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Author Gentil, D.; Assumpcao, J.; Yamamura, Y.; Barros Neto, T. openurl 
  Title The effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on physical performance by sedentary subjects submitted to ergospirometric test on the treadmill Type of Study Journal Article
  Year (down) 2005 Publication J Sports Med Phys Fitness Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 45 Issue 1 Pages 134-140  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Rct; Athletic Performance; Exercise; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Sham Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control; Moxa  
  Abstract AIM: Acupuncture and moxibustion are 2 therapeutic methods used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion in physical performance by an ergospirometry test. METHODS: Thirty-one subjects, sedentary, were randomized into 3 groups: Group I (Acupuncture); Group II (Acupuncture-Sham) and Group III (Control). They were submitted to anamnesis and an ergospirometry test. The subjects from Groups I and II were submitted to 10 acupuncture and moxibustion sessions, twice a week, for 5 weeks. The differences between the groups were that in Group I the acupuncture and moxibustion sessions were performed in acupoints and Group II in non acupoints. After this, the ergospirometry test was performed again. RESULTS: The acupuncture and moxibustion sessions did not increase maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) significantly. Other variables presented a significant increasing: oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold (VO2La); velocity in anaerobic threshold (Vel LA); caloric consumption (Gast Cal). The heart rate decreased when compared to velocity pre and post-treatment. The results show peripheral, afferent stimulation (acupuncture and moxibustion) could alter the functions of structures or internal organs. The decrease in heart rate and the significant improvement in oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold are similar to adaptations to physical training. Probably, the autonomic nervous system (mainly sympathetic system) is engaged in the acupuncture and moxibustion mechanism of action. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion decreased the heart rate during the ergospirometry test; the oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold (VO2La); velocity in anaerobic threshold (Vel LA) and caloric consumption (Gast Cal) had significantly increased.  
  Address Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.  
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 6.5 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 31  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Athletic Performance
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 9/29/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Athletic Performance; Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.; eng; Web: Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1859  
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