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Author Shen, M.; Chapman, R.S.; Vermeulen, R.; Tian, L.; Zheng, T.; Chen, B.E.; Engels, E.A.; He, X.; Blair, A.; Lan, Q.
Title Coal use, stove improvement, and adult pneumonia mortality in Xuanwei, China: a retrospective cohort study Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication Environ Health Perspect Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 261-6 LID - 10.1289/ehp.
Keywords Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; China/epidemiology; Coal/*adverse effects; Cohort Studies; Female; *Household Articles; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Pneumonia/chemically induced/*epidemiology/*mortality; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Pmc – Pmc2649229; Oid – Nlm: Pmc2649229; Oto – Notnlm; OT – coal; OT – cohort study; OT – indoor air pollution; OT – pneumonia
Abstract BACKGROUND: In Xuanwei County, China, unvented indoor coal burning is strongly associated with increased risk of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the impact of coal burning and stove improvement on risk of pneumonia is not clear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among all farmers born 1917 through 1951 and living in Xuanwei as of 1 January 1976. The analysis included a total of 42,422 cohort members. Follow-up identified all deaths in the cohort from 1976 through 1996. Ages at entry into and at exit from follow-up ranged from 24 to 59 years and from 25 to 80 years, respectively. The record search detected 225 deaths from pneumonia, and 32,332 (76%) were alive as of 31 December 1996. We constructed multivariable Cox models (time variable = age) to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Use of coal, especially smokeless coal, was positively associated with pneumonia mortality. Annual tonnage and lifetime duration of smoky and smokeless coal use were positively associated with pneumonia mortality. Stove improvement was associated with a 50% reduction in pneumonia deaths (smoky coal users: HR, 0.521; 95% CI, 0.340-0.798; smokeless coal users: HR, 0.449; 95% CI, 0.215-0.937). CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis is the first to suggest that indoor air pollution from unvented coal burning is an important risk factor for pneumonia death in adults and that improving ventilation by installing a chimney is an effective measure to decrease it.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Environmental health perspectives Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 117 Condition 2
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 7/29/2015; Priority: Normal; Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7240 , USA. shenmi@mail.nih.gov; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=19270797 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1553
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Author Soliman, A.; O'Driscoll, G.A.; Pruessner, J.; Joober, R.; Ditto, B.; Streicker, E.; Goldberg, Y.; Caro, J.; Rekkas, P.V.; Dagher, A.
Title Limbic response to psychosocial stress in schizotypy: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Schizophr Res Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 184-91 LID - 10.1016/j.s
Keywords Adolescent; Brain Mapping; Female; Humans; Hydrocortisone/metabolism; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Limbic System/*blood supply; Linear Models; *Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Oxygen/blood; Personality Inventory; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Saliva; Schizotypal Personality Disorder/complications/*pathology; Stress, Psychological/complications/*pathology; Young Adult
Abstract Psychological stress causes dopamine release in the striatum and is thought to play a role in susceptibility to psychotic illness. Previous work suggests that an elevated dopaminergic response to stress may index vulnerability to psychosis in certain individuals. With functional magnetic resonance imaging, we measured stress-induced changes in brain activity in healthy individuals at elevated risk of developing psychosis. Participants were 15 controls and 25 psychometric schizotypes: 12 with positive symptom schizotypy (perceptual aberrations) and 13 with negative symptom schizotypy (physical anhedonia), as determined by questionnaires (Chapman et al., 1976; Chapman and Chapman, 1978). In the scanner, participants performed the Montreal Imaging Stress Task and a matched sensory-motor control task. Measures of self-reported stress and salivary cortisol levels were taken throughout the experiment. All three groups showed significant increases in self-reported stress and significant fMRI signal change in the striatal, limbic and cortical regions. However, the Physical Anhedonia group showed greater stress-induced striatal and limbic deactivation than the other two groups. Deactivation in the striatum was significantly correlated with Physical Anhedonia score across all subjects. Our findings suggest the presence of abnormalities in striatal response to stress in negative symptom schizotypy.
Address
Publisher Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Schizophrenia research Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 131 Condition 1-3
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 7/29/2015; Priority: Normal; McConnell Brain Imaging Center, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=21705195 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1556
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Author Renghi, A.; Gramaglia, L.; Ciarlo, M.; Cerioli, S.; Albani, A.
Title [Fast track in abdominal aortic surgery] Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2001 Publication Minerva Anestesiol Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 441-446
Keywords Aged; Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/*surgery; Critical Pathways; Humans
Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to evaluate the efficacy of a new perioperative approach to improve the outcome and to reduce hospitalisation after abdominal aortic surgery. METHODS: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: observational study on patients operated from October 1996 to October 1997 (Group 1996), and from November 1997 to November 1998 (group 1998). CENTRE: Anaesthesiology Department of Regional Hospital. PATIENTS: historical group: 56 patients surgically treated with abdominal aortic bypass in 1996. CASE CONTROL GROUP: 58 patients surgically treated with abdominal aortic bypass in 1998. INTERVENTION: group 1996: maintenance of anaesthesia with forane and fentanyl; postoperative infusion of mepivacaine 1% through lumbar epidural catheter. GROUP 1998: preoperative anaesthesia through thoracic (T 4) epidural catheter with infusion of bupivacaine 0.5%; maintenance of anaesthesia with propofol, fentanyl and infusion of bupivacaine 0.125%; postoperative infusion of bupivacaine 0.125%, early rehabilitation care (early removal of nasogastric tube and urinary catheter, early deambulation, feeding and physiotherapy). EVALUATION: analgesia efficacy, day of deambulation, day of removal of the urinary catheter and the nasogastric tube, day of bowel canalization, day of discharge, major complications. RESULTS: In group 1998 analgesia was better. Furthermore a significant improvement consisted in the earlier removal of the nasogastric tube and the urinary catheter, earlier return of the gastrointestinal function and earlier deambulation. The length of stay is significantly reduced. In group 1998 we have less complications. CONCLUSIONS: Total intra-venous anaesthesia associated with a thoracic epidural anaesthesia, connected with early rehabilitation may improve the outcome and reduce the length of stay in patients submitted to abdominal aortic surgery.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Minerva anestesiologica Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 67 Condition 6
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 7/23/2015; Priority: Normal; Ospedale degli Infermi, Biella, Italy.; ita; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=11533542 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1562
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Author Wang, S.; Qian, Y.F.; Fan, X.N.; Zhang, Y.N.; Wei, Y.Y.; Zhang, X.; Wu, H.Q.; Li, Y.J.; Liu, J.; Shi, X.M.
Title [Experimental study on Shuigou (GV 26) of inhibiting effect for neuronal necrosis in rats: morphological evidence of the specificity of acupoint] Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication Zhongguo Zhen Jiu Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 733-738
Keywords Acupuncture Points; *Acupuncture Therapy; Animals; Brain Ischemia/*pathology/physiopathology/*therapy; Disease Models, Animal; Humans; Male; Necrosis; Neurons/*pathology/ultrastructure; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Wistar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of acupoint Shuigou (GV 26) and non-acupoint on inhibiting the neuronal necrosis induced by the middle cerebral artery obstruction (MCAO) in rats through the morphological observation. METHODS: Forty two healthy adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group, false-ope ration group, model control group, non-acupuncture group, Shuigou-acupuncture group and non-acupoint acupuncture group, 7 rats in each group. Besides the normal and false-operation groups, the experimental modal of MCAO was established in the other groups by using the Zea-Longa thread method. Acupoint Shuigou (GV 26) and non-acupoint (below the costal region) were selected respectively in the Shuigou-acupuncture group and non-acupoint acupuncture group for puncturing at 180 times/min for 5 seconds. Its effect was estimated by measuring the rate of the neuronal necrosis at the level of the light microscope and the degree of the neuronal necrosis at the level of the electron microscope. RESULTS: (1) At the level of the light microscope, comparing with the model control group (0.66 +/- 0.18), of the neuronal necrosis there were no significant differences in the rate of neuronal necrosis in the non-acupuncture group (0.67 +/- 0.34) and non-acupoint acupuncture group (0.59 +/- 0.11) (both P > 0.05), while it was significantly decreased in the Shuigou-acupuncture group (0.200 +/- 12) (P < 0.05). It indicates that no intervention and wrong (non-acupoint) intervention could light the damage of the neurons, however, only right intervention (Shuigou, GV 26) can obviously decrease the rate of the neuronal necrosis, showing with the specificity of acupoint. (2) At the level of the electron microscope, the ultrastructure of the involved neurons in the non-acupuncture group and non-acupoint acupuncture group is similar to that of the model control group, showing with the serious edema and structure damage. In contrast, the ultrastructure of the involved neurons in the Shuigou-acupuncture group is similar to that of the normal group and false-operation group, showing with light neuronal damage. CONCLUSION: Acupuncturing Shuigou (GV 26) could protect the involved neurons and inhibit the neuronal necrosis induced by the MCAO in rats, but acupuncturing the non-acupoint couldn't, which imply that there is the specificity of acupoint in the acupuncture.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 29 Condition 9
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 6/25/2015; Priority: Normal; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Tianjin Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Tianjin 300193, China.; chi; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=19803243 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1574
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Author Weidong Pan; Mingzhe Wang; Mao Li; Qiudong Wang; Shin Kwak; Wenfei Jiang; Yoshiharu Yamamoto
Title Actigraph Evaluation of Acupuncture for Treating Restless Legs Syndrome Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM) Abbreviated Journal Evid Based Complement Altern Med
Volume Issue Pages 1-7
Keywords Restless Legs -- Therapy; Acupuncture; Human; China; Alternative Therapies; Randomized Controlled Trials; Random Assignment; Single-Blind Studies; Funding Source; Actigraphy; Treatment Outcomes -- Evaluation; Male; Female; Middle Age; Adult; Pretest-Posttest Design; Scales; Statistical Significance; Prospective Studies; Simulations; Analysis of Variance; Repeated Measures; T-Tests; P-Value; Data Analysis Software; Descriptive Statistics
Abstract We evaluated the effects of acupuncture in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) by actigraph recordings. Among the 38 patients with RLS enrolled, 31 (M = 12, F = 19; mean age, 47.2 ± 9.7 years old) completed the study. Patients were treated with either standard acupuncture (n = 15) or randomized acupuncture (n = 16) in a single-blind manner for 6 weeks. Changes in nocturnal activity (NA) and early sleep activity (ESA) between week 0 (baseline), week 2, week 4, and week 6 were assessed using leg actigraph recordings, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale (IRLSRS), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Standard but not randomized acupuncture reduced the abnormal leg activity of NA and ESA significantly in week 2, week 4, and week 6 based on the changes in the clinical scores for IRLSRS and ESS in week 4 and week 6 compared with the baseline. No side effects were observed. The results indicate that standard acupuncture might improve the abnormal leg activity in RLS patients and thus is a potentially suitable integrative treatment for long-term use.
Address Educational Physiology Laboratory Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Publisher Hindawi Limited
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
Time in Treatment Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Accession Number: 108824623. Language: English. Entry Date: 20170222. Revision Date: 20170222. Publication Type: journal article; pictorial; research; tables/charts; tracings; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Biomedical; Europe; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland. Instrumentation: Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS); International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale (IRLSRS). Grant Information: This study was sponsored and supported by the NationalNatural Science Foundation of China (81373619) and theShanghai Pujiang Programme of the Science and TechnologyCommission of Shanghai Municipality (09PJ1409300).. NLM UID: 101215021. Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 108824623 Serial 2321
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Author Baker, T.E.; Chang, G.
Title The use of auricular acupuncture in opioid use disorder: A systematic literature review Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication The American Journal on Addictions Abbreviated Journal Am J Addict
Volume 25 Issue 8 Pages 592-602
Keywords
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic disease with significant personal, societal, and public health consequences. Even for the minority who receive the most effective evidence-based treatments, morbidity, and mortality remain significant. These facts, along with the recovery movement calling for individualized, holistic, culturally sensitive care, have led to the exploration of adjunctive interventions including acupuncture. Despite hundreds of international trials, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding its efficacy in OUD due in large part to methodological issues of trials to date. In response to these issues, the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) developed an operationalized manual auricular acupuncture protocol that has since become the most widely used in the US. This systematic review is the first to focus explicitly on randomized trials utilizing the NADA protocol as a complementary intervention to address OUD. METHODS: The methods utilized to identify studies for inclusion are based on a 2009 protocol developed by the Cochrane Collaboration. RESULTS: Four trials met inclusion criteria. Despite methodological issues, results indicate that while the NADA protocol may not be effective in reducing acute opiate craving or withdrawal, it may be effectively utilized as an adjunctive treatment to increase treatment retention and decrease methadone detoxification and maintenance dosages in OUD. CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Incorporation of the NADA protocol into existing evidence-based treatment approaches may facilitate recovery and, through its impact on treatment retention and completion, indirectly impact morbidity, and mortality in individuals with OUD. Given the limitations of the current review, conclusions are tentative and directions for future research are discussed. (Am J Addict 2016;25:592-602).
Address Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Publisher
Language English Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
Time in Treatment Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes PMID:28051842 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2178
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Author Salar, G.; Job, I.; Mingrino, S.; Bosio, A.; Trabucchi, M.
Title Effect of transcutaneous electrotherapy on CSF beta-endorphin content in patients without pain problems Type of Study Journal Article
Year 1981 Publication Pain Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 169-172
Keywords
Abstract To test the hypothesis of opiate-like peptide release after transcutaneous electrotherapy we measured beta-endorphin cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) content in 13 patients without pain problems. The results indicate a time dependent increase of CSF beta-endorphin in the group of patients studied. This fact suggests that the analgesic properties of the treatment may be ascribed to an involvement of the endogenous opiates system, independently from the basal clinical conditions of the patients.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Pain Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 10 Condition 2
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; eng Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1639
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Author Mitchell, A.J.; Hall, R.W.; Golianu, B.; Yates, C.; Williams, D.K.; Chang, J.; Anand, K.J.S.
Title Does noninvasive electrical stimulation of acupuncture points reduce heelstick pain in neonates? Type of Study
Year 2016 Publication Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) Abbreviated Journal Acta Paediatr
Volume 105 Issue 12 Pages 1434-1439
Keywords Blood Specimen Collection/*adverse effects; Double-Blind Method; *Electroacupuncture; Humans; *Infant, Newborn; Neonatal Screening/*adverse effects; Pain/*prevention & control; * Nesap; * Pipp; *Neonates; *Pain; *Sucrose
Abstract AIM: Noninvasive electrical stimulation at acupuncture points (NESAP) for analgesia is used in children, but has not been widely studied in neonates. The purpose of this study was to determine whether NESAP alone or in combination with sucrose relieved heelstick pain in neonates. METHODS: Term neonates (n = 162) receiving routine heelsticks for newborn screening were enrolled following parental consent. All infants received facilitated tucking and non-nutritive sucking. Neonates were randomised to standard care, sucrose, NESAP or sucrose plus NESAP. NESAP (3.5 mA, 10 Hz) or sham was administered over four acupuncture points. The Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP), heart rate variability (HRV) and salivary cortisol were used to measure heelstick pain. RESULTS: PIPP scores among all four treatment groups increased during heelstick, F (9,119) = 1.95, p = 0.05 and NESAP therapy had no significant effect on PIPP scores. However, PIPP scores from baseline to heelstick increased the most in the two groups not receiving sucrose (p < 0.01). Mean PIPP scores remained below five during the heelstick in all four groups, indicating minimal or no pain. Differences in HRV and salivary cortisol among groups were insignificant. CONCLUSION: NESAP at 3.5 mA, 10 Hz is not effective in relieving pain during heelsticks in neonates.
Address Stanford University and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Publisher
Language English Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
Time in Treatment Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes PMID:27607517; PMCID:PMC5118154 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2168
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Author Lin, C.F.; Liao, J.M.; Tsai, S.J.; Chiang, P.Y.; Ting, H.; Tang, C.Y.; Lou, K.L.; Hsieh, L.C.; Wang, D.W.; Lin, T.B.
Title Depressor effect on blood pressure and flow elicited by electroacupuncture in normal subjects Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2003 Publication Auton Neurosci Abbreviated Journal
Volume 107 Issue 1 Pages 60-64
Keywords
Abstract To clarify the effect of electroacupuncture (Ea) on the activity of the cardiovascular system in normal individuals, hemodynamic parameters including arterial blood pressure (BP), finger blood flow (FBF) and heart rate (HR) as well as paravertebral temperature (PVT) were non-invasively recorded under Ea stimulation. Surface stimulation electrode was placed on the Hoku point (Li-4). Square wave pulses (0.05 ms) were applied from a stimulator with a stimulation frequency of 2 Hz (3 min). The stimulation intensity was five times of sensory threshold. BP and FBF were decreased (68.5+/-6.0%, P<0.01 and 96.8+/-1.1%, P<0.01 of control, respectively, n=7) while HR and PVT were increased significantly (115.0+/-5.1 of control, P<0.05 and 0.054+/-0.004 degree C, P<0.01, respectively, n=7) during Ea treatment. The results suggested an inhibition in sympathetic outflow, which induced vasodilatation of systemic arteriole and decrease in BP and FBF were elicited by Ea stimulation.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
Time in Treatment Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; School of Physical Therapy, Chung-Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. tblin@csmu.edu.tw; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12927228 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1652
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Author Yue, J.; Liu, M.; Li, J.; Wang, Y.; Hung, E.-S.; Tong, X.; Sun, Z.; Zhang, Q.; Golianu, B.
Title Acupuncture for the treatment of hiccups following stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med
Volume 35 Issue 1 Pages 2-8
Keywords Acupuncture Therapy/*methods; Hiccup/etiology/*therapy; Humans; Stroke/*complications; Treatment Outcome; *Acupuncture; *Stroke; *Systematic Reviews
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for hiccups following stroke. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and four Chinese medical databases were searched from their inception to 1 June 2015. The dataset included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with no language restrictions that compared acupuncture as an adjunct to medical treatment (effectiveness) or acupuncture versus medical treatment (comparative effectiveness) in stroke patients with hiccups. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the trials. RESULTS: Out of 436 potentially relevant studies, five met the inclusion criteria. When acupuncture was compared with other interventions (as sole or adjunctive treatment), meta-analysis revealed a significant difference in favour of cessation of hiccups within a specified time period (CHWST) following intervention when used as an adjunct (risk ratio (RR) 1.59, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.19, I2=0%), but not when used alone (RR 1.40, 95% CI 0.79 to 2.47, I2=65%, ie, high heterogeneity). No safety information was reported in these studies. CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that acupuncture may be an effective treatment for patients suffering from hiccups following stroke when used as an adjunct to medical treatment. However, due to the limited number of RCTs and poor methodology quality, we cannot reach a definitive conclusion, hence further large, rigorously designed trials are needed.
Address Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
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Language English Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
Time in Treatment Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes PMID:27286862 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2171
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Author Itoh, K.; Ochi, H.; Kitakoji, H.
Title Effects of tender point acupuncture on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)--a pragmatic trial Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2008 Publication Chin Med Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords AcuTrials; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; Rct; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Non Specific Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control; Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness; Doms
Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is used to reduce inflammation and decrease pain in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). This study investigates the efficacy of acupuncture on the symptoms of DOMS. METHODS: Thirty subjects were assigned randomly to there groups, namely the control, non-tender point and tender point groups. Measurement of pain with full elbow flexion was used as indices of efficacy. Measurements were taken before and after exercise, immediately after treatment and seven days after treatment. RESULTS: Significant differences in visual analog scores for pain were found between the control group and tender point group immediately after treatment and three days after exercise (P<0.05, Dunnetts multiple test). CONCLUSION: The results show that tender point acupuncture relieves muscle pain of DOMS.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Chinese medicine Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 3 Condition
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 9/17/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Department of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Meiji University of Integrative Medicine, Nantan, Kyoto 629-0392, Japan. kitoh@meiji-u.ac.jp; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&listuids=19032777 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1669
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Author Hubscher, M.; Vogt, L.; Bernhorster, M.; Rosenhagen, A.; Banzer, W.
Title Effects of acupuncture on symptoms and muscle function in delayed-onset muscle soreness Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2008 Publication J Altern Complement Med Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 1011-6 LID - 10.1089/acm.
Keywords
Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study was done to investigate the effects of a standardized acupuncture treatment on symptoms and muscle function in exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled, observer and subject-blinded trial was undertaken. Twenty-two (22) healthy subjects (22-30 years; 10 males and 12 females) were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: real acupuncture (deep needling at classic acupuncture points and tender points; n = 7), sham-acupuncture (superficial needling at nonacupuncture points; n = 8), and control (no needling; n = 7). DOMS of the nondominant elbow-flexors was experimentally induced through eccentric contractions until exhaustion. The outcome measures were pain perception (visual analogue scale; VAS; range: 0-10 cm), mechanical pain threshold (MPT; pressure algometer), and maximum isometric voluntary force (MIVF; force transducer). Treatment was applied immediately, 24 and 48 hours after DOMS induction. Measurements of MPT and MIVF were made prior to DOMS induction as well as before and after every treatment session. VAS data were acquired after DOMS induction as well as pre- and post-treatment. Final pain, MPT, and MIVF measurements were performed 72 hours after DOMS induction. RESULTS: Following nonparametric testing, there were no significant differences between groups in outcome measures at baseline. After 72 hours, pain perception (VAS) was significantly lower in the acupuncture group compared to the sham acupuncture and control subjects. However, the mean MPT and MIVF scores were not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although acupuncture seemed to have no effects on mechanical pain threshold and muscle function, it proved to reduce perceived pain arising from exercise-induced muscle soreness.
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Number of Participants
Time in Treatment 14 Condition 8
Disease Category (up) OCSI Score
Notes Date of Input: 5/21/2015; Date Modified: 5/21/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. m.huebscher@sport.uni-frankfurt.de; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=18990049 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1675
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Author Lei, H.; Chen, X.; Liu, S.; Chen, Z.
Title Effect of Electroacupuncture on Visceral and Hepatic Fat in Women with Abdominal Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Study Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine Abbreviated Journal Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine
Volume 23 Issue 4 Pages 285-294
Keywords OBESITY -- Treatment; FATTY liver -- Prevention; ACUPUNCTURE points; ADIPOSE tissues; ALTERNATIVE medicine; Anthropometry; HUMAN body composition; CLINICAL trials; Electroacupuncture; LONGITUDINAL method; MAGNETIC resonance imaging; Mathematics; PROBABILITY theory; RESEARCH -- Finance; SAMPLING (Statistics); Statistics; T-test (Statistics); WOMEN -- Health; DATA analysis; BODY mass index; RANDOMIZED controlled trials; PRE-tests & post-tests; DATA analysis -- Software; WAIST circumference; DESCRIPTIVE statistics; ABDOMINAL adipose tissue; MANN Whitney U Test; China
Abstract Copyright of Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine is the property of Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Address
Publisher
Language Number of Treatments
Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants
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Notes Accession Number: 122401275; Source Information: Apr2017, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p285; Subject Term: OBESITY -- Treatment; Subject Term: FATTY liver -- Prevention; Subject Term: ACUPUNCTURE points; Subject Term: ADIPOSE tissues; Subject Term: ALTERNATIVE medicine; Subject Term: ANTHROPOMETRY; Subject Term: HUMAN body composition; Subject Term: CLINICAL trials; Subject Term: ELECTROACUPUNCTURE; Subject Term: LONGITUDINAL method; Subject Term: MAGNETIC resonance imaging; Subject Term: MATHEMATICS; Subject Term: PROBABILITY theory; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Finance; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: STATISTICS; Subject Term: T-test (Statistics); Subject Term: WOMEN -- Health; Subject Term: DATA analysis; Subject Term: BODY mass index; Subject Term: RANDOMIZED controlled trials; Subject Term: PRE-tests & post-tests; Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: WAIST circumference; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: ABDOMINAL adipose tissue; Subject Term: MANN Whitney U Test; Subject Term: ; Geographic Subject: CHINA; Geographic Subject: ; Number of Pages: 10p; ; Document Type: Article; Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2251
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Author Hyun-jong Lee; Jung-chul Seo; Sung-hoon Park; Min-ah Kwak; Im hee Shin; Bo-mi Min; Min-su Cho; Woon-seok Roh; Jin-yong Jung
Title Acupuncture in Patients with a Vertebral Compression Fracture: A Protocol for a Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Clinical Trial Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Journal of Pharmacopuncture Abbreviated Journal J Pharmacopuncture
Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 79-85
Keywords Acupuncture; Fractures, Vertebral Compression; Steroids -- Administration and Dosage; Injections, Epidural; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Protocols; Pilot Studies; McGill Pain Questionnaire; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Visual Analog Scaling; Questionnaires; Data Analysis Software; Funding Source
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Address Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Catholic University, Daegu, Korea
Publisher Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute
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Notes Accession Number: 103790494. Language: English. Entry Date: 20150421. Revision Date: 20150710. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Alternative/Complementary Therapies; Asia. Instrumentation: McGill Pain Questionnaire. Grant Information: This study was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Korea, 2013.. NLM UID: 101572812. Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 103790494 Serial 2324
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Author Yue, C.; Zhang, X.; Zhu, Y.; Jia, Y.; Wang, H.; Liu, Y.
Title Systematic Review of Three Electrical Stimulation Techniques for Rehabilitation After Total Knee Arthroplasty Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication The Journal of Arthroplasty Abbreviated Journal J Arthroplasty
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Ea; Nmes; Tens; Tka; rehabilitation
Abstract BACKGROUND: The comparative effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and electroacupuncture (EA) for improving patient rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. Therefore we conducted this systematic review to assess the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed, OVID, and ScienceDirect databases were comprehensively searched and studies were selected and analyzed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. Data were extracted and qualitatively synthesized for several outcomes. RESULTS: Data were analyzed from 17 randomized controlled trials involving 1285 procedures: 8 NMES studies (608 procedures), 7 TENS studies (560 procedures), and 2 EA studies (117 procedures). Qualitative analysis suggested that NMES was associated with higher quadriceps strength and functional recovery after TKA. Recovery benefits were maximal when the stimulation was performed once or twice a day for 4-6 weeks at an intensity of 100-120 mA and frequency of 30-100 Hz. The electrode should be sufficiently large (100-200 cm(2)) to reduce discomfort. TENS at an intensity of 15-40 mA and frequency of 70-150 Hz provided effective analgesia after TKA. EA at an intensity of 2 mA and frequency of 2 Hz may also provide postoperative analgesia of TKA. CONCLUSION: As adjunct modalities, NMES and TENS can effectively improve rehabilitation after TKA without triggering significant intolerance, and maximal benefits depend on optimized parameters and intervention protocols. EA may be an effective adjunct modality for analgesia after TKA.
Address Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang, Henan Province, People's Republic of China
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Notes PMID:29530519 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2424
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Author Chen, H.; Fu, J.
Title Special Topic Study Therapeutic Effect Observation on Warm Needling for Keloidal Acne Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal
Volume 9 Issue 3 Pages 145-148
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Abstract Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of warm needling therapy for keloidal acne. Methods: The 66 cases with keloidal acne were randomly allocated into a treatment group and a control group, 36 in the treatment group and 30 in the control group. The cases in the treatment group were treated with warm needling therapy upon qi arrival, whereas those in the control group were treated with acupuncture alone. Then the skin lesion, inflammation and improvement of the constitution were compared before and after treatment. The clinical efficacies in the two groups were also compared. Results: The skin lesion, inflammation and constitutional improvement in the treatment group were superior to the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), coupled with a lower relapse rate. Conclusion: Warm needling can result in a fast effect and lower rate of relapses for keloidal acne without toxic or adverse reactions. Additionally, in can also strengthen the patient's constitution.
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Notes Date of Input: 4/2/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; 1, Fu Jieying 1 Xiamen City Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fujian 361009, P. R. China 2 School of Acupuncture and Tuina, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong 510405, P. R. China Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1723
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Author Zhu, B.; Shan, Y.
Title Clinical Observation on Tourette Syndrome Treated by Different Acupuncture Methods Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication J Acupunct Tuina Sci Abbreviated Journal
Volume 8 Issue 4 Pages 233-235
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Abstract Objective: To approach a better solution for enhancing the therapeutic results of acupuncture therapy in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, by observing the clinical results of combined scalp with body acupuncture and mono-body acupuncture. Methods: Fifty-seven patients were randomized into a treatment group (31 cases) and a control group (26 cases). The patients in the treatment group all received combined scalp-body acupuncture treatment, while the patients in the control group were given mono-body acupuncture treatment, for 1 month as a treatment session. At the end of the third treatment session, the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) would be compared between pre- and post-treatment. Results: In the treatment group, 2 patients were clinically cured, 4 showed markedly effective, 18 "showed effective, and 7 failed, making a total therapeutic rate of 77.4%. In the control group, 0 were clinically cured, 3 showed markedly effective, 9 showed effective, 14 failed, making a total therapeutic rate of 46.2%. There was a significant difference between the two total therapeutic rates (P<0.05). Conclusion: The combination of scalp and body acupuncture had a better therapeutic result than the mono-body acupuncture therapy in the treatment of Tourette syndrome
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Notes Date of Input: 3/19/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200071, P. R. China Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1737
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Author Yeung, W.-F.; Chung, K.-F.; Yu, Y.-M.B.; Lao, L.
Title What predicts a positive response to acupuncture? A secondary analysis of three randomised controlled trials of insomnia Type of Study
Year 2017 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med
Volume 35 Issue 1 Pages 24-29
Keywords Acupuncture Therapy/*methods; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Educational Status; Female; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Severity of Illness Index; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/*therapy; Treatment Outcome; Young Adult; *Sleep Medicine; *Statistics & Research Methods
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated the predictors of the specific and non-specific effects of acupuncture. The aim of this secondary analysis was to determine patient characteristics that may predict a better treatment response to acupuncture for insomnia. METHODS: We pooled the data of three randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of acupuncture for insomnia to examine sociodemographic variables, clinical characteristics, baseline sleep-wake variables, and treatment expectancy in relation to acupuncture response. Subjects with an improvement in insomnia severity index (ISI) scores of >/=8 points from baseline to 1 week post-treatment were classified as responders. Factors were compared between responders and non-responders, and also by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 116 subjects who received traditional needle acupuncture were included, of which 37 (31.9%) were classified as responders. Acupuncture responders had a higher educational level (p<0.01) and higher baseline ISI score (p<0.05), compared to non-responders. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, only the number of years spent in full-time education remained significant as a predictor of treatment response (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.38, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with previous studies, our data suggest that the response to acupuncture is difficult to predict. Although the predictive power of educational level is weak overall, our findings provide potentially valuable information that could be built upon in further research (including a larger sample size), and may help to inform patient selection for the treatment of chronic insomnia with acupuncture in the future. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov: #NCT00839592; Results, #NCT00838994; Results, and #NCT01707706; Results.
Address School of Chinese Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
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Notes PMID:27503746 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2170
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Author Bosch, P.; van den Noort, M.; Yeo, S.; Lim, S.; Coenen, A.; van Luijtelaar, G.
Title The effect of acupuncture on mood and working memory in patients with depression and schizophrenia Type of Study
Year 2015 Publication Journal of Integrative Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Integr Med
Volume 13 Issue 6 Pages 380-390
Keywords *Acupuncture Therapy; Adult; *Affect; Depression/*therapy; Female; Humans; Male; *Memory, Short-Term; Middle Aged; Schizophrenia/*therapy
Abstract BACKGROUND: In patients with depression, as well as in patients with schizophrenia, both mood and working memory performance are often impaired. Both issues can only be addressed and improved with medication to some extent. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the mood and the working memory performance in patients with depression or schizophrenia and whether acupuncture can improve these. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: A pragmatic clinical trial design was used. The study was conducted in a psychiatric clinic. Fifty patients with depression and 50 with schizophrenia were randomly divided into an experimental and a waiting-list group. Additionally, 25 healthy control participants were included. Twelve weeks of individualized acupuncture treatment was used as the clinical intervention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All patients were tested before (T1) and after (T2) acupuncture treatment on a mood scale (Beck Depression Inventory-II, BDI-II), a simple working memory task (digit span), and a complex working memory task (letter-number sequencing); the healthy controls were tested at T1 only. RESULTS: Patients with depression scored worse than the others on the BDI-II, and patients with schizophrenia scored worse than the healthy controls. On the digit span, patients with schizophrenia did not differ from healthy controls whereas they scored worse of all on the letter-number sequencing. With respect to the acupuncture findings, first, the present study showed that the use of acupuncture to treat patients with schizophrenia was both practical and safe. Moreover, acupuncture had a positive effect on the BDI-II for the depression group, but acupuncture had no effect on the digit span and on the letter-number sequencing performance for the two clinical groups. CONCLUSION: The clinical improvement in patients with depression after acupuncture treatment was not accompanied by any significant change in a simple working memory task or in a more complex working memory task; the same was true for the patients with schizophrenia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch Trial Register NTR3132.
Address Donders Centre for Cognition, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 HR Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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Notes PMID:26559363 Approved no
Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2014
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Author Chiu, H.Y.; Hsieh, Y.J.; Tsai, P.S.
Title Systematic review and meta-analysis of acupuncture to reduce cancer-related pain Type of Study Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication European Journal of Cancer Care Abbreviated Journal Eur J Cancer Care (Engl)
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords acupuncture; cancer-related pain; meta-analysis
Abstract We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on malignancy-related, chemotherapy (CT)- or radiation therapy (RT)-induced, surgery-induced, and hormone therapy (HT)-induced pain. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of acupuncture on cancer-related pain were reached from the EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Airiti library, Taiwan Electrical Periodical Service, Wanfang Data (a Chinese database) and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database from inception through June 2014. Heterogeneity, moderator analysis, publication bias and risk of bias associated with the included studies were examined. A total of 29 RCTs yielding 36 effect sizes were included. The overall effect of acupuncture on cancer-related pain was -0.45 [95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.63 to -0.26]. The subanalysis indicated that acupuncture relieved malignancy-related and surgery-induced pain [effect size (g) = -0.71, and -0.40; 95% CI = -0.94 to -0.48, and -0.69 to -0.10] but not CT- or RT-induced and HT-induced pain (g = -0.05, and -0.64, 95% CI = -0.33 to 0.24, and -1.55 to 0.27). Acupuncture is effective in relieving cancer-related pain, particularly malignancy-related and surgery-induced pain. Our findings suggest that acupuncture can be adopted as part of a multimodal approach for reducing cancer-related pain.
Address School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
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Notes PMID:26853524 Approved no
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