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Author Schliessbach, J.; van der, K. lift E.; Arendt-Nielsen, L.; Curatolo, M.; Streitberger, K. openurl 
  Title The effect of brief electrical and manual acupuncture stimulation on mechanical experimental pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Pain Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 268  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Healthy Subjects; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus Sham; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although manual and electrical stimulation are frequently used in acupuncture analgesia, studies comparing both stimulation modalities are contradictory. This blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over study investigates effects of brief manual and electrical acupuncture stimulation on pressure pain detection thresholds (PPDT) compared with nonpenetrating sham acupuncture (NPSA). INTERVENTIONS: Forty-five healthy volunteers received electrically and manually stimulated acupuncture and NPSA at large intestine 4 and 11 in randomized order. PPDT was assessed using pressure algometry at the second toe before; during; and 0, 2, and 5 minutes after each intervention. Stimulus intensity during stimulation was rated on a 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS). RESULTS: PPDT rose from 316 kPa (standard deviation [SD] 149) to 398 kPa (SD 157) and 405 kPa (SD 184) immediately after acupuncture with manual and electrical stimulation, respectively, and to 380 kPa (SD 175) and 367 kPa (SD 168) after NPSA with simulated manual and electrical stimulation, respectively. During the intervention, electroacupuncture produced a higher PPDT increase than any other procedure (P<0.001). Immediately after, both acupuncture procedures were significantly more effective than NPSA (P<0.001) but did not mutually differ (P=0.082). NRS ratings differed significantly: manual acupuncture 4.1, electroacupuncture 2.7, manual NPSA 2.5, electro-NPSA 1.2 (P<0.001 except for electroacupuncture vs manual NPSA, P=0.271). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture produced higher PPDT elevation than manual acupuncture, and acupuncture in general showed significantly greater analgesic effect than NPSA. These effects seem to be short lasting (<5 minutes) in the context of only brief acupuncture. The superiority of acupuncture to NPSA provides further evidence for acupuncture-specific analgesic effects.  
  Address University Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland. juerg.schliessbach@insel.ch  
  Publisher Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 45  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; University Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland. juerg.schliessbach@insel.ch; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=21276188 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1638  
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Author Pavao, T.S.; Vianna, P.; Pillat, M.M.; Machado, A.B.; Bauer, M.E. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture is effective to attenuate stress and stimulate lymphocyte proliferation in the elderly Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Neurosci Lett Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 484 Issue 1 Pages 47-50  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Nrct; Stress, Psychological; Immunity, Cellular; Nrct; Geriatrics; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control  
  Abstract Acupuncture has increasingly been used to treat many conditions, including psychiatric disorders and immunological-related disorders. However, the effects of acupuncture as stress management and immune functions in the elderly are largely unclear. Here we investigated the effects of acupuncture on stress-related psychological symptoms and cellular immunity in young adults and elderly subjects. The acupuncture treatment consisted of six sessions and the procedures included the insertion of needles at bilateral acupoints LI4, SP6 and ST36. Psychological variables (depression, anxiety and stress) were investigated by means of self-assessment inventories. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and cultured in vitro to measure mitogen-induced T-cell proliferation as well as cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone. All data were assessed before and after the intervention. Acupuncture was able to significantly reduce depression (p<0.001), anxiety (p<0.001) and stress (p<0.001) scores. The intervention also increased T-cell proliferation, with greater intensity in the elderly group (p=0.004). No changes in cellular sensitivity to dexamethasone were observed following acupuncture. We conclude that acupuncture was efficient to attenuate the psychological distress as well as to increase an important feature of cellular immunosenescence.  
  Address Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Stress, Psychological; Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Research, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=20709154 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1642  
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Author Park, J.; Park, H.; Lee, H.; Lim, S.; Ahn, K.; Lee, H. openurl 
  Title Deqi sensation between the acupuncture-experienced and the naive: a Korean study II Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Am J Chin Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 33 Issue 2 Pages 329-337  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Previous experience of acupuncture is believed to affect people's expectation of future treatments. Therefore, subjects who have had acupuncture are generally excluded from sham-controlled acupuncture clinical trials. However, this assumption has not been proven, but just accepted because of the lack of evidence to the contrary. To investigate the difference in frequency and intensity of acupuncture sensation between subjects who have had acupuncture and those who have not, 36 acupuncture-experienced subjects were invited to take part in the study. After informed consent was obtained, participants were asked to complete the acupuncture sensation scale (ASS) according to what they expected needling to feel like. The needling was done at the left Hegu (LI 4) point and consisted of insertion, stimulation for 30 seconds and removal. After needling, the subjects were asked to complete the same ASS according to what they actually experienced. Adverse events were monitored. The frequency of each sensation expected and experienced, as well as acupuncture sensation scores were compared. More than 60% of the subjects expected to feel sensations of penetrating (87.6% to 100%), aching (71.2% to 95.5%), tingling (87.6% to 100%), pricking (79.7% to 99.2%) and throbbing (64.2% to 91.4%). In fact, the subjects experienced sharp (60.9% to 89.1%), intense (60.9% to 89.1%), radiating (71.2% to 95.5%) and heavy (74.8% to 97.4%) sensations just as much. The subjects expected more hurting (p = 0.001), tingling (p < 0.001), pricking (p = 0.010), stinging (p = 0.012), burning (p = 0.001) and pulsing (p = 0.009) than they experienced, while more heaviness (p = 0.011) was experienced than expected. The same outcome measures were also compared between experienced and naive groups. Apart from the fact that the acupuncture-experienced participants expected to feel pricking (p = 0.030) and stinging (p = 0.002), and experienced hurting (p = 0.022) and stinging (p = 0.028) significantly less than those who had not had acupuncture before, there was no significant difference between first time and experienced subjects. The results indicate that previous experience does not affect the people's expectation and does not hinder people from experiencing Deqi. In addition, a constellation of Deqi-related acupuncture-specific sensations is more than just a general pain intensity dimension, which requires a biochemical and physiological exploration.  
  Address Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK. Jongbae_Park@hms.harvard.edu  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK. JongbaePark@hms.harvard.edu; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&listuids=15974491 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1643  
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Author Lundeberg, T.; Bondesson, L.; Thomas, M. openurl 
  Title Effect of acupuncture on experimentally induced itch Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1987 Publication Br J Dermatol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 117 Issue 6 Pages 771-777  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Pruritus; NRCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract The effect of acupuncture on experimentally induced itch was studied in 10 healthy volunteers. Itching was induced by intradermal injections of histamine on the upper arm. 'Placebo-acupuncture', acupuncture and electro-acupuncture at 2 Hz or 80 Hz were applied over the injection site, proximal to the injection site (in the same dermatome) or extrasegmentally (ipsilateral to the injected arm) for a period of 5 min following induction of itch. In addition, the effect of a 5 min period and a 20 min period of stimulation of the skin area prior to the induction of itch were studied. The same periods of stimulation were also applied to extrasegmental points prior to the induction of itch on the arm. Acupuncture and 2 Hz and 80 Hz electro-acupuncture significantly reduced subjective itch intensity when applied intrasegmentally. No significant effects were obtained when stimulation was applied extrasegmentally. The results suggest that acupuncture or electro-acupuncture could be tried in clinical conditions associated with pruritus.  
  Address Department of Physiology II, Karolinska Institutet, S-104 01 Stockholm, Sweden.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 7  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 7 Weeks Condition Pruritus
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Physiology II, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=3426954 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1647  
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Author Litscher, G. openurl 
  Title Cerebral and peripheral effects of laser needle-stimulation Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Neurol Res Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 25 Issue 7 Pages 722-728  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This study comprises scientific-theoretic fundamental investigations of laserneedle technology, a new and painless method of acupuncture stimulation. Laserneedles are not inserted in the skin, but are merely placed on the surface of the acupuncture point. The study documents the significant changes in peripheral microcirculation (p = 0.005) and surface temperature of the skin (p = 0.02) induced by laser, in 22 healthy volunteers (mean age 24.4 +/- 2.6 years). In addition, a randomised cross-over study to characterise the specific changes in cerebral blood flow velocity with laserneedle acupuncture (p < 0.001) is presented. These results provide important information for characterising the effects of laserneedle acupuncture.  
  Address Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research in Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, A-8036 Graz, Austria. gerhard.litscher@uni-graz.at  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research in Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, A-8036 Graz, Austria. gerhard.litscher@uni-graz.at; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14579790 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1649  
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Author Litscher, G.; Rachbauer, D.; Ropele, S.; Wang, L.; Schikora, D.; Fazekas, F.; Ebner, F. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture using laser needles modulates brain function: first evidence from functional transcranial Doppler sonography and functional magnetic resonance imaging Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Lasers Med Sci Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 6-11  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Acupuncture using laser needles is a new totally painless stimulation method which has been described for the first time. This paper presents an experimental double-blind study in acupuncture research in healthy volunteers using a new optical stimulation method. We investigated 18 healthy volunteers (mean age +/- SD: 25.4 +/- 4.3 years; range: 21-30 years; 11 female, 7 male) in a randomized controlled cross-over trial using functional multidirectional transcranial ultrasound Doppler sonography (fTCD; n = 17) and performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in one volunteer. Stimulation of vision-related acupoints resulted in an increase of mean blood flow velocity in the posterior cerebral artery measured by fTCD [before stimulation (mean +/- SE): 42.2 +/- 2.5; during stimulation: 44.2 +/- 2.6; after stimulation: 42.3 +/- 2.4 cm/s, n.s.]. Mean blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery decreased insignificantly. Significant changes (p < 0.05) of brain activity were demonstrated in the occipital and frontal gyrus by fMRI. Optical stimulation using properly adjusted laser needles has the advantage that the stimulation cannot be felt by the patient (painless and no tactile stimulation) and the operator may also be unaware of whether the stimulation system is active. Therefore true double-blind studies in acupuncture research can be performed.  
  Address Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research in Anesthesia and Critical Care, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, 8036, Austria. gerhard.litscher@meduni-graz.at  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research in Anesthesia and Critical Care, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, 8036, Austria. gerhard.litscher@meduni-graz.at; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15316852 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1650  
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Author Lin, J.G. openurl 
  Title Studies of needling depth in acupuncture treatment Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1997 Publication Chin Med J (Engl) Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 110 Issue 2 Pages 154-156  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Points; Acupuncture Therapy/*history/methods; Adult; Anthropometry; Back/pathology; Female; Galvanic Skin Response; History, Ancient; History, Medieval; History, Modern 1601-; Humans; Male; Thorax/pathology  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety and De-qi (obtaining of needling sensation) depth of acupoint and their relation to therapeutic effect, and to electric resistance. METHODS: 1) We plotted the graph to compare the differences of each acupoint depth between modern and ancient acupuncture writings; 2) 80 cadavers, and 240 subjects with computer tomography of chest to study the safety depth of acupoint were used, and their correlation to the length of the second phalanx of middle finger as Tong Shen Cun's standard; 3) 300 subjects were divided according to their body height and weight into normal-weight, over-weight and under-weight groups of 100 subjects to study the De-qi depth of acupoint; 4) using the 120 subjects which accepted acupuncture treatment due to pain symptom to study the relation between De-qi depth and therapeutic effect; 5) 107 subjects of different sizes were used to study the relation between De-qi depth and thickness of body, and electric resistance. RESULTS: Acupoint depth was greater in modern acupuncture writings than in ancient writings. The safety depth of each acupoint in chest and in back was different, and they had high correlation to Tong Shen Cun's standard in adults, but not in newborns. The safety depths in chest acupoints were greater in female than in male, but not in back, and they related to body size. The De-qi depth was correlated with their therapeutic effects, corresponding to body thickness, but not related to their electric resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Safety and De-qi depth of acupoint are related to body thickness. The length of the second phalanx of middle finger may be used as Tong Shen Cun's standard in adults, but not in newborns.  
  Address Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, China Medical College, Taichung, Taiwan, China.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, China Medical College, Taichung, Taiwan, China.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=9594291 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1651  
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Author Li, G.; Liu, H.L.; Cheung, R.T.; Hung, Y.C.; Wong, K.K.; Shen, G.G.; Ma, Q.Y.; Yang, E.S. openurl 
  Title An fMRI study comparing brain activation between word generation and electrical stimulation of language-implicated acupoints Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Hum Brain Mapp Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 18 Issue 3 Pages 233-238  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We compared the brain activation on functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during word generation with the activation during electrical stimulation of two language-implicated acupoints in 17 healthy, Mandarin-speaking, Chinese male volunteers (age 19-26 years). All subjects were strongly right handed according to a handedness inventory. Using a standard functional MRI procedure and a word-generation paradigm, significant activation was seen in the left and right inferior frontal gyri (BA 44, 45) as well as the left superior temporal gyrus (BA 22, 42). Stronger activation with a larger volume was seen in the left hemisphere. Electrical stimulation of either one of the two language-implicated acupoints, SJ 8 (11 subjects) and Du 15 (6 subjects), without the word-generation paradigm in the same cohort, produced significant activation in the right inferior frontal gyrus (BA 44, 46) and in the left and right superior temporal gyri (BA 22, 42), respectively. Nevertheless, no activation was seen in the left inferior frontal gyrus. In addition, electrical stimulation of the adjacent non-acupoints did not produce any significant brain activation. Although our results support the notion of acupoint-brain activation, applying acupuncture at SJ 8 or Du 15 does not activate the typical language areas in the left inferior frontal cortex.  
  Address The Jockey Club Magnetic Resonance Imaging Engineering Centre, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; The Jockey Club Magnetic Resonance Imaging Engineering Centre, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12599282 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1653  
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Author Vickland, V.; Rogers, C.; Craig, A.; Tran, Y. openurl 
  Title Electrodermal activity as a possible physiological marker for acupuncture Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication Complement Ther Clin Pract Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages 83-89  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Electrodermal Activity; Eda; Skin Potentials; Rct; Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract Change in amplitude of skin potential is one of the physiological indicators of electrodermal activity (EDA) and has been associated with the onset of a variety of sensory, cognitive and emotional stimuli. This study investigated the EDA physiological response to manual acupuncture. A group of 60 healthy female volunteers were recruited into the study of which 30 were randomly assigned to a control group (no acupuncture) and 30 to the experimental group (received acupuncture). The experimental group attended three sessions in which acupuncture intervention consisting of unilateral manual stimulation of acupuncture points LU7 and KD6. Results showed that the insertion, stimulation and withdrawal of the acupuncture needles were associated with significant changes in EDA. The insertion of the needle was associated with the highest change in skin potential while the three consecutive manipulations of the needles showed a decline in EDA amplitude, thought to be consistent with physiological habituation. Anxiety level and previous familiarity with acupuncture did not influence outcomes. It is postulated that the change in EDA during needle insertion is non-specific to the type and the function of acupuncture points; however, EDA response may be associated with the precise location of the acupuncture point. If further studies confirm such findings, then EDA may become a valuable physiological marker for the acupuncture phenomenon.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, University of Technology, Sydney NSW 2007, Australia. victor.vickland@unsw.edu.au; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=18396251 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1656  
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Author Vincent, C.A.; Richardson, P.H.; Black, J.J.; Pither, C.E. openurl 
  Title The significance of needle placement site in acupuncture Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1989 Publication J Psychosom Res Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 489-496  
  Keywords Acupuncture Therapy/*methods; Adolescent; Adult; Anesthesiology; Female; Foot; Hand; Humans; Leg; Male; Sensation  
  Abstract Traditional acupuncturists claim that correct needling of classical acupuncture loci is associated with a characteristic set of sensations usually referred to as 'Teh Chi'. The studies reported here examine this claim. In the first a multiple adjective sensation rating scale was developed and administered to 125 patients receiving acupuncture treatment. The results were subjected to principal components analysis and the first factor to emerge provided some support for the constellation of sensations corresponding to Teh Chi. In the second study the scale was used in a randomised controlled mixed single/double blind experiment in which 65 volunteers were stimulated at three classical and three non-classical (sham) needling sites by either a trained acupuncturist (single blind) or an anaesthetist (double blind). The results of the second study did not support the contention that the sensations of Teh Chi occur more frequently at classical acupuncture needling sites. The implications of the results for the practice of acupuncture are discussed.  
  Address Department of Psychology, University College, London, U.K.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Journal of psychosomatic research Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Article to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 5/22/2015; Priority: Normal; Department of Psychology, University College, London, U.K.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=2795521 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1657  
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Author Willer, J.C.; Roby, A.; Boulu, P.; Boureau, F. openurl 
  Title Comparative effects of electroacupuncture and transcutaneous nerve stimulation on the human blink reflex Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1982 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 14 Issue 3 Pages 267-278  
  Keywords Acupuncture Therapy/*methods; Adult; *Blinking/drug effects; Electric Stimulation; Electric Stimulation Therapy/*methods; Electromyography; Facial Nerve/physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Muscle Contraction/drug effects; Naloxone/pharmacology; Nociceptors/*physiology; Orbit/innervation; Sensory Thresholds; Trigeminal Nerve/physiology  
  Abstract The effects of low frequency (2 Hz) high intensity (10-12 mA) (electroacupuncture, EA) and of high frequency (100 Hz) low intensity (2 mA) (transcutaneous nerve stimulation, TNS) conditioning stimuli were studied on the nociceptive component (R2) of the blink reflex in normal volunteers. EA induced a progressive and moderate partially naloxone-reversible depression in the R2 response. In contrast, TNS induced a rapid and major depression in this reflex. In this latter case, naloxone failed to produce any reversal effect. These two patterns of data are discussed and further electrophysiological studies provide some evidence for two different mechanisms in the depressive effects of EA and TNS upon the nociceptive component of the blink reflex in man.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 5/22/2015; Priority: Normal; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=6984165 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1661  
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Author Woo, Y.M.; Lee, M.S.; Nam, Y.; Cho, H.J.; Shin, B.C. openurl 
  Title Effects of contralateral electroacupuncture on brain function: a double-blind, randomized, pilot clinical trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication J Altern Complement Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 12 Issue 8 Pages 813-815  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Brain Function; Blind Spot; Rct; Acu Versus Acu; Acu Versus CAM Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to ascertain the effects of contralateral acupuncture on brain function using blind-spot mapping. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Forty (40) healthy volunteers in whom the right-side blind spot was larger than the left-side one-which indicates lower left-brain function-were randomly assigned into the following two groups in which electroacupuncture was applied to: (1) the contralateral ST36 acupuncture point (right side), and (2) the ipsilateral ST36 acupuncture point (left side). OUTCOME MEASURE: Blind-spot perimetry length was the outcome measure. RESULTS: Electroacupuncture to the contralateral side decreased the blind-spot perimetry length by 5.0 (-9.3 to 0.9) [median (interquartile range, IQR)], whereas that to the ipsilateral side increased the length by 4.5 (-3.7 to 7.8) [median, IQR]. There was significant difference in this length between the two groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that electroacupuncture application increased or decreased the brain function- as assessed by changes to the blind spot-depending on the treatment side: Contralateral-side treatment has a better effect than ipsilateral-side treatment on brain function. However, further randomized studies that include both right- and left-side-enlarged subjects with a sham needle are needed to convincingly show the effects of contralateral acupuncture on brain function.  
  Address Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, National Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 6/25/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, National Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17034288 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1662  
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Author Yin, L.; Jin, X.; Qiao, W.; Sun, J.; Shi, X.; Tian, J.; Yin, D.; Yao, S.; Shao, M.; Zeng, H.; Shan, B.; Tang, Y.; Zhu, K. openurl 
  Title PET imaging of brain function while puncturing the acupoint ST36 Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Chin Med J (Engl) Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 116 Issue 12 Pages 1836-1839  
  Keywords *Acupuncture; *Acupuncture Points; Adult; Brain/*physiology/*radionuclide imaging; Glucose/metabolism; Humans; Male; *Tomography, Emission-Computed  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the experimental method of obtaining position emission tonogiaphy (PET) imaging evidence of changes in cerebral function by puncturing the Stomach 36 (ST36, Zusanli) acupoint. METHODS: Data on changes of cerebral glycometabolism were obtained from six healthy male volunteers with positron emission tomography. Visual experimental evidence, as well as statistical parametric mapping (SPM), was gathered while puncturing the ST36 (Zusanli, right leg) acupoint. RESULTS: There was increased glycometabolism in the hypothalamus, head of the caudate nucleus, temporal lobe, the sinistral cerebellum, postcentral gyrus, and brain stem while the acupoint ST36 was being punctured. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture on ST36 can lead to increase in glycometabolism in the vegetative nerve centers, which is correlated with gastric function. Visual experimental evidence of ST36 acupuncturing on functional gastrointestinal disorder was obtained in our study.  
  Address Neuroinformatics Center, PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China. yinling1955@sina.com  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
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  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Article to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 5/22/2015; Priority: Normal; Neuroinformatics Center, PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China. yinling1955@sina.com; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=14687469 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1664  
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Author Zeisler, H.; Eppel, W.; Husslein, P.; Bernaschek, G.; Deutinger, J. openurl 
  Title Influence of acupuncture on Doppler ultrasound in pregnant women Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2001 Publication Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 17 Issue 3 Pages 229-232  
  Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Adult; Female; Humans; Pilot Projects; Pregnancy; Regional Blood Flow; *Ultrasonography, Doppler; *Ultrasonography, Prenatal; Umbilical Arteries/*physiology  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of acupuncture on the blood flow in the umbilical artery (UA), fetal aorta and uterine artery and on the fetal heart rate using two different acupuncture points (SP-6 (Sanyinjiao) and LI-4 (Hegu)). METHODS: In group A (n = 50), measurements (Doppler ultrasound and fetal heart rate) were performed at term after an uneventful pregnancy (#1) followed by acupuncture treatment using the acupuncture-point SP-6 bilaterally. The treatment time lasted 15 min after which the next measurement (#2) was carried out. The needles were then inserted into the LI-4 acupuncture point for a further 15 min. A third measurement at the end of acupuncture treatment (#3) completed the session. In group B (n = 25), measurements were made before (#1) and after (#4) acupuncture at LI-4 acupuncture points only. RESULTS: In group A, the mean systolic/diastolic (S/D) ratios of UA #1, UA #2 and UA #3 were 2.45, 2.38 and 2.22, respectively (P = 0.0012). The difference in mean S/D ratios between UA #1 and UA #3 as well as that between UA #2 and UA#3 were statistically significant (P = 0.0002 and P = 0.008, respectively). There was no difference between the mean S/D ratios of the uterine artery and between the mean resistance indices of the fetal aorta. In group B, the only significant difference between measurements following acupuncture treatment was in fetal heart rate (139 vs. 143 bpm, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Our study indicates a positive influence of acupuncture treatment on umbilical artery waveforms when using a combination of SP-6 (Sanyinjiao) and LI-4 (Hegu) acupuncture points. Acupuncture performed at these sites either individually or in combination does not seem to affect blood flow in the fetal aorta or uterine artery.  
  Address Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna, General Hospital Vienna, Austria. harald.zeisler@akh-wien.ac.at  
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  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Article to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/22/2015; Date Modified: 5/22/2015; Priority: Normal; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna, General Hospital Vienna, Austria. harald.zeisler@akh-wien.ac.at; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11309173 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1665  
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Author Hwang, D.S.; Kim, H.K.; Seo, J.C.; Shin, I.H.; Kim, D.H.; Kim, Y.S. openurl 
  Title Sympathomodulatory effects of Saam acupuncture on heart rate variability in night-shift-working nurses Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Complement Ther Med Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 19 Suppl 1 Issue S33 Pages S33-40 LID - 10.1016/j.c  
  Keywords  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effects of Saam (traditional Korean) acupuncture on the autonomic nervous system in night-shift nurses using power-spectral heart-rate variability (HRV) analysis. METHODS: This study had a 2 x 4 cross-over design with a series of six (n = 1) controlled trials. Six night-shift nurses were randomly divided into two groups, and each nurse received four acupuncture treatments on the third day of night-shift work. One group started with Saam acupuncture (gallbladder jeonggyeok), while the other started with sham acupuncture. Saam acupuncture and sham acupuncture were applied in turn. HRV was measured before and after treatment. For statistical analysis, the results of the two groups were combined, and a Bayesian model was used to compare the changes in HRV values before and after treatment, between Saam and sham acupuncture. RESULTS: As the ratio of low- to high-frequency power (LF/HF) for HRV increased on the third day of night-shift work in the pilot study, HRV measurements were made on the third day. Compared with sham acupuncture, Saam acupuncture reduced sympathetic activity; the overall median treatment effect estimate in LF normalised units decreased by -17.4 (confidence interval (CI): -26.67, -8.725) and that for LF/HF decreased by -1.691 (CI: -3.222, -0.3789). The overall median treatment effect estimate in HF normalised units increased by 17.41 (CI: 6.393, 27.13) with Saam acupuncture, suggesting an increase in parasympathetic activity. CONCLUSION: Saam acupuncture may attenuate the imbalance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activities induced by night-shift work in nurses.  
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  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 5/21/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Oriental Gynecology, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=21195293 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1673  
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Author Hubscher, M.; Vogt, L.; Ziebart, T.; Banzer, W. openurl 
  Title Immediate effects of acupuncture on strength performance: a randomized, controlled crossover trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Eur J Appl Physiol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 110 Issue 2 Pages 353-8 LID - 10.1007/s004  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The present study investigated the immediate efficacy of acupuncture compared to sham acupuncture and placebo laser acupuncture on strength performance. A total of 33 recreational athletes (25.2 +/- 2.8 years; 13 women) were randomized to receive acupuncture, sham acupuncture (needling at non-acupuncture points) and placebo laser acupuncture (deactivated laser device) in a double-blind crossover fashion with 1 week between trials. Assessment included bipedal drop jumps for maximum rebound height and quadriceps maximum isometric voluntary force (MIVF). Furthermore, surface electromyography (EMG) was used to measure the EMG activity of the rectus femoris muscle during a 30-s sustained MIVF of the knee extensors. Mean power frequency (MPF) analysis was applied to characterize muscular endurance. Measurements were performed at baseline and immediately after treatment by a blinded investigator. Repeated measures ANOVA and post hoc paired-sample t test with Bonferroni-Holm correction were used for statistical analysis. The difference in the mean change in MIVF from baseline between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham laser acupuncture (19.6 N) was statistically significant (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between acupuncture (46.6 N) and sham acupuncture (28.8 N). ANOVA did not show statistically significant treatment effects for drop jump height or MPF. The present study shows that a single acupuncture treatment was efficacious for improving isometric quadriceps strength in recreational athletes. These results might have implications not only for athletic performance enhancement, but also for rehabilitation programs aimed at restoring neuromuscular function.  
  Address Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany. m.huebscher@sport.uni-frankfurt.de  
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  Time in Treatment Condition
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  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 5/21/2015; Priority: Normal; Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany. m.huebscher@sport.uni-frankfurt.de; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=20499248 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1674  
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Author Hsiu, H.; Huang, S.M.; Chao, P.T.; Jan, M.Y.; Hsu, T.L.; Wang, W.K.; Wang, Y.Y. openurl 
  Title Microcirculatory characteristics of acupuncture points obtained by laser Doppler flowmetry Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Physiol Meas Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 28 Issue 10 Pages N77-86  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Nrct; Microcirculation; Laser Doppler Flowmetry; Acupuncture Points  
  Abstract Acupuncture points (acupoints) form part of the meridian system that constitutes the most fundamental concept in oriental medicine, but their physiological basis has not been clarified. In this study we employed laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) to extract the microcirculatory characteristics of acupoints and their surrounding tissues, and we interpreted the results from the viewpoint of microcirculatory physiology. Three groups of measurements were performed focusing on the following two important acupoints in oriental medicine in healthy volunteers (n = 13 for group A and n = 9 for groups B and C, respectively): Hoh-Ku (Li4, on the hand) and Ching-Ku (B64, on the foot). The two groups of measurements around Hoh-Ku (Groups A and B) were so designed as to examine the effect of the direction of the nonacupoint away from the acupoint, whereas comparison between the Hoh-Ku and the Ching-Ku measurements was to verify whether the phenomenon was consistent in the upper and the lower extremities. We found that the mean LDF signals were significantly larger at the acupoints than in their surrounding tissues (all p < 0.05), which indicates a larger blood supply into the microvascular beds of acupoints. The results indicate that the physical properties of the vascular structure of acupoints may affect the perfusion resistance, and thereby modulate the microcirculatory perfusion in accordance with tissue needs. This finding facilitates the localization of acupoints, helps in identifying the connection between microcirculatory physiology and responses to acupoint stimulation, and introduces an objective research method for understanding the mechanisms that underlie oriental medicine.  
  Address Department of Electrical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China. hhsiu@saturn.yzu.edu.tw  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 8/27/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Electrical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China. hhsiu@saturn.yzu.edu.tw; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17906382 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1676  
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Author Gentil, D.; Assumpcao, J.; Yamamura, Y.; Barros Neto, T. openurl 
  Title The effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on physical performance by sedentary subjects submitted to ergospirometric test on the treadmill Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication J Sports Med Phys Fitness Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 45 Issue 1 Pages 134-140  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Rct; Athletic Performance; Exercise; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Moxibustion; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control  
  Abstract AIM: Acupuncture and moxibustion are 2 therapeutic methods used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion in physical performance by an ergospirometry test. METHODS: Thirty-one subjects, sedentary, were randomized into 3 groups: Group I (Acupuncture); Group II (Acupuncture-Sham) and Group III (Control). They were submitted to anamnesis and an ergospirometry test. The subjects from Groups I and II were submitted to 10 acupuncture and moxibustion sessions, twice a week, for 5 weeks. The differences between the groups were that in Group I the acupuncture and moxibustion sessions were performed in acupoints and Group II in non acupoints. After this, the ergospirometry test was performed again. RESULTS: The acupuncture and moxibustion sessions did not increase maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) significantly. Other variables presented a significant increasing: oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold (VO2La); velocity in anaerobic threshold (Vel LA); caloric consumption (Gast Cal). The heart rate decreased when compared to velocity pre and post-treatment. The results show peripheral, afferent stimulation (acupuncture and moxibustion) could alter the functions of structures or internal organs. The decrease in heart rate and the significant improvement in oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold are similar to adaptations to physical training. Probably, the autonomic nervous system (mainly sympathetic system) is engaged in the acupuncture and moxibustion mechanism of action. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion decreased the heart rate during the ergospirometry test; the oxygen uptake in anaerobic threshold (VO2La); velocity in anaerobic threshold (Vel LA) and caloric consumption (Gast Cal) had significantly increased.  
  Address Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. danielgentil@yahoo.com  
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  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 10 Days Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 31  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Athletic Performance
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 9/22/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Athletic Performance; Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. danielgentil@yahoo.com; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=16208302 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1677  
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Author Downs, N.M.; Kirk, K.; MacSween, A. openurl 
  Title The effect of real and sham acupuncture on thermal sensation and thermal pain thresholds Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Arch Phys Med Rehabil Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 86 Issue 6 Pages 1252-1257  
  Keywords Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; Outcomes Research; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Unspecified Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of real and sham acupuncture and a control intervention on thermal sensation and thermal pain thresholds. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized controlled, repeated-measures trial. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen acupuncture-naive, healthy subjects with no history of upper-limb pathology or acupuncture contraindications. INTERVENTION: Subjects were randomly assigned (blind card allocation) to 1 of 6 possible orders of application of the interventions, which consisted of 25 minutes each of control, real, and sham acupuncture. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Thermal sensation and thermal pain thresholds measured with a thermal sensory analyzer before and after each intervention. RESULTS: There were increases in cold and hot pain and cold sensation thresholds with real acupuncture. The level of increase did not differ significantly from the changes that occurred with sham acupuncture and control interventions. CONCLUSIONS: Although we observed a trend toward a decreased sensitivity to thermal pain and thermal sensation with real acupuncture, this trend did not differ significantly from the changes with control or sham interventions. Therefore, no support was provided for analgesic or placebo effects of acupuncture. The trend, combined with the relatively low power of the inferential tests applied does, however, suggest that further research is merited.  
  Address Physiotherapy Subject Area, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University College, Leith Campus, Duke Street, Edinburgh EH6 8HF, Scotland, UK. nicky@nickydowns.freeserve.co.uk  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 18  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 8/6/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Physiotherapy Subject Area, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University College, Leith Campus, Duke Street, Edinburgh EH6 8HF, Scotland, UK. nicky@nickydowns.freeserve.co.uk; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15954068 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1678  
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Author de Sousa, R.A.; Semprini, M.; Vitti, M.; Borsatto, M.C.; Hallak Regalo, S.C. openurl 
  Title Electromyographic evaluation of the masseter and temporal muscles activity in volunteers submitted to acupuncture Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 47 Issue 4-5 Pages 243-250  
  Keywords Nrct; Healthy Subjects; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu  
  Abstract AIM: To assess the effect of acupuncture on the temporal and masseter muscles activity employing surface electromyography. METHODS: Thirty volunteers were evaluated according to three groups of acupuncture application: selected local points, selected points at distance and association of local and distant points. Bipolar surface electrodes were positioned bilaterally on the anterior portion of temporal muscle, as well as in the median region of masseter muscle. An electromyograph connected to a computer and a specific software registered the muscular activity before and after acupuncture, in the following experimental conditions: 1- Rest Position (RP); 2- Maximum Intercuspation Clenching (MIC); 3- Bilateral Molar Clenching with Cotton Rolls (BMCCR). The mean values obtained for the activities of the studied muscles were submitted to Analysis of Variance and Tukey complementary test. RESULTS: The electromyographic activity of the studied muscles was lower after the application of the methods of acupuncture in the Rest, and higher after the application of the acupuncture in the Maximum Intercuspation Clenching; the electromyographic activity of the temporal muscle was higher than the masseter muscle in the Rest and lower in the Bilateral molar clenching with cotton rolls; the electromyographic activity showed to be modified after the three used methods of acupuncture in the Maximum Intercuspation Clenching. In this clinical condition, the method of long-distance acupuncture was higher than the application of local needles and the associated method. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture provided alterations in the activity of the studied muscles, favoring conditions of rest and muscular tightness.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 8/27/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Department of Dental Materials and Prosthesis Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Brazil.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17711042 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1679  
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