased in the parahippocampus, hippocampus, fusiform gyrus, postcentral gyrus, and cerebellum in the TAG compared with the MG. In the CAG, metabolism increased compared with the MG in the MTC, supratemporal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, and MCC, whereas metabolism decreased in the cerebellum. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture stimulation of different points on similar body regions in migraine patients reduced pain and induced different levels of cerebral glucose metabolism in pain-related brain regions. These findings may support the functional specificity of migraine- treatment-related acupoint.Trial registrationThe number of our clinical trial registration is: ChiCTR-TRC-11001813, and the protocol and inclusion criteria have already been registered as ChiCTR-TRC-11001813.  
  Address Acupuncture and Tuina School, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1368  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Quispe-Cabanillas, J. G.; Damasceno, A.; Glehn, F.; Brandao, C. O.; Damasceno, B. P.; Silveira, W. D.; Santos, L. M. url  openurl
  Title Impact of electroacupuncture on quality of life for patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis under treatment with immunomodulators: A randomized study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Autoimmune Diseases; Multiple Sclerosis; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Electroacupuncture; Near Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract (up) ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex autoimmune disease mediated by an immune response to central nervous system antigens. Modern immunomodulatory therapies, however, do not ameliorate many of the symptoms, such as pain and depression. Patients thus seek alternative treatments, such as acupuncture, although the benefits of such treatments have not been objectively evaluated. The present study was thus designed to evaluate the effect of the use of acupuncture in the alleviation of the symptoms of patients with MS. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis undergoing treatment with immunomodulators were randomly distributed into sex-stratified experimental and placebo groups in a patient- and evaluator-blind design; they received either true or sham electroacupuncture during regular visits to the doctor in the university hospital outpatient clinic. Standardized questionnaires were used to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture on the quality of life of these patients. Initial and follow-up assessment included the evaluation of clinical status (Expanded Disability Status Scale), pain (Visual Analogue Scale) and quality of life (Functional Assessment of multiple Sclerosis) to ascertain the impact of electroacupuncture on the quality of life of these patients. RESULTS: Electroacupuncture improved various aspects of quality of life, including a reduction in pain and depression. The self-report scales were more sensitive to improvement than was the more objective clinical measure. CONCLUSION: This paper provides evidence that electroacupuncture can significantly improve the quality of life of such patients. The results suggest that the routine use of a self-report scale evaluating quality of life should be included in regular clinical evaluations in order to detect changes more rapidly.Trial RegistrationRBR-58yq52.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 31  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Multiple Sclerosis
  Disease Category Autoimmune Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 967  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Elden, H.; Ostgaard, H. C.; Fagevik-Olsen, M.; Ladfors, L.; Hagberg, H. url  openurl
  Title Treatments of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women: adverse effects of standard treatment, acupuncture and stabilising exercises on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/ neonate Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine [electronic resource] Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 34-  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Adverse Effects; Analgesia; Delivery, Obstetric; Exercise; Pain; RCT; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; AcuTrials; CAM Control  
  Abstract (up) ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Previous publications indicate that acupuncture is efficient for the treatment of pelvic girdle pain, PGP, in pregnant women. However, the use of acupuncture for PGP is rare due to insufficient documentation of adverse effects of this treatment in this specific condition. The aim of the present work was to assess adverse effects of acupuncture on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/ neonate in comparison with women that received stabilising exercises as adjunct to standard treatment or standard treatment alone. METHODS: In all, 386 women with PGP entered this controlled, single-blind trial. They were randomly assigned to standard treatment plus acupuncture (n=125), standard treatment plus specific stabilising exercises (n=131) or to standard treatment alone (n=130) for 6 weeks. Acupuncture that may be considered strong was used and treatment was started as early as in the second trimester of pregnancy. Adverse effects were recorded during treatment and throughout the pregnancy. Influence on the fetus was measured with cardiotocography (CTG) before-during and after 43 acupuncture sessions in 43 women. A standardised computerized method to analyze the CTG reading numerically (Oxford 8000, Oxford, England) was used. After treatment, the women rated their overall experience of the treatment and listed adverse events if any in a questionnaire. Data of analgesia and oxytocin augmentation during labour, duration of labour, frequency of preterm birth, operative delivery, Apgar score, cord-blood gas/ acid base balance and birth weight were also recorded. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events after any of the treatments. Minor adverse events were common in the acupuncture group but women rated acupuncture favourably even despite this. The computerized or visually assessed CTG analyses of antenatal recordings in connection with acupuncture were all normal. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that acupuncture administered with a stimulation that may be considered strong led to minor adverse complaints from the mothers but had no observable severe adverse influences on the pregnancy, mother, delivery or the fetus/ neonate  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Week Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 386  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Pelvic Girdle Pain
  Disease Category Adverse Effects OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 287  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Yeh, B. Y.; Hsu, Y. C.; Huang, J. Y.; Shih, I. T.; Zhuo, W. J.; Tsai, Y. F.; Chang, C. J.; Yu, H. P. url  openurl
  Title Effect of electroacupuncture in postanesthetic shivering during regional anesthesia: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Miscellaneous; Shivering; Core Body Temperature; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Electroacupuncture; Anesthesia  
  Abstract (up) ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Shivering during regional anesthesia is a common complication and is related to a decrease in the patient's core body temperature. Previous studies have shown that acupuncture on specific acupoints can preserve core body temperature. The present study evaluated the effect of electroacupuncture in preventing the shivering caused by regional anesthesia. METHODS: This prospective and randomized controlled study analyzed the data from 80 patients undergoing urological surgery, who were classified as ASA I or II. Spinal anesthesia was performed in all patients using 15 mg of bupivacaine. The patients were randomly allocated to receive either placebo acupuncture (Group P, n = 40) or electroacupuncture (Group A, n = 40) for 30 min before administration of spinal anesthesia. Shivering score was recorded at 5 min intervals, with 0 representing no shivering and 4 representing the most severe shivering possible. Heart rate, blood pressure, and tympanic temperature were recorded before the intrathecal injection, and again every 5 min thereafter until 30 min. RESULTS: After spinal anesthesia, the decrease in tympanic temperature was less for Group A patients than Group P, with the difference being statistically significant. After 15 min, 13 patients in Group P attained a shivering score of 3 or more, compared with 3 patients in Group A. Significantly more patients in Group P attained a shivering score of at least 1. CONCLUSIONS: The prophylactic use of electroacupuncture might maintain core body temperature, and may effectively prevent the shivering that commonly develops during regional anesthesia.Trial registrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12612000096853.  
  Address Department of Chinese Acupuncture and Traumatology, Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 80  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Shivering
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1377  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gadau, M.; Yeung, W. F.; Liu, H.; Zaslawski, C.; Tan, Y. S.; Wang, F. C.; Bangrazi, S.; Chung, K. F.; Bian, Z. X.; Zhang, S. P. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture and moxibustion for lateral elbow pain: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2014 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 14 Issue 136 Pages -  
  Keywords Systematic Review; Sprains and Strains; Tennis Elbow; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; Moxa; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Lateral Epicondylitis; Lateral Elbow Pain  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Acupuncture and moxibustion have widely been used to treat lateral elbow pain (LEP). A comprehensive systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including both English and Chinese databases was conducted to assess the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of LEP. METHODS: Revised STRICTA (2010) criteria were used to appraise the acupuncture procedures, the Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. A total of 19 RCTs that compared acupuncture and/or moxibustion with sham acupuncture, another form of acupuncture, or conventional treatment were included. RESULTS: All studies had at least one domain rated as high risk or uncertain risk of bias in the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results from three RCTs of moderate quality showed that acupuncture was more effective than sham acupuncture. Results from 10 RCTs of mostly low quality showed that acupuncture or moxibustion was superior or equal to conventional treatment, such as local anesthetic injection, local steroid injection, non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs, or ultrasound. There were six low quality RCTs that compared acupuncture and moxibustion combined with manual acupuncture alone, and all showed that acupuncture and moxibustion combined was superior to manual acupuncture alone. CONCLUSION: Moderate quality studies suggest that acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture. Interpretations of findings regarding acupuncture vs. conventional treatment, and acupuncture and moxibustion combined vs. manual acupuncture alone are limited by the methodological qualities of these studies. Future studies with improved methodological design are warranted to confirm the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for LEP.  
  Address School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, SAR, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Tennis Elbow
  Disease Category Sprains and Strains OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 353  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Vixner, L.; Schytt, E.; Stener-Victorin, E.; Waldenstrom, U.; Pettersson, H.; Martensson, L. B. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture with manual and electrical stimulation for labour pain: a longitudinal randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 14 Issue 187 Pages -  
  Keywords RCT; Pain; Labor Pain; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Pregnancy  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is commonly used to reduce pain during labour despite contradictory results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture with manual stimulation and acupuncture with combined manual and electrical stimulation (electro-acupuncture) compared with standard care in reducing labour pain. Our hypothesis was that both acupuncture stimulation techniques were more effective than standard care, and that electro-acupuncture was most effective. METHODS: A longitudinal randomised controlled trial. The recruitment of participants took place at the admission to the labour ward between November 2008 and October 2011 at two Swedish hospitals . 303 nulliparous women with normal pregnancies were randomised to: 40 minutes of manual acupuncture (MA), electro-acupuncture (EA), or standard care without acupuncture (SC). Primary outcome: labour pain, assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Secondary outcomes: relaxation, use of obstetric pain relief during labour and post-partum assessments of labour pain. The sample size calculation was based on the primary outcome and a difference of 15 mm on VAS was regarded as clinically relevant, this gave 101 in each group, including a total of 303 women. RESULTS: Mean estimated pain scores on VAS (SC: 69.0, MA: 66.4 and EA: 68.5), adjusted for: treatment, age, education, and time from baseline, with no interactions did not differ between the groups (SC vs MA: mean difference 2.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.7-6.9 and SC vs EA: mean difference 0.6 [95% CI] -3.6-4.8). Fewer number of women in the EA group used epidural analgesia (46%) than women in the MA group (61%) and SC group (70%) (EA vs SC: odds ratio [OR] 0.35; [95% CI] 0.19-0.67). CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture does not reduce women's experience of labour pain, neither with manual stimulation nor with combined manual and electrical stimulation. However, fewer women in the EA group used epidural analgesia thus indicating that the effect of acupuncture with electrical stimulation may be underestimated. These findings were obtained in a context with free access to other forms of pain relief. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01197950.  
  Address Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Reproductive Health, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius vag 13A, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. linda.vixner@ki.se.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 303  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Labor Pain
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1222  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Yang, M.; Li, X.; Liu, S.; Li, Z.; Xue, M.; Gao, D.; Li, X.; Yang, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Meta-analysis of acupuncture for relieving non-organic dyspeptic symptoms suggestive of diabetic gastroparesis Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2013 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 13 Issue 311 Pages 1-12  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Diabetes Mellitus; Gastroparesis; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Systematic Review; Warming Needle  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is widely used to treat diabetic patients with dyspeptic symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis in China. We conducted this systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture for diabetic gastroparesis (DGP). METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) and WanFang Data up to January 2013 without language restriction. Eligible RCTs were designed to examine the efficacy of acupuncture in improving dyspeptic symptoms and gastric emptying in DGP. Risk of bias, study design and outcomes were extracted from trials. Relative risk (RR) was calculated for dichotomous data. Mean difference (MD) and standardized mean difference (SMD) were selected for continuous data to pool the overall effect. RESULTS: We searched 744 studies, among which 14 RCTs were considered eligible. Overall, acupuncture treatment had a high response rate than controls (RR, 1.20 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12 to 1.29], P < 0.00001), and significantly improved dyspeptic symptoms compared with the control group. There was no difference in solid gastric emptying between acupuncture and control. Acupuncture improved single dyspeptic symptom such as nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite and stomach fullness. Most studies were in unclear and high risk of bias and with small sample size (median = 62). The majority of the RCTs reported positive effect of acupuncture in improving dyspeptic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that acupuncture might be effective to improve dyspeptic symptoms in DGP, while a definite conclusion about whether acupuncture was effective for DGP could not be drawn due to the low quality of trials and possibility of publication bias. Further large-scale, high-quality randomized clinical trials are needed to validate this claim and translate this result to clinical practice.  
  Address Xiamen Diabetes Institute, Xiamen, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Gastroparesis
  Disease Category Diabetes Mellitus OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1369  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Shiue, H.-S.; Lee, Y.-S.; Tsai, C.-N.; Chang, H.-H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Treatment of allergic rhinitis with acupoint herbal plaster: an oligonucleotide chip analysis Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 436  
  Keywords Acupoint herbal plaster; Allergic rhinitis; Oligonucleotide chip  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is regarded as an imbalanced Th1/Th2 cell-mediated response. The present study used microarray analysis to compare gene expression levels between allergic rhinitis patients before and after a series of acupoint herbal plaster applications. METHODS: In this experimental pilot study, volunteers experiencing sneezing, runny nose, and congestion for more than 9 months in the year following initial diagnoses were included after diagnostic confirmation by otolaryngologists to exclude patients with sinusitis and nasal polyps. Patients with persistent allergic rhinitis each received four acupoint herbal plaster treatments applied using the moxibustion technique. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Rhinitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ). Peripheral blood samples were analyzed using an ImmunoCAP Phadiatop test, and patients were classified as phadiatop (Ph)-positive or -negative. Microarray results were analyzed for genes that were differentially expressed between (1) Ph-positive and -negative patients treated with herbal plaster; and (2) before and after herbal plaster treatment in the Ph-positive patient group. Unsupervised and supervised methods were used for gene-expression data analysis. RESULTS: Nineteen Ph-positive and four Ph-negative participants with persistent allergic rhinitis were included in the study. RQLQ results indicated that the 19 Ph-positive volunteers experienced improvement in six of seven categories following acupoint herbal plaster treatments, whereas the four Ph-negative participants reported improvement in only two categories. Hierarchical clustering and principle component analysis of the gene expression profiles of Ph-positive and -negative participants indicated the groups exhibited distinct physiological responses to acupoint herbal treatment. Evaluation of gene networks using MetaCore identified that the “Immune responseIL-13 signaling via JAK-STAT” and the “InflammationInterferon signaling” were down- and up-regulated, respectively, among Ph-positive subjects. CONCLUSIONS: In this preliminary study, we find that the IL-13 immune response via JAK-STAT signaling and interferon inflammation signaling were down- and upregulated, respectively, in the Ph-positive group. Further studies are required to verify these pathways in Ph-positive patients, and to determine the mechanism of such pathway dysregulation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02486159 . Registered 30 Jun 2015.  
  Address Departments of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. tcmchh55@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27814709; PMCID:PMC5097372 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2116  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2438  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2479  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2520  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2561  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2602  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2639  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2680  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2725  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2766  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2807  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oka, H.; Matsudaira, K.; Takano, Y.; Kasuya, D.; Niiya, M.; Tonosu, J.; Fukushima, M.; Oshima, Y.; Fujii, T.; Tanaka, S.; Inanami, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparative study of three conservative treatments in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: lumbar spinal stenosis with acupuncture and physical therapy study (LAP study) Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 19  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Aged; Conservative Treatment; Female; Humans; Lumbar Vertebrae/*physiopathology; Male; Patient Satisfaction; *Physical Therapy Modalities; Spinal Stenosis/*physiopathology/*therapy; Acupuncture; Conservative management; Exercise; Lumbar spinal stenosis; Medication; Zurich claudication questionnaire  
  Abstract (up) BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014. In this open-label study, patients were assigned to three treatment groups (medication, exercise, acupuncture) according to the visit time. The primary outcomes were Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) scores before and after 4 weeks of treatment. Least square mean analysis was used to assess the following dependent variables in the treatment groups: changes in symptom severity and physical function scores of the ZCQ and the ZCQ score of patient's satisfaction after treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-eight, 40, and 41 patients were allocated to the medication, exercise, and acupuncture groups, respectively. No patient underwent surgical treatment during the study period. The symptom severity scores of the ZCQ improved significantly after treatment in the medication (p = 0.048), exercise (p = 0.003), and acupuncture (p = 0.04) groups. The physical function score improved significantly in the acupuncture group (p = 0.045) but not in the medication (p = 0.20) and exercise (p = 0.29) groups. The mean reduction in the ZCQ score for physical function was significantly greater for acupuncture than for exercise. The mean ZCQ score for treatment satisfaction was significantly greater for acupuncture than for medication. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was significantly more effective than physical exercise according to the physical function score of the ZCQ and than medication according to the satisfaction score. The present study provides new important information that will aid decision making in LSS treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ( UMIN000006957 ).  
  Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Iwai Orthopaedic Medical Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:29351748; PMCID:PMC5775532 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2848  
Permanent link to this record
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