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Author Beal, M. W.; Nield-Anderson, L. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for symptom relief in HIV-positive adults: lessons learned from a pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Abbreviated Journal Altern Ther Health Med  
  Volume 6 Issue 5 Pages 33-42  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; HIV Infections; Penetrating Sham; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; HIV Infections  
  Abstract CONTEXT: Although acupuncture is used by many people with HIV disease as a complementary treatment to Western medicine, there is a lack of scientifically sound research on patient responses and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of conducting a larger study investigating the efficacy of acupuncture on symptom distress, psychological distress, and quality of life in HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN: This pilot study used a block randomization, single-blinded design. SETTING: Yale University General Clinical Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven HIV-positive participants. INTERVENTION: Patients were grouped by CD4 cell counts and received acupuncture treatments twice each week for 3 weeks. The experimental group received a protocol with 2 components: one tailored to the individual's symptoms and a second standardized component treatment designed to promote health and immune function. The control-needling group received a standardized acupuncture involving stimulation of acupuncture points identified as “clinically irrelevant” in treating the conditions under investigation (i.e., acupuncture points that have consistently not been cited as helpful for symptoms of relevant conditions or immune disorders). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The HIV-Symptom List was administered to gather data on symptom distress, the Brief Symptom Inventory was used to gather data on psychological distress, and the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection was administered to collect data on quality of life. RESULTS: Preliminary data from small numbers of participants showed trends toward improvement in symptoms and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: A follow-up pilot study will focus on the use of acupuncture to relieve gastrointestinal symptoms in people with HIV  
  Address Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Conn., USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 11  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition HIV Infections
  Disease Category HIV Infections OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 63  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bearn, J.; Swami, A.; Stewart, D.; Atnas, C.; Giotto, L.; Gossop, M. url  openurl
  Title Auricular acupuncture as an adjunct to opiate detoxification treatment: Effects on withdrawal symptoms Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Heroin Dependence; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupressure; Sham Control; Sham Acupoint Control; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Opioid-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract It was hypothesized that auricular acupuncture would lead to reduced severity of opiate withdrawal symptoms and craving when provided as an adjunct to methadone detoxification. The study used a randomized, placebo-controlled study design. The sample consisted of 83 drug misusers who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria for opiate dependence. Daily measures of withdrawal severity and craving were taken using the Short Opiate Withdrawal Scale and an eight-item craving questionnaire. Urine screening was used as an objective assessment of treatment adherence. The study hypothesis was not confirmed. Auricular acupuncture had no effect upon withdrawal severity or craving when provided as an adjunct to a standard methadone detoxification treatment. The results are consistent with the findings of other studies that failed to find any effect of acupuncture in the treatment of drug dependence. The failure to find any clinical gains from the adjunctive use of auricular acupuncture during detoxification from opiates raises concerns about the widespread acceptance of this intervention  
  Address Wickham Park House (Drug Dependence Unit), Bethlem Royal Hospital, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, UK; National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London SE5 4AF, UK  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 93  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Opioid-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 64  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Beith, J.; Oh, B.; Chatfield, M.; Davis, E.; Venkateswaran, R openurl 
  Title Electroacupuncture for Nausea, Vomiting, and Myelosuppression in Women Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Early Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Medical Acupuncture Abbreviated Journal Med Acupunct  
  Volume 24 Issue 4 Pages 241-248  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Vomiting; Nausea; Neoplasms; Breast Neoplasms; Breast Cancer; Chemotherapy Side Effects; RCT; Pilot Study; Acu + Usual Care Versus Sham + Usual Care; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Verum Acupoint Control; Cancer  
  Abstract Background: Acupuncture has been demonstrated as an effective way to control nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy but has not been tested in conjunction with optimal use of antiemetic medication.

Objective: The goal of this study was to explore the feasibility and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) for women with breast cancer, who were receiving chemotherapy.

Design: The study was a randomized controlled pilot trial.

Setting: This trial was conducted at a medical oncology clinic at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Patients: Thirty-two women with breast cancer were recruited from a medical oncology clinic between March 2008 and July 2009.

Intervention: The intervention tested was true EA versus sham EA.

Main Outcome Measures: The study tested the effect of EA on women with breast cancer who were receiving chemotherapy, with respect to nausea, vomiting, and blood cell counts.

Results: All but 2 participants completed EA treatment; these two dropouts were 1 from the true EA group and 1 from the sham EA group. No adverse effects of EA were reported. There was no significant difference in nausea and vomiting between the groups. However, there were significant differences in adjusted white blood-cell and neutrophil counts at week 6 in the true EA group, compared to the sham EA group.

Conclusions: The findings of this trial suggest that EA during chemotherapy is a promising option for controlling side-effects of chemotherapy. An adequately powered, randomized, controlled trial to confirm the effect of EA is, therefore, warranted.
 
  Address Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Room 158, Transient Building (F12), Fisher Road, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 9 Weeks Condition Nausea
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 65  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berle, C. A.; Cobbin, D.; Smith, N.; Zaslawski, C. url  openurl
  Title A novel approach to evaluate traditional Chinese medicine treatment outcomes using pattern identification Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 16 Issue 4 Pages 357-367  
  Keywords AcuTrials; TCM Acupuncture Style; RCT; Hepatitis C; Liver Diseases; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Pilot Study; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; Methodological Concerns; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control  
  Abstract INTRODUCTION: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a modern interpretation of Chinese medicine, developed in the 1950s. It differentiates biomedical diseases into patterns. Each pattern comprises symptom/signs that have their own unique treatment protocol. Most TCM research has used fixed formula treatments for Western-defined diseases with outcomes often measured using objective biomedical markers. More recently, a number of trials have attempted to accommodate TCM clinical practice within the framework of rigorous evidence-based medical research. The aim of this article is to describe a novel outcome measure based on TCM patterns that was used in a pilot study for people with hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS: Sixteen (16) participants with HCV were enrolled in a randomized, controlled pilot study and allocated to a treatment or control group. TCM pattern diagnosis was obtained at baseline and used to guide acupuncture treatment for the treatment group. Each individual's primary, secondary, and tertiary TCM patterns were identified, which involved the systematic evaluation of the participant's information against the TCM patterns and conversion of the pattern to a percentage. Baseline and postintervention percentages for the three TCM patterns for the two groups were compared to assess change. RESULTS: There was a significant mean percentage decrease in pattern expression at week 12 compared to baseline for the secondary and tertiary patterns of the treatment group (56.3% versus 47.5%; p = 0.045 and 48.1% versus 33.6%; p = 0.037, respectively). No significant change was found for the primary, secondary, or tertiary patterns for the control group or for the primary pattern associated with the treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: The quantification of TCM patterns in this study permitted statistical evaluation of TCM pattern change. Previously, TCM pattern identification had only been used as a basis for developing the treatment protocol in clinical trials. This is the first time it has been employed as a novel outcome measure.  
  Address College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Department of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Technology, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Christine.Berle@uts.edu.au  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 16  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Hepatitis C
  Disease Category Liver Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 66  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berman, A. H.; Lundberg, U.; Krook, A. L.; Gyllenhammar, C. url  openurl
  Title Treating drug using prison inmates with auricular acupuncture; A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages 95-102  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract This study tested the viability of auricular acupuncture in prisons for alleviating inmates' symptoms of psychological and physical discomfort and reducing their drug use. The experimental NADA-Acudetox protocol was compared with a non-specific helix control protocol in a randomized trial. Over a period of 18 months, a 4-week, 14-session auricular acupuncture treatment program was offered in two prisons to 163 men and women with self-reported drug use. Among treatment completers, no differences by method were found in self-reported symptoms of discomfort. Drug use occurred in the NADA group but not in the helix group. In contrast, confidence in the NADA treatment increased over time while it decreased for the helix treatment. No significant negative side effects were observed for either method. Participants in both groups reported reduced symptoms of discomfort and improved nighttime sleep. Future research should compare auricular acupuncture to a non-invasive control in order to attempt to disentangle active effects from placebo  
  Address Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Frescati Hagvag 14, plan 3, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Center for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sveavagen 160, plan 5, S-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 163  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Substance-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 67  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 67  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berman, B. M.; Ezzo, J.; Hadhazy, V.; Swyers, J. P. url  openurl
  Title Is acupuncture effective in the treatment of fibromyalgia? Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 1999 Publication The Journal of family practice Abbreviated Journal J Fam Pract  
  Volume 48 Issue 3 Pages 213-218  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Adverse Effects; Fibromyalgia; Pain; Systematic Review; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: We conducted this study to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), report any adverse effects, and generate hypotheses for future investigation. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Manual Therapy Information System, the Cochrane registry, the University of Maryland Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Pain, the Centralized Information Service for Complementary Medicine, and the National Institutes of Health Office of Alternative Medicine databases for the key words “acupuncture” and “fibromyalgia.” Conference abstracts, citation lists, and letters supplemented the search. We selected all randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials, or cohort studies of patients with FMS who were treated with acupuncture. Methodologic quality, sample characteristics, type of acupuncture treatment, and outcomes were extracted. Statistical pooling was not performed because of the differences in control groups. RESULTS: Seven studies (3 randomized controlled trials and 4 cohort studies) were included; only one was of high methodologic quality. The high-quality study suggests that real acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture for relieving pain, increasing pain thresholds, improving global ratings, and reducing morning stiffness of FMS, but the duration of benefit following the acupuncture treatment series is not known. Some patients report no benefit, and a few report an exacerbation of FMS-related pain. Lower-quality studies were consistent with these findings. Booster doses of acupuncture to maintain benefit once regular treatments have stopped have been described anecdotally but not investigated in controlled trials. CONCLUSIONS: The limited amount of high-quality evidence suggests that real acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture for improving symptoms of patients with FMS. However, because this conclusion is based on a single high-quality study, further high-quality randomized trials are needed to provide more robust data on effectiveness  
  Address Complementary Medicine Program, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21207, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 68  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berman, B. M.; Lao, L.; Langenberg, P.; Lee, W. L.; Gilpin, A. M.; Hochberg, M. C. url  openurl
  Title Effectiveness of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized, controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Annals of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Ann Intern Med  
  Volume 141 Issue 12 Pages 901-910  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Osteoarthritis; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Educational; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Evidence on the efficacy of acupuncture for reducing the pain and dysfunction of osteoarthritis is equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acupuncture provides greater pain relief and improved function compared with sham acupuncture or education in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Two outpatient clinics (an integrative medicine facility and a rheumatology facility) located in academic teaching hospitals and 1 clinical trials facility. PATIENTS: 570 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee (mean age [+/-SD], 65.5 +/- 8.4 years). INTERVENTION: 23 true acupuncture sessions over 26 weeks. Controls received 6 two-hour sessions over 12 weeks or 23 sham acupuncture sessions over 26 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcomes were changes in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain and function scores at 8 and 26 weeks. Secondary outcomes were patient global assessment, 6-minute walk distance, and physical health scores of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). RESULTS: Participants in the true acupuncture group experienced greater improvement in WOMAC function scores than the sham acupuncture group at 8 weeks (mean difference, -2.9 [95% CI, -5.0 to -0.8]; P = 0.01) but not in WOMAC pain score (mean difference, -0.5 [CI, -1.2 to 0.2]; P = 0.18) or the patient global assessment (mean difference, 0.16 [CI, -0.02 to 0.34]; P > 0.2). At 26 weeks, the true acupuncture group experienced significantly greater improvement than the sham group in the WOMAC function score (mean difference, -2.5 [CI, -4.7 to -0.4]; P = 0.01), WOMAC pain score (mean difference, -0.87 [CI, -1.58 to -0.16];P = 0.003), and patient global assessment (mean difference, 0.26 [CI, 0.07 to 0.45]; P = 0.02). LIMITATIONS: At 26 weeks, 43% of the participants in the education group and 25% in each of the true and sham acupuncture groups were not available for analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture seems to provide improvement in function and pain relief as an adjunctive therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee when compared with credible sham acupuncture and education control groups  
  Address University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21207, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 23  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 570  
  Time in Treatment 26 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score 90  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 69  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berman, B. M.; Singh, B. B.; Lao, L.; Langenberg, P.; Li, H.; Hadhazy, V.; Bareta, J.; Hochberg, M. url  openurl
  Title A randomized trial of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee Type of Study RCT
  Year 1999 Publication Rheumatology Abbreviated Journal Rheumatology (Oxford)  
  Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 346-354  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Analgesia; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Osteoarthritis; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; RCT; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy to standard care for the relief of pain and dysfunction in elderly patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with symptomatic OA of the knee were randomly assigned to treatment (acupuncture) or standard care (control). Analysis was performed on last score carried forward to account for patients who dropped out before completion. Patients self-scored Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Lequesne indices at baseline and at 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Patients in the control group were offered acupuncture treatment after 12 weeks. The data for these patients are pooled with those from the original acupuncture group for within-group analysis. RESULTS: Patients randomized to acupuncture improved on both WOMAC and Lequesne indices compared to those who received standard treatment alone. Significant differences on total WOMAC Scale were seen at 4 and 8 weeks. There appears to be a slight decline in effect at 4 weeks after cessation of treatment (12 weeks after first treatment). No adverse effects of acupuncture were reported. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that acupuncture is an effective and safe adjunctive therapy to conventional care for patients with OA of the knee  
  Address Complementary Medicine Program, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21207-6697, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 4 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 73  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score 63  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 70  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bernateck, M.; Becker, M.; Schwake, C.; Hoy, L.; Passie, T.; Parlesak, A.; Fischer, M. J.; Fink, M.; Karst, M. url  openurl
  Title Adjuvant auricular electroacupuncture and autogenic training in rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Auricular acupuncture and autogenic training in rheumatoid arthritis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication Forschende Komplementärmedizin = Research in complementary medicine Abbreviated Journal Forsch Komplementmed  
  Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages 187-193  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Anesthesia; Arthritis; Auricular Acupuncture; Auricular Electroacupuncture; RCT; Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: In contrast to psychological interventions the usefulness of acupuncture as an adjuvant therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not yet been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of auricular electroacupuncture (EA) was directly compared with autogenic training (AT). METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 44) were randomized into EA or AT groups. EA and lessons in AT were performed once weekly for 6 weeks. Primary outcome measures were the mean weekly pain intensity and the disease activity score 28 (DAS 28); secondary outcome measures were the use of pain medication, the pain disability index (PDI), the clinical global impression (CGI) and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels, which were assessed during the study period and 3 months after the end of treatment. RESULTS: At the end of the treatment and at 3-month follow-up a clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) could be observed in all outcome parameters and both groups. In contrast to the AT group, the onset of these effects in the EA group could already be observed after the 2nd treatment week. In the 4th treatment week the EA group reported significantly less pain than the AT group (p = 0.040). After the end of treatment (7th week) the EA group assessed their outcome as significantly more improved than the AT group (p = 0.035). The erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the EA group was significantly reduced (p = 0.010), and the serum concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha was significantly increased compared to the AT group (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: The adjuvant use of both EA and AT in the treatment of RA resulted in significant short- and long-term treatment effects. The treatment effects of auricular EA were more pronounced  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, Hannover, Germany. bernateck.michael@mh-hannover.de  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 44  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Arthritis, Rheumatoid
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 71  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berry, H.; Fernandes, L.; Bloom, B.; Clark, R. J.; Hamilton, E. B. url  openurl
  Title Clinical study comparing acupuncture, physiotherapy, injection and oral anti-inflammatory therapy in shoulder-cuff lesions Type of Study RCT
  Year 1980 Publication Current medical research and opinion Abbreviated Journal Curr Med Res Opin  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 121-126  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Moxibustion; Pain; Physical Therapy; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome; Shoulder Pain  
  Abstract In a single-blind trial, five treatments for painful stiff shoulder were compared for a 4-week assessment period in 60 patients. The treatments were acupuncture, steroid injection with placebo and with active tolmetin sodium, physiotherapy in the form of ultrasound and 'placebo' physiotherapy with placebo tolmetin sodium. Objective assessment was gained by use of goniometer readings to monitor shoulder abduction. Pain was measured by visual analogue scales and by a 4-point scale. Comparative assessment was also recorded and at the end of the study a success or failure was recorded for each patient's treatment. With very few exceptions all patients improved markedly, both in terms of the subjective and objective parameters. No differences between the treatments were detected. The incidence and severity of side-effects was low. It is suggested that the results show that the painful stiff shoulder may be a self-limiting condition and that any beneficial effect was really due to natural recovery. This is an important consideration because patients do not always receive immediate attention when referred to an out-patient department and the use of physiotherapy and acupuncture in such cases, perhaps, should be critically examined  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
  Disease Category Shoulder Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 72  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bier, I. D.; Wilson, J.; Studt, P.; Shakleton, M. url  openurl
  Title Auricular acupuncture, education, and smoking cessation: a randomized, sham-controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication American journal of public health Abbreviated Journal Am J Public Health  
  Volume 92 Issue 10 Pages 1642-1647  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Smoking Cessation; Standard Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Educational; Substance-Related Disorders; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of acupuncture alone and in combination with education on smoking cessation and cigarette consumption. METHODS: We prospectively studied 141 adults in a quasi-factorial design using acupuncture, sham acupuncture, and education. RESULTS: All groups showed significant reductions in smoking and posttreatment cigarette consumption, with the combined acupuncture-education group showing the greatest effect from treatment. The trend continued in follow-up; however, significant differences were not maintained. Greater pack-year history (i.e. the number of years smoking multiplied by baseline number of cigarettes smoked per year, divided by 20 cigarettes per pack) negatively correlated with treatment effect. Trend analysis suggested 20 pack-years as the cutoff point for this correlation. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture and education, alone and in combination, significantly reduce smoking; however, combined they show a significantly greater effect, as seen in subjects with a greater pack-year history  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 67 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 141  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 65  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 73  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Biernacki, W.; Peake, M. D. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in treatment of stable asthma Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Respiratory medicine Abbreviated Journal Respir Med  
  Volume 92 Issue 9 Pages 1143-1145  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Asthma; Cross-Over Design; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Previous studies of acupuncture in asthma have reported conflicting results, some claiming benefit for some patients. We conducted a randomized, double-blind (patient and evaluator) study in 23 non-smoking asthmatics (10 M; 13 F) aged 43 +/- 15 years with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) 59 +/- 16% pred. After initial assessment (respiratory function tests and Asthma Quality Life Questionnaire) patients were randomized to receive either 'real' or 'sham' acupuncture. The measurements were repeated within 1 h and after 2 weeks. Patients were recording peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) throughout the period of the study. After 2 weeks patients who received 'real' treatment on the first visit received 'sham' treatment and vice versa. The measurements were again repeated within 1 h and after 2 weeks. There was no improvement in any aspects of respiratory function measured after either form of acupuncture. Despite this there was a significant improvement in AQLQ and parallel reduction in the usage of bronchodilators. We concluded that in some patients acupuncture could be useful in improving quality of life and reducing the need for using bronchodilators either by having a placebo effect or that the exact site of needle puncture on the chest is unimportant  
  Address Chest Unit, Pontefract General Infirmary, U.K  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 23  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Asthma
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 74  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Birch, S.; Jamison, R. N. url  openurl
  Title Controlled trial of Japanese acupuncture for chronic myofascial neck pain: assessment of specific and nonspecific effects of treatment Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume 14 Issue 3 Pages 248-255  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Ion Pumping Cords; Japanese Acupuncture Style; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Neck Pain; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Heat Lamp  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This article examines the specific and nonspecific effects of Japanese acupuncture on chronic myofascial neck pain in a randomized single-blind trial. DESIGN: Forty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive relevant acupuncture, irrelevant acupuncture, or no-acupuncture control treatment consisting of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication. The two acupuncture groups underwent comparable light shallow needling. The irrelevant acupuncture group received acupuncture at specific sites not relevant for cervical pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: The study measures included the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form (SF-MPQ), the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R), medication diary, and physiologic measures. The factors examined as predictors of outcome pain ratings were experience with, beliefs about, and knowledge of acupuncture before treatment; perceived efficacy, credibility, and logic of acupuncture; perceived competence of the acupuncturist; and painfulness of acupuncture. RESULTS: No differences were found among the three groups at baseline, except that the relevant acupuncture group reported having had more previous acupuncture treatments. No significant differences in terms of perceived credibility or perceived effectiveness of treatment were found between the two acupuncture groups. The relevant acupuncture group had significantly greater pre-/posttreatment differences in pain than the irrelevant acupuncture and control groups (p < .05). The nonspecific effects of confidence in the acupuncturist, willingness to try any treatment, mood, and physiologic effect of needling were not predictive of treatment outcome, whereas confidence in the treatment and past experiences with acupuncture did correlate significantly with a decrease in pain. CONCLUSIONS: Relevant acupuncture with heat contributes to modest pain reduction in persons with myofascial neck pain. Previous experience with and confidence in treatment help to predict benefit. Measurement of nonspecific effects of alternative therapy is recommended in future clinical trials  
  Address Anglo-Dutch Institute of Oriental Medicine, IJmuiden, The Netherlands  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 46  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score 58  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 75  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bjordal, J. M.; Johnson, M. I.; Lopes-Martins, R. A.; Bogen, B.; Chow, R.; Ljunggren, A. E. url  openurl
  Title Short-term efficacy of physical interventions in osteoarthritic knee pain. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal BMC Musculoskelet Disord  
  Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 51-  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Electroacupuncture; Laser Acupuncture; Magnets; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; Systematic Review; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation; TENS; Meta-Analysis  
  Abstract ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Treatment efficacy of physical agents in osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) pain has been largely unknown, and this systematic review was aimed at assessing their short-term efficacies for pain relief. Aims and methods: Systematic review with meta-analysis of efficacy within 1-4 weeks and 5-12 weeks. RESULTS: 36 randomised placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) were identified with 2434 patients where 1391 patients received active treatment. 33 trials satisfied three or more out of five methodological criteria (Jadad scale). The patient sample had a mean age of 65.1 years and mean baseline pain of 62.9 mm on a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). Within 4 weeks of the commencement of treatment manual acupuncture, static magnets and ultrasound therapies did not offer statistically significant short-term pain relief over placebo. Pulsed electromagnetic fields offered a small reduction in pain of 6.9 mm [95% CI: 2.2 to 11.6] (n=487). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS, including interferential currents), electro-acupuncture (EA) and low level laser therapy (LLLT) offered clinically relevant pain relieving effects of 18.8 mm [95% CI: 9.6 to 28.1] (n=414), 21.9 mm [95% CI: 17.3 to 26.5] (n=73) and 17.7 mm[95% CI: 8.1 to 27.3] (n=343) on VAS respectively versus placebo control. In a subgroup analysis of trials with assumed optimal doses, short-term efficacy increased to 22.2 mm [95% CI: 18.1 to 26.3] for TENS, and 24.2 mm [95% CI: 17.3 to 31.3] for LLLT on VAS. Follow-up data up to 12 weeks were sparse, but positive effects seemed to persist for at least 4 weeks after the course of LLLT, EA and TENS treatment was stopped. CONCLUSION: TENS, EA and LLLT administered with optimal doses in an intensive 2-4 week treatment regimen, seem to offer clinically relevant short-term pain relief for OAK  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Osteoarthritis,Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 76  
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Author Black, S.; Carey, E.; Webber, A.; Neish, N.; Gilbert, R. url  openurl
  Title Determining the efficacy of auricular acupuncture for reducing anxiety in patients withdrawing from psychoactive drugs Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Anxiety; Substance-Related Disorders; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Auricular Acupuncture; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Group Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Usual Care Control, Unspecified  
  Abstract Auricular acupuncture (AA) is a widely accepted treatment option for substance abuse that is used in more than 700 treatment centers worldwide. Despite claims of perceived clinical benefits by patients and treatment staff, research efforts have failed to substantiate purported benefits, and the mechanism(s) by which AA serves in the treatment of addiction remain inconclusive. Numerous studies have shown AA to be an effective treatment for perioperative anxiety. In this study, we hypothesize that AA reduces the anxiety associated with withdrawal from psychoactive drugs. The study used a randomized, controlled design and included a sample of 101 patients recruited from an addiction treatment service. Subjects were assigned to one of three treatment groups (National Acupuncture Detoxification Association [NADA] AA, AA at sham points, or treatment setting control) and were instructed to attend treatment sessions for 3 days. The primary outcome measure state anxiety was assessed using a pretest-posttest treatment design. The study hypothesis was not confirmed. The NADA protocol was not more effective than sham or treatment setting control in reducing anxiety. The widespread acceptance of AA in the treatment of addiction remains controversial.  
  Address Addiction Prevention and Treatment Services, Capital District Health Authority, PO Box 896, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada B2Y 3Z6.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 3  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 101  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Anxiety
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 77  
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Author Blom, M.; Dawidson, I.; Angmar-Mansson, B. url  openurl
  Title The effect of acupuncture on salivary flow rates in patients with xerostomia Type of Study RCT
  Year 1992 Publication Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology Abbreviated Journal Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  
  Volume 73 Issue 3 Pages 293-298  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Xerostomia; Stomatognathic Diseases; Dry Mouth  
  Abstract Of 21 patients with severe xerostomia, 11 were treated with acupuncture and 10 patients received placebo acupuncture. Those patients who received acupuncture treatment showed increased salivary flow rates during and after the acupuncture treatment. The improved salivary values persisted during the observation year, whereas the patients who received placebo acupuncture showed some improvement of salivary flow rates only during the actual treatment. The results of the present study indicate that acupuncture may be a useful adjunct for the stimulation of salivary flow in some patients with xerostomia  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 21  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Xerostomia
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 78  
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Author Blom, M.; Dawidson, I.; Fernberg, J. O. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture treatment of patients with radiation-induced xerostomia Type of Study RCT
  Year 1996 Publication European journal of cancer. Part B, Oral oncology Abbreviated Journal Eur J Cancer B Oral Oncol  
  Volume 32B Issue Pages 182-190  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Cancer; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Radiation; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Xerostomia; Stomatognathic Diseases; Dry Mouth  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 38  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Xerostomia
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 79  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bo, Q.; Zhang, J. openurl 
  Title Observation on Therapeutic Effects of Scalp Acupuncture Analgesia on Childbirth Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 6-8  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Scalp Acupuncture; Women's Health; Labor Pain; Analgesia, Obstetrical; Labor, Obstetric  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 70  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Analgesia, Obstetrical
  Disease Category Labor, Obstetric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 80  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bo, Z.; Wang, G.; Zhu, W.; Xiang, Y.; Yuan, S.; Niu, Q. openurl 
  Title A clinical study on the therapeutic effect of abdominal acupuncture in treating radicular cervical spondylosis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication EastWest Integration Medicine Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Abdominal Acupuncture; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cervical Spondylosis; Neck Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Physical; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Spondylosis  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 300  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Spondylosis
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 81  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bokmand, S.; Flyger, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture relieves menopausal discomfort in breast cancer patients: a prospective, double blinded, randomized study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) Abbreviated Journal Breast  
  Volume 22 Issue 3 Pages 320-323  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Climacteric; Menopause; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Breast Cancer; Neoplasms; Women's Health; Postmenopause; Hot Flashes; Cancer  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the effect of acupuncture on hot flashes and disturbed night sleep in patients treated for breast cancer. The effect of acupuncture was tested against a sham-acupuncture group and a no-treatment control group. Plasma estradiol was measured to rule out this as cause of effect. Side effects of the treatment were registered. METHODS: We randomized 94 women into the study: 31 had acupuncture, 29 had sham acupuncture and 34 had no treatment. FINDINGS: In the acupuncture group, 16 patients (52%) experienced a significant effect on hot flashes compared with seven patients (24%) in the sham group (p < 0.05). The effect came after the second acupuncture session and lasted for at least 12 weeks after last treatment. A statistically significant positive effect was seen on sleep in the acupuncture group compared with the sham-acupuncture and no-treatment groups. The effect was not correlated with increased levels of plasma estradiol. No side effects of acupuncture were registered. INTERPRETATION: We find that acupuncture significantly relieves hot flashes and sleep disturbances and is a good and safe treatment in women treated for breast cancer.  
  Address Department of Breast Surgery, Vejle Hospital, Denmark. sbok0003@heh.regionh.dk  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 94  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Menopause
  Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved (up) no  
  Call Number Serial 82  
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