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Author Acupuncture Research Resource Centre url  openurl
  Title Sports Injuries and Acupuncture: The Evidence for Effectiveness Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal Brit Acupun  
  Volume 11 A2 Issue Pages 1-18  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Wounds and Injuries; Sports Medicine; Systematic Review  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Sports Medicine
  Disease Category Systematic Review OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 3  
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Author Axelsson, A.; Andersson, S.; Gu, L. D. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the management of tinnitus: A placebo controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal Audiology  
  Volume 33 Issue Pages 351-360  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Sham TENS; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tinnitus; Verum Acupoint Control; Ear Diseases; Symptom Based Point Selection  
  Abstract The present study was performed on 20 patients randomly selected from a large group with noise-induced tinnitus in order to investigate the effect of acupuncture on their tinnitus. The patients were divided into two groups. One group first received classical Chinese needle acupuncture for 5 weeks, and the other was given a placebo procedure; after a 2-week interval, the procedures were reversed. A single-blind cross-over design was used. Acupuncture was given by a Chinese otolaryngologist around the ear as well as at distal points on the extremities. Placebo consisted of mock electrical stimulation via surface electrodes connected to a Chinese electro-acupuncture stimulator which delivered a weak sound and a light flash at a frequency of 2 Hz but no current to the surface electrodes. The effect was evaluated by the use of visual analogue scales. No significant difference between acupuncture and placebo was found in annoyance, awareness or loudness of the tinnitus. Many patients indicated a preference for acupuncture due to unspecific effects such as improved sleep, decreased muscle tension and improved blood circulation. It is concluded that acupuncture has no specific alleviating effect on noise-induced tinnitus.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 15  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Tinnitus
  Disease Category Ear Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 47  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bao, Y. H.; Feng, W.; zhu, G.; Zou, C.; Gong, Y.; Ji, C.; Li, J. openurl 
  Title A Randomized and Comparative Study on Vascular Dementia Treated by Needling Remaining at Head Points Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 12-17  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Dementia; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Scalp Electroacupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dementia, Vascular  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments 40  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Dementia, Vascular
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 62  
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Author Bjordal, J. M.; Johnson, M. I.; Lopes-Martins, R. A.; Bogen, B.; Chow, R.; Ljunggren, A. E. url  openurl
  Title Short-term efficacy of physical interventions in osteoarthritic knee pain. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal BMC Musculoskelet Disord  
  Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 51-  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Electroacupuncture; Laser Acupuncture; Magnets; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; Systematic Review; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; TENS; Meta-Analysis  
  Abstract ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Treatment efficacy of physical agents in osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) pain has been largely unknown, and this systematic review was aimed at assessing their short-term efficacies for pain relief. Aims and methods: Systematic review with meta-analysis of efficacy within 1-4 weeks and 5-12 weeks. RESULTS: 36 randomised placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) were identified with 2434 patients where 1391 patients received active treatment. 33 trials satisfied three or more out of five methodological criteria (Jadad scale). The patient sample had a mean age of 65.1 years and mean baseline pain of 62.9 mm on a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). Within 4 weeks of the commencement of treatment manual acupuncture, static magnets and ultrasound therapies did not offer statistically significant short-term pain relief over placebo. Pulsed electromagnetic fields offered a small reduction in pain of 6.9 mm [95% CI: 2.2 to 11.6] (n=487). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS, including interferential currents), electro-acupuncture (EA) and low level laser therapy (LLLT) offered clinically relevant pain relieving effects of 18.8 mm [95% CI: 9.6 to 28.1] (n=414), 21.9 mm [95% CI: 17.3 to 26.5] (n=73) and 17.7 mm[95% CI: 8.1 to 27.3] (n=343) on VAS respectively versus placebo control. In a subgroup analysis of trials with assumed optimal doses, short-term efficacy increased to 22.2 mm [95% CI: 18.1 to 26.3] for TENS, and 24.2 mm [95% CI: 17.3 to 31.3] for LLLT on VAS. Follow-up data up to 12 weeks were sparse, but positive effects seemed to persist for at least 4 weeks after the course of LLLT, EA and TENS treatment was stopped. CONCLUSION: TENS, EA and LLLT administered with optimal doses in an intensive 2-4 week treatment regimen, seem to offer clinically relevant short-term pain relief for OAK  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Osteoarthritis,Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 76  
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Author Bo, Q.; Zhang, J. openurl 
  Title Observation on Therapeutic Effects of Scalp Acupuncture Analgesia on Childbirth Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 6-8  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Women's Health; Labor Pain; Analgesia, Obstetrical; Labor, Obstetric  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 70  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Analgesia, Obstetrical
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 80  
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Author Bu, Y. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture Combined with Massage for Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis of Vertebral Artery Type Type of Study RCT
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 4 Issue 6 Pages 44-46  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Massage; Neck Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Spondylosis;  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 96  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Spondylosis
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score 48  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 94  
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Author Bullock, M. L.; Kiresuk, T. J.; Sherman, R. E.; Lenz, S. K.; Culliton, P. D.; Boucher, T. A.; Nolan, C. J. url  openurl
  Title A large randomized placebo controlled study of auricular acupuncture for alcohol dependence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 71-77  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract We report clinical data on the efficacy of acupuncture for alcohol dependence. 503 patients whose primary substance of abuse was alcohol participated in this randomized, single blind, placebo controlled trial. Patients were assigned to either specific acupuncture, nonspecific acupuncture, symptom based acupuncture or convention treatment alone. Alcohol use was assessed, along with depression, anxiety, functional status, and preference for therapy. This article will focus on results pertaining to alcohol use. Significant improvement was shown on nearly all measures. There were few differences associated with treatment assignment and there were no treatment differences on alcohol use measures, although 49% of subjects reported acupuncture reduced their desire for alcohol. The placebo and preference for treatment measures did not materially effect the results. Generally, acupuncture was not found to make a significant contribution over and above that achieved by conventional treatment alone in reduction of alcohol use  
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  Language Number of Treatments 18  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 503  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 70  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 99  
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Author Carlsson, C. P.; Axemo, P.; al, Bodin A et url  openurl
  Title Manual acupuncture reduces hyperemesis gravidarum: A placebo-controlled, randomized, single-blind, cross-over study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Pain Symptom Manage  
  Volume 20 Issue Pages 273-279  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Emesis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Hyperemesis Gravidarum; Penetrating Sham; Morning Sickness; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Vomiting; Women's Health; Pregnancy Complications  
  Abstract Hyperemesis gravidarum, severe vomiting, develops in about 1-2% of all pregnancies. Acupuncture on the point PC6 above the wrist on the palmar side has been found to prevent some types of nausea and vomiting. The purpose of the present study was to see if acupuncture, in addition to standard treatment, could hasten the improvement of hyperemesis gravidarum. Thirty-three women with hyperemesis were evaluated in a randomized, single-blind, crossover comparison of two methods of acupuncture, active (deep) PC6 acupuncture or placebo (superficial) acupuncture. The women estimated their degree of nausea on a visual analogue scale (VAS). The daily number of emesis episodes were documented. Crossover analyses showed that there was a significantly faster reduction of nausea VAS and more women who stopped vomiting after active acupuncture than after placebo acupuncture. This study suggests that active PC6 acupuncture, in combination with standard treatment, could make women with hyperemesis gravidarum better faster than placebo acupuncture  
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  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 1 Week Condition Hyperemesis Gravidarum
  Disease Category Pregnancy Complications OCSI Score 74  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 114  
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Author Carlsson, J.; Wedel, A.; Carlsson, G. E.; Blomstrand, C. url  openurl
  Title Tension Headache and signs and symptoms of craniomandibular disorders treated with acupuncture or physiotherapy Type of Study RCT
  Year 1990 Publication Abbreviated Journal The Pain Clinic  
  Volume 3 Issue 4 Pages 229-238  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Craniomandibular Disorders; Physical Therapy; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Educational; Usual Care Control, Physical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Temporomandibular Joint Disorders; Tension-Type Headache; TMJ; Stomatognathic Diseases; TMD  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 62  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Craniomandibular Disorders
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 118  
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Author Cheuk, D.; Wong, V. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for epilepsy Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal Cochrane Database Syst Rev  
  Volume Issue 2 Pages CD005062-  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Epilepsy; Herbal Formula; Systematic Review; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Seizures are poorly controlled in many people with epilepsy despite adequate current antiepileptic treatments. There is increasing interest in alternative therapies such as acupuncture; however, it remains unclear whether the existing evidence is rigorous enough to support the use of acupuncture. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in people with epilepsy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Epilepsy Group's Specialized Register (June 2005) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library Issue 3, 2005). We also searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, TCMLARS, China Biological Medicine Database, Chinese Acupuncture Trials Register, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, and National Institute of Health Clinical Trials Database from inception to June 2005. Reference lists from relevant trials were reviewed. No language restrictions were imposed. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials evaluating any form of acupuncture involving people of any age with any type of epilepsy were included. Trials included were those comparing acupuncture with placebo, sham or no treatment; or comparing acupuncture plus other treatments with the same other treatments. Trials that only compared different acupuncture methods or compared acupuncture alone with other treatments were excluded. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently extracted trial data and assessed trial quality using the Jadad score. Relative risk (RR) was used for binary data and weighted mean difference for continuous data, and 95% confidence intervals are given. Where possible, analyses were by intention to treat. MAIN RESULTS: Three small trials of varying methodological quality and with short follow up met the inclusion criteria. Two studied children in China and one studied adults in Norway. The two Chinese studies compared acupuncture plus Chinese herbs with Chinese herbs alone while the Norwegian study compared acupuncture with sham acupuncture. The two Chinese studies found that more children treated with acupuncture achieved 75% or greater reduction in seizure frequency (RR 1.52, 95% CI 1.12 to 2.05) and seizure duration (RR 2.38, 95% CI 1.13 to 5) with a significant 50% or greater reduction in seizure duration (RR 1.36, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.73). However, the two trials were of low quality without adequate description of randomisation method, concealment of randomisation or blinding. On the other hand, the higher quality Norwegian trial found that acupuncture did not improve the mean seizure frequency, seizure-free weeks, or quality of life in adults. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence does not support acupuncture as a treatment for epilepsy. Much larger high quality clinical trials employing appropriate controls are needed  
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  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Epilepsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 168  
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Author Cheuk, D.; Yeung, W.; Chung, K.; Wong, V. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for insomnia Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal Cochrane Database Syst Rev  
  Volume Issue 3 Pages CD005472-  
  Keywords Acupuncture; Insomnia; Meta-Analysis; Systematic Review; Nervous System Diseases; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder; AcuTrials  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Although conventional non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments for insomnia are effective in many people, alternative therapies such as acupuncture are still widely practiced. However, it remains unclear whether the existing evidence is rigorous enough to support its use. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in people with insomnia. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Dissertation Abstracts International, CINAHL, AMED (the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), TCMLARS (Traditional Chinese Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System), National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, the National Institute of Health Clinical Trials Database, the Chinese Acupuncture Trials Register, the Trials Register of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, from inception to 2006, and the sleep bibliography, which is available at www.websciences.org/bibliosleep. We searched reference lists of retrieved articles, and contacted trial authors and experts in the field for information on ongoing/completed trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials evaluating any form of acupuncture involving participants of any age with any type of insomnia were included. Included trials compared acupuncture with placebo or sham or no treatment, or acupuncture plus other treatments compared with the same other treatments. Trials that compared only acupuncture methods or compared acupuncture alone against other treatments alone were excluded, since they did not yield the net effect of acupuncture. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed quality according to a set of criteria for risk of selection bias, performance bias, attrition bias and detection bias. Relative risk (RR) and standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals were used for binary and continuous outcomes respectively. Data were combined in meta-analyses (on an intention-to-treat basis), where more than one trial without significant clinical heterogeneity presented the same outcome. MAIN RESULTS: Seven trials met the inclusion criteria. The studies included 590 participants with insomnia, of whom 56 dropped out. Participant age ranged from 15 to 98 years, and the duration of insomnia varied from 6 months to 19 years. Co-existing medical conditions contributing to insomnia included stroke, end-stage renal disease and pregnancy. Apart from conventional needle acupuncture, different variants of acupuncture such as acupressure, auricular magnetic and seed therapy, and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) were evaluated. Meta-analysis was limited because of considerable heterogeneity between comparison groups and between outcome measures.Based on the findings from individual trials, the review suggested that acupuncture and acupressure may help to improve sleep quality scores when compared to placebo (SMD = -1.08, 95% CI = -1.86 to -0.31, p=0.006) or no treatment (SMD -0.55, 95% CI = -0.89 to -0.21, p=0.002). TEAS also resulted in better sleep quality score in one trial (SMD = -0.74, 95% CI = -1.22 to -0.26, p=0.003). However, the efficacy of acupuncture or its variants was inconsistent between studies for many sleep parameters, such as sleep onset latency, total sleep duration and wake after sleep onset. The combined result from three studies reporting subjective insomnia improvement showed that acupuncture or its variants was not more significantly effective than control (RR = 1.66, 95% CI = 0.68 to -4.03) and significant statistical heterogeneity was observed. Only one study reported an adverse event, with one out of 16 patients (6.3%) withdrawing from acupuncture because of pain. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The small number of randomised controlled trials, together with the poor methodological quality and significant clinical heterogeneity, means that the current evidence is not sufficiently extensive or rigorous to support the use of any form of acupuncture for the treatment of insomnia. Larger high quality clinical trials employing appropriate randomisation concealment and blinding with longer follow-up are needed to further investigate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of insomnia  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorder
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 169  
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Author Co, L. L.; Schmitz, T. H.; Havdala, H.; Reyes, A.; Westerman, M. P. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture: an evaluation in the painful crises of sickle cell anaemia Type of Study RCT
  Year 1979 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 181-185  
  Keywords Anemia, Sickle Cell; Miscellaneous; Hematologic Diseases; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acu Versus Acu; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Pain; AcuTrials  
  Abstract An evaluation of acupuncture for pain relief was made in 10 patients with sickle cell anaemia during 16 pain crises. A model was developed in which the patient served as his own control and in which both patient and examiner were unaware of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated. The results show (1) that pain relief was obtained in 15 of the 16 painful episodes regardless of whether an acupuncture point or a sham site was treated, demonstrating considerable overlap between the effects of needling acupuncture points and sham sites; (2) that needling at acupuncture points for pain relief is not significantly superior to treatment at sham sites; (3) that needling, per se, whether at acupuncture points of at sham sites can be useful for alleviating pain in sickle cell crises. The model could be useful for evaluation of pain relief by needling in other diseases.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Anemia, Sickle Cell
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 200  
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Author Cottraux, J.; Schbath, J.; Messy, P.; Mollard, E.; Juenet, C.; Collet, L. url  openurl
  Title Predictive value of MMPI scales on smoking cessation programs outcomes Type of Study RCT
  Year 1986 Publication Acta psychiatrica Belgica Abbreviated Journal Acta Psychiatr Belg  
  Volume 86 Issue 4 Pages 463-469  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance-Related Disorders; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract Five hundred and fifty-eight cigarette smokers were randomized in 4 groups: acupuncture, behavior therapy, placebo and waiting list. The MMPI scales showed stability across pretest, posttest and a one-year follow-up. Principal components analysis isolated a “depression-psychasthenia” factor accounting for 61% of the variance. Moreover 43% of the subjects had an abnormal MMPI profile. Segmentation isolated predictive factors: a high number of pathological MMPI scales predicted failures in any kind of treatment. Acupuncture yielded better outcomes when the profiles were normal. Behavior therapy and placebo had better outcomes when the anxiety index was abnormal. The study underscores the role of personality factors in tobacco addiction and their influence on cessation programs outcomes.  
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  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 560  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 208  
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Author Darbandi, S.; Darbandi, M.; Mokarram, P.; Owji, A. A.; Zhao, B.; Ghayor-Mobarhan, M.; Abdi, H.; Saberfiroozi, M.; Nematy, M.; Safarian, M.; Parizadeh, M. R.; Shakeri, M. T.; Soukhtanloo, M.; Abbasi, P.; Salehmoghadam, M.; Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, M.; F url  openurl
  Title Effects of body electroacupuncture on plasma leptin concentrations in obese and overweight people in iran: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Alternative therapies in health and medicine Abbreviated Journal Altern Ther Health Med  
  Volume 19 Issue 2 Pages 24-31  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases; Obesity; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Weight Loss  
  Abstract Background * The prevalence of obesity, a major public health problem, is increasing in many countries, including Iran. Leptin, a peptide hormone that is released from adipocytes, is a major factor in appetite regulation. Levels of plasma leptin increase with increased body fat mass (BFM). Research has found acupuncture to be effective both in weight loss and suppression of appetite. Although a few studies have reported the effect of body and ear acupuncture on leptin levels, researchers have performed few studies on the effect of body electroacupuncture in humans. Objective * The research team examined the effects of body electroacupuncture and a low-calorie diet on plasma leptin in obese and overweight individuals with an excess (phlegm-dampness or phlegm-heat) or deficiency (spleen/stomach qi deficiency or primary qi deficiency) pattern according to Chinese medicine. Design * The research team randomly assigned participants to one of two groups, intervention or control. Setting * This study occurred in the nutritional clinic at Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Participants * Participants were individuals (N = 86) between 18 and 65 years of age with body mass indexes (BMI) between 25 and 45 kg/m2. Intervention * The intervention group (n = 47) received actual electroacupuncture, and the control group (n = 47) received sham acupuncture. Both groups consumed a low-calorie diet for 6 weeks. Outcome Measures * The research team measured plasma leptin, BFM, body weight (BW), and BMI before and after treatment. Results * For participants in the intervention group with both the excess and the deficiency patterns, the research team found a significant reduction in plasma leptin (24.96%, P = .001) and BFM (8.29%, P = .001). In the control group, the team found a less significant reduction in leptin and BFM. The difference between the two groups was significant for leptin (P = .03) but not for BFM (P = .8). Conclusions * While body electroacupuncture with a low-calorie diet can reduce plasma leptin concentration, the mechanism will require further clarification.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 94  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Obesity
  Disease Category Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 222  
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Author David, J.; Modi, S.; Aluko, A.A.et al url  openurl
  Title Chronic neck pain: A comparison of acupuncture treatment and physiotherapy Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal Brit J Rheumatol  
  Volume 37 Issue Pages 1118-2230  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Neck Pain; Pain; Physical Therapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Physical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture, as compared with physiotherapy, in the management of chronic neck pain. DESIGN: Seventy adult patients with non-inflammatory neck pain of >6 weeks duration and with no abnormal neurology were randomly assigned to receive either of the treatments. Thirty-five patients were included in each group. OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain by visual analogue scale and neck pain questionnaire, improvement in range of movement of neck relative to baseline, and well-being (general health questionnaire). Measurements were recorded at the start of treatment, at 6 weeks and at 6 months. RESULTS: Both treatment groups improved in all criteria. Acupuncture was slightly more effective in patients who had higher baseline pain scores. CONCLUSIONS: Both acupuncture and physiotherapy are effective forms of treatment. Since an untreated control group was not part of the study design, the magnitude of this improvement cannot be quantified  
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  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 70  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Neck Pain
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score 56  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 223  
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Author DiLorenzo, L.; Traballesi, M.; Morelli, D.; Pompa, A.; Brunelli, S.; Formisano, R. openurl 
  Title Hemiparetic Shoulder Pain Syndrome Treated with Deep Dry Needling During Early Rehabilitation: A Prospective, Open-Label, Randomized Investigation Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain  
  Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 25-34  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; CVA; Dry Needling; Dry Needling, With Acupuncture Needle; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Shoulder Pain; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Stroke; Symptom Based Point Selection; Trigger Point Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 day Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 101  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Shoulder Pain
  Disease Category Shoulder Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 248  
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Author Dowson, D. I.; Lewith, G. T.; Machin, D. url  openurl
  Title The effects of acupuncture versus placebo in the treatment of headache Type of Study RCT
  Year 1985 Publication Abbreviated Journal Pain  
  Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 35-42  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Migraine; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Sham TENS; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Headache Disorders;  
  Abstract Forty-eight patients were entered into a placebo (mock TNS) versus acupuncture study to assess the effect of these therapies on headache. Treatment was evaluated by the use of patient diaries; each patient completed a daily diary for 4 weeks prior to treatment during 6 weeks of therapy and for 24 weeks of follow-up. Thirty-nine patients completed treatment and follow-up. At most acupuncture appears to be approximately 20% more effective than a placebo in alleviating headache but no statistically significant difference between these two treatments could be demonstrated. The implications of this result particularly with respect to determining treatment success and study method employed are discussed  
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  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 48  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Headache
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 260  
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Author Duan, G.; He, J.; Zeng, Z. openurl 
  Title Comparison of effects of acupuncture on cerebral infarction in different parts Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal World J Acupunct-Moxibustion  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 3-7  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Brain Injuries; Cerebral Infarction; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Stroke  
  Abstract Stable cerebral infarction patients were separated into cerebral surface infarction and deep infarction on the basis of symptoms and CT scans and randomized to acupuncture and control groups (treated with usual care and drugs). There were 31 surface and 61 deep infarctions, and patients were evaluated by a national Chinese Medical Association clinical effects scale. The clinical injury score for all 92 patients dropped 12 points with acupuncture vs 6 points for controls (22-23 baseline) with 11/16 markedly improved with acupunc ture in the surface infarct group and 10/31 with deep infarction, vs 0 of 15 and 0 of 30 controls, respectively. Scalp acupuncture demonstrated definite effectiveness, but less when the infarction is deep near the ventricles and internal capsule. Acupuncture enhances cerebral blood flow and tissue metabolism, but less abundant collateral circulation is available for the region of deep infarcts. CT scans showed the superficial infarct area reduced after I month of daily acupuncture, but the deep infarct reduction was limited.  
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  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Cerebral Infarction
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 264  
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Author Duan, G.; He, J.; Zeng, Z.; Tang, Q.; Sun, S. url  openurl
  Title Comparison of Effects of Acupuncture on Cerebral Infarction in Different Parts Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal World J Acupunct-Moxibustion  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 3-7  
  Keywords Cerebral Infarction; Stroke; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; AcuTrials;  
  Abstract 92 cases of acute cerebral infarction confirmed by CT were assigned to cerebral hemisphere surface infarction group and cerebral hemisphere deep infarction group according to infarction parts. The two groups were further divided randomly into acupuncture groups and simple drug control groups, respectively, i.e, surface infarction acupuncture group, surface infarction control group, deep infarction acupuncture group and deep infarction control group. Changes of nervous function before and after treatment were investigated in the 4 groups. Results indicated that acupuncture treatment had a definite therapeutic effect on acute cerebral infarction, but it had different effects on cerebral infarction of different parts, that is, the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on cerebral suface infarction was superior to that on deep infarction. It is suggested that effects of acupuncture are related closely with the infarction part.  
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  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 92  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Cerebral Infarction
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 265  
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Author Dundee, J. W.; Ghaly, G.; Fitzpatrick, K. T. openurl 
  Title Randomised comparison of the antiemetic effects of metoclopramide and electro-acupuncture in cancer chemotherapy Type of Study RCT
  Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal Proc BPS  
  Volume 6 Issue 1 Pages 678-678  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Electroacupuncture; Emesis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Nausea; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Vomiting; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting  
  Abstract  
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  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 272  
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