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Author Yeh, B. Y.; Hsu, Y. C.; Huang, J. Y.; Shih, I. T.; Zhuo, W. J.; Tsai, Y. F.; Chang, C. J.; Yu, H. P. url  openurl
  Title (up) Effect of electroacupuncture in postanesthetic shivering during regional anesthesia: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Miscellaneous; Shivering; Core Body Temperature; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Electroacupuncture; Anesthesia  
  Abstract ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Shivering during regional anesthesia is a common complication and is related to a decrease in the patient's core body temperature. Previous studies have shown that acupuncture on specific acupoints can preserve core body temperature. The present study evaluated the effect of electroacupuncture in preventing the shivering caused by regional anesthesia. METHODS: This prospective and randomized controlled study analyzed the data from 80 patients undergoing urological surgery, who were classified as ASA I or II. Spinal anesthesia was performed in all patients using 15 mg of bupivacaine. The patients were randomly allocated to receive either placebo acupuncture (Group P, n = 40) or electroacupuncture (Group A, n = 40) for 30 min before administration of spinal anesthesia. Shivering score was recorded at 5 min intervals, with 0 representing no shivering and 4 representing the most severe shivering possible. Heart rate, blood pressure, and tympanic temperature were recorded before the intrathecal injection, and again every 5 min thereafter until 30 min. RESULTS: After spinal anesthesia, the decrease in tympanic temperature was less for Group A patients than Group P, with the difference being statistically significant. After 15 min, 13 patients in Group P attained a shivering score of 3 or more, compared with 3 patients in Group A. Significantly more patients in Group P attained a shivering score of at least 1. CONCLUSIONS: The prophylactic use of electroacupuncture might maintain core body temperature, and may effectively prevent the shivering that commonly develops during regional anesthesia.Trial registrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12612000096853.  
  Address Department of Chinese Acupuncture and Traumatology, Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 80  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Shivering
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1377  
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