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Author Gadau, M.; Yeung, W. F.; Liu, H.; Zaslawski, C.; Tan, Y. S.; Wang, F. C.; Bangrazi, S.; Chung, K. F.; Bian, Z. X.; Zhang, S. P. url  doi
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  Title Acupuncture and moxibustion for lateral elbow pain: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2014 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 14 Issue 136 Pages -  
  Keywords Systematic Review; Sprains and Strains; Tennis Elbow; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; Moxa; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Lateral Epicondylitis; Lateral Elbow Pain  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture and moxibustion have widely been used to treat lateral elbow pain (LEP). A comprehensive systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including both English and Chinese databases was conducted to assess the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of LEP. METHODS: Revised STRICTA (2010) criteria were used to appraise the acupuncture procedures, the Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. A total of 19 RCTs that compared acupuncture and/or moxibustion with sham acupuncture, another form of acupuncture, or conventional treatment were included. RESULTS: All studies had at least one domain rated as high risk or uncertain risk of bias in the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results from three RCTs of moderate quality showed that acupuncture was more effective than sham acupuncture. Results from 10 RCTs of mostly low quality showed that acupuncture or moxibustion was superior or equal to conventional treatment, such as local anesthetic injection, local steroid injection, non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs, or ultrasound. There were six low quality RCTs that compared acupuncture and moxibustion combined with manual acupuncture alone, and all showed that acupuncture and moxibustion combined was superior to manual acupuncture alone. CONCLUSION: Moderate quality studies suggest that acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture. Interpretations of findings regarding acupuncture vs. conventional treatment, and acupuncture and moxibustion combined vs. manual acupuncture alone are limited by the methodological qualities of these studies. Future studies with improved methodological design are warranted to confirm the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for LEP.  
  Address School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, SAR, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Tennis Elbow
  Disease Category Sprains and Strains OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 353  
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