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Author (up) Arnberger, M.; Stadelmann, K.; Alischer, P.; Ponert, R.; Melber, A.; Greif, R. openurl 
  Title Monitoring of neuromuscular blockade at the P6 acupuncture point reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Anesthesiology Abbreviated Journal Anesthesiology  
  Volume 107 Issue 6 Pages 903-908  
  Keywords Anesthesia; Electroacupuncture; Emesis; Nausea; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; RCT; Vomiting; Women's Health; AcuTrials; TENS; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Sham Acupoint Control; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the P6 acupuncture point reduces the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Neuromuscular blockade during general anesthesia can be monitored with electrical peripheral nerve stimulation at the wrist. The authors tested the effect of neuromuscular monitoring over the P6 acupuncture point on the reduction of PONV. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blinded, randomized control trial, the authors investigated, with institutional review board approval and informed consent, 220 women undergoing elective laparoscopic surgery anesthetized with fentanyl, sevoflurane, and rocuronium. During anesthesia, neuromuscular blockade was monitored by a conventional nerve stimulator at a frequency of 1 Hz over the ulnar nerve (n = 110, control group) or over the median nerve (n = 110, P6 group) stimulating at the P6 acupuncture point at the same time. The authors evaluated the incidence of nausea and vomiting during the first 24 h. RESULTS: No differences in demographic and morphometric data were found between both groups. The 24-h incidence of PONV was 45% in the P6 acupuncture group versus 61% in the control group (P = 0.022). Nausea decreased from 56% in the control group to 40% in the P6 group (P = 0.022), but emesis decreased only from 28% to 23% (P = 0.439). Nausea decreased substantially during the first 6 h of the observation period (P = 0.009). Fewer subjects in the acupuncture group required ondansetron as rescue therapy (27% vs. 39%; P = 0.086). CONCLUSION: Intraoperative P6 acupuncture point stimulation with a conventional nerve stimulator during surgery significantly reduced the incidence of PONV over 24 h. The efficacy of P6 stimulation is similar to that of commonly used antiemetic drugs in the prevention of PONV  
  Address Department of Anesthesiology, Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, Switzerland  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Day Frequency N/A Number of Participants 220  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 35  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Arnetz, B. B.; Berg, M.; Anderzen, I.; Lundeberg, T.; Haker, E. url  openurl
  Title A nonconventional approach to the treatment of “environmental illness” Type of Study RCT
  Year 1995 Publication Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Occup Environ Med  
  Volume 37 Issue 7 Pages 838-844  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Environmental Illness; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Miscellaneous; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract Twenty patients with symptoms of “environmental illness” were subject to a controlled study of deep versus superficial acupuncture. The patients were evaluated by a detailed questionnaire concerning their occupational, environmental, and medical history. Blood samples were taken as well. Patients were randomized to deep or superficial acupuncture. Both groups improved significantly in key variables during and after treatment. There were no group differences. There were no changes in biological variables apart from a gradual and continuous increase in serum cortisol and a decrease in neuropeptide Y, which was somewhat more accentuated in those receiving deep acupuncture. This rise in cortisol may have contributed to decreased dermal symptoms among the participants. It is hypothesized that the positive treatment results observed are partly due to weakening of the conditioned response, linking bodily symptoms to environmental agents. To date, a number of different methods have been tried in the management of patients with environmental illness. However, only rarely have the treatments been evaluated in controlled studies  
  Address National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Stockholm, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Environmental Illness
  Disease Category Miscellaneous OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 36  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Aroxa, F.H. de A.; Gondim, I.T.G. de O.; Santos, E.L.W.; Coriolano, M. das G.W. de S.; Asano, A.G.C.; Asano, N.M.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Acupuncture as Adjuvant Therapy for Sleep Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Type of Study RCT
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 33-38  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Sleep Disorders; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders; Insomnia; Acu Versus Usual Care; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Parkinson's Disease; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract There are few studies which attest the efficacy of acupuncture on treatment of sleep disturbs in Parkinson disease. The aimed of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on sleep disturbs of 22 patients with diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease (Hoehn-Yahr 1 to 3) who have assistance on the Pro-Parkinson Program of Clinical Hospital at Federal University of Pernambuco in Brazil. All participants were evaluated by Parkinson Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) before and after 8 weeks. The experimental group was submitted to 8 sections (once a week) which had duration of 30 minutes. The control group had no intervention. The intervention was executed using the acupuncture points LR3 (Taichong), SP6 (Sanyinjiao), LI4 (Hegu), TE5 (Wai-Guan), HT7 (Shenmen), PC6 (Neiguan), LI11 (Quchi), GB20 (Fengchi). Paired analyses were obtained by Wilcoxon test and independent analyses were made according to Mann-Whitney test. This study presented a potential therapeutic benefit of acupuncture on sleep disturbs of Parkinson's disease patients. This study showed a possible therapeutic benefit through acupuncture in sleep disorders in patients with PD. However, we propose new studies related to the effects of acupuncture on the clinical symptoms and evolution of the disease.  
  Address Clinical Medicine Department of Federal University Pernambuco – Recife (PE), Brazil. Electronic address: nadjaasano@gmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 22  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
  Disease Category Sleep Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:28254099 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2206  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Arvidsdotter, T.; Marklund, B.; Taft, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of an integrative treatment, therapeutic acupuncture and conventional treatment in alleviating psychological distress in primary care patients – a pragmatic randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 13 Issue Pages 308-317  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Mental Disorders; Stress, Psychological; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; Depression; Anxiety; Counseling; Salutogenic Counseling  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare effects of an integrative treatment (IT), therapeutic acupuncture (TA), and conventional treatment (CT) in alleviating symptoms of anxiety and depression in psychologically distressed primary care patients. METHODS: An open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial comparing the three treatment regimens at four and eight weeks after treatment. The study sample consisted of 120 adults (40 per treatment arm) aged 20 to 55 years referred from four different primary health care centres in western Sweden for psychological distress. Psychological distress was evaluated at baseline, and after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD). Treatment sessions lasted about 60 minutes in IT and 45 minutes in TA. RESULTS: No baseline differences were found between groups on HAD depression or anxiety. HAD anxiety and depression decreased significantly more in the IT and TA groups than in the CT group both after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment, but not between IT and TA. Improvements in the TA and IT groups were large and clinically significant, whereas CT effects were small and clinically non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: Both IT and TA appear to be beneficial in reducing anxiety and depression in primary care patients referred for psychological distress, whereas CT does not. These results need to be confirmed in larger, longer-term studies addressing potentially confounding design issues in the present study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN trial number NCT01631500.  
  Address Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. tina.arvidsdotter@vgregion.se.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 120  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Stress, Psychological
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 37  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Arvidsdotter, T.; Marklund, B.; Taft, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Six-month effects of integrative treatment, therapeutic acupuncture and conventional treatment in alleviating psychological distress in primary care patients--follow up from an open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2014 Publication BMC complementary and alternative medicine Abbreviated Journal BMC Complement Altern Med  
  Volume 14 Issue 210 Pages 1-10  
  Keywords RCT; Mental Disorders; Anxiety; Depression; Depressive Disorder; Stress, Psychological; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Usual Care Control, Multimodality; CAM Control; Salutogenic Counseling  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare 6-month effects of 8 weeks of an integrative treatment (IT), therapeutic acupuncture (TA), and conventional treatment (CT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression and in improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) and sense of coherence (SOC) in psychologically distressed primary care patients. METHODS: Patients who had participated in an open, pragmatic randomized controlled trial were followed up six months after treatment. The study sample consisted of 120 adults (40 per treatment arm) aged 20 to 55 years referred from four different primary health care centres in western Sweden for psychological distress. Assessments were made at baseline after eight weeks and after 24 weeks. Anxiety and depression were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), HRQL with the SF-36 Mental Component Summary scores (MCS) and SOC with the Sense of Coherence-13 questionnaire. RESULTS: No baseline differences were found between groups on any outcome variable. At 24 weeks, IT and TA had significantly better values than CT on all variables. All three groups showed significant improvements from baseline on all variables, except HAD depression in CT; however, improvements were significantly greater in IT and TA than in CT. IT and TA did not differ on any outcome variable. Effect sizes were large in IT and TA for all variables and small or moderate in CT. Improvements on all variables seen after 8-weeks of IT and TA remained stable at 24 weeks and the CT group improved on HAD anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: IT and TA seem to be more beneficial than CT in reducing anxiety, depression, and in improving quality of life and sense of coherence after 24 weeks of follow up in patients with psychological distress. More research is needed to confirm these results. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN trial number NCT01631500.  
  Address Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. tina.arvidsdotter@vgregion.se.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 120  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Depressive Disorder
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 38  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Asheghan, M.; Aghda, A.K.; Hashemi, E.; Hollisaz, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Acupuncture In The Treatment Of Frozen Shoulder Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Materia Socio-Medica Abbreviated Journal Mater Sociomed  
  Volume 28 Issue 4 Pages 253-257  
  Keywords Acupuncture; Frozen Shoulder; Physiotherapy  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis is a common disease that causes pain and reduced range of motion, but vague on the shoulder. Woman are affected fewer than men, but there is no known racial or genetic tendency. Most patients with adhesive capsulitis will improve with nonsurgical treatment. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief in patients without contraindication are first-line options. Acupuncture considered being safe and effective in reducing pain. The aim of this study was to Investigation of the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of frozen shoulder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a controlled clinical trial, patients referred to the Baqiatallah clinic in 91 years with shoulder pain, frozen shoulder diagnosed based on history and physical exam, they have been enrolled. Indicators measured in the study was included the involved joint pain, range of motion and quality of life. Patients, first at baseline, one and a half months later (end of session) and then 3 months after the examination information about each individual entered in the from of questionnaires were pre-determined and data were analyzed by SPSS 17 software. RESULTS: In this clinical trial study total 40 patients with frozen shoulder (20 interference with the acupuncture and 20 people control) study that patients average age 55/54. Age maximum 71 years and minimum 44 years. Acupuncture in the treatment of frozen shoulder with the results achieved in the general case acupuncture may improve shoulder motion in patients. VAS index at three months after treatment compared with the control group had a greater improvement. CONCLUSION: In the case of acupuncture and ultimately improve the overall look of all the movement of flexion and adduction of the shoulder, but the movement has been further improved, VAS index at three months after treatment compared with the control group had a greater improvement and finally, we perform acupuncture as a way to improve shoulder motion in patients with frozen shoulder offered.  
  Address Baqyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27698596; PMCID:PMC5034968 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2150  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Asher, G. N.; Coeytaux, R. R.; Chen, W.; Reilly, A. C.; Loh, Y. L.; Harper, T. C. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture to initiate labor (Acumoms 2): A randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of maternal-fetal and neonatal medicine Abbreviated Journal J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Labor, Induced; Penetrating Sham; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Unspecified; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Labor, Obstetric; Obstetric Surgical Procedures  
  Abstract Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture for labor stimulation. Methods. Nulliparous women at 38 weeks or greater were randomized to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or usual care only groups. Acupuncture points LI4, SP6, BL32, and BL54 were needled bilaterally. The primary outcome was time from enrollment to delivery. Secondary outcomes included rates of spontaneous labor and cesarean delivery. Medical records were abstracted for maternal demographic, medical, and delivery outcome data. ANOVA, Student's t-test, Chi-square, and Kaplan-Meier statistics were used to compare groups. Results. Eighty-nine women were enrolled and randomized. Maternal age, gestational age, prior acupuncture experience, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, gravida, and history of gynecological surgery were similar among the groups. There were no statistically significant differences among groups for time from enrollment to delivery (p = 0.20), rates of spontaneous labor (p = 0.66), or rates of cesarean delivery (p = 0.37). Rates of maternal and neonatal outcomes were not significantly different. Conclusion. TCM acupuncture was not effective in initiating spontaneous labor or reducing the rate of cesarean delivery compared with sham acupuncture or usual medical care  
  Address Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 89  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Labor, Induced
  Disease Category Obstetric Surgical Procedures OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 39  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Asher, G. N.; Jonas, D. E.; Coeytaux, R. R.; Reilly, A. C.; Loh, Y. L.; Motsinger-Reif, A. A.; Winham, S. J. url  openurl
  Title Auriculotherapy for pain management: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 16 Issue 10 Pages 1097-1108  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Pain; Auricular Acupuncture  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: Side-effects of standard pain medications can limit their use. Therefore, nonpharmacologic pain relief techniques such as auriculotherapy may play an important role in pain management. Our aim was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating auriculotherapy for pain management. DESIGN: MEDLINE,((R)) ISI Web of Science, CINAHL, AMED, and Cochrane Library were searched through December 2008. Randomized trials comparing auriculotherapy to sham, placebo, or standard-of-care control were included that measured outcomes of pain or medication use and were published in English. Two (2) reviewers independently assessed trial eligibility, quality, and abstracted data to a standardized form. Standardized mean differences (SMD) were calculated for studies using a pain score or analgesic requirement as a primary outcome. RESULTS: Seventeen (17) studies met inclusion criteria (8 perioperative, 4 acute, and 5 chronic pain). Auriculotherapy was superior to controls for studies evaluating pain intensity (SMD, 1.56 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85, 2.26]; 8 studies). For perioperative pain, auriculotherapy reduced analgesic use (SMD, 0.54 [95% CI: 0.30, 0.77]; 5 studies). For acute pain and chronic pain, auriculotherapy reduced pain intensity (SMD for acute pain, 1.35 [95% CI: 0.08, 2.64], 2 studies; SMD for chronic pain, 1.84 [95% CI: 0.60, 3.07], 5 studies). Removal of poor quality studies did not alter the conclusions. Significant heterogeneity existed among studies of acute and chronic pain, but not perioperative pain. CONCLUSIONS: Auriculotherapy may be effective for the treatment of a variety of types of pain, especially postoperative pain. However, a more accurate estimate of the effect will require further large, well-designed trials.  
  Address Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. gasher@med.unc.edu  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Pain
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 40  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ashraf, A.; Zarei, F.; Hadianfard, M. J.; Kazemi, B.; Mohammadi, S.; Naseri, M.; Nasseri, A.; Khodadadi, M.; Sayadi, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Comparison the effect of lateral wedge insole and acupuncture in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication The Knee Abbreviated Journal Knee  
  Volume 21 Issue Pages 439-444  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Arthritis; Osteoarthritis, Knee; Pain; RCT; Acupuncture Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Physical  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: There is lack of well-designed trials evaluating structural benefits of non-pharmacologic therapies in knee osteoarthritis (OA). In this parallel-group randomized controlled trial, we aim to compare the possible advantages of lateral wedge insole and acupuncture in patients with medial knee OA. METHOD: Patients with grade two or three of medial knee OA were randomly allocated to group one who received an in shoe lateral wedge and group two who underwent acupuncture. We assessed patients' pain, function and knee joint cartilage thickness before and after intervention. Paired t-test and independent samples t-test were used for in group and between group analyses. (Level of evidence: 2.) RESULTS: Twenty patients in each group were recruited in the study. Pain significantly decreased after therapy in both groups one and two (paired t test, P<0.001, 95% CI: 1.62-3.25 and 1.58-3.20 respectively). Function improved in each group (paired t test, P=0.001, 95% CI of 0.94-2.38 in group one and 0.97-2.43 in group two). A non-clinically statistically significant difference regarding the femoral and tibial cartilage thickness was obtained in both groups one (P=0.005, CI: -0.43-0.82 and P=0.037, CI: -0.44-0.80 respectively) and two (P=0.025, CI: -0.45-0.79 and P=0.035, CI: -0.29-0.96 respectively). Between groups analysis showed no significant difference regarding abovementioned measures. CONCLUSION: Both lateral wedge insole and acupuncture can be effective in the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis without any superiority of one over the other.  
  Address Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Burn Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.; Department of Radiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shira  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Knee
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 41  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ashton, H.; Ebenezer, I.; Golding, J.F.; Thompson, J.W. openurl 
  Title Effects of acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on cold-induced pain in normal subjects Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1984 Publication Journal of psychosomatic research Abbreviated Journal J Psychosom Res  
  Volume 28 Issue 4 Pages 301-308  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Rct; Healthy Subjects; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; CAM Control; Tens; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation  
  Abstract The effects of acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) at high (100 Hz) and low (8 Hz) frequency and placebo on pain induced by cold immersion of the hand were studied in 46 young healthy male and female volunteers. Acupuncture produced significant elevations of pain threshold, while 100 Hz TENS or placebo had no effect. Eight Hertz TENS produced elevation of pain threshold with significant variation in response between individuals. There was some evidence that the L scale score of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire predicted analgesic outcome for 8 Hz TENS. No significant relationship was found between baseline pain threshold or tolerance and personality variables.  
  Address Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency N/A Number of Participants 46  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Healthy Subjects
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 2/12/2015; Date Modified: 2/19/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; Healthy Subjects; Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=6332903 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1759  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Assefi, N. P.; Sherman, K. J.; Jacobsen, C.; Goldberg, J.; Smith, W. R.; Buchwald, D. url  openurl
  Title A randomized clinical trial of acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture in fibromyalgia Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication Annals of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Ann Intern Med  
  Volume 143 Issue 1 Pages 10-19  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Adverse Effects; Fibromyalgia; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Nervous System Diseases  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common chronic pain condition for which patients frequently use acupuncture. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acupuncture relieves pain in fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Randomized, sham-controlled trial in which participants, data collection staff, and data analysts were blinded to treatment group. SETTING: Private acupuncture offices in the greater Seattle, Washington, metropolitan area. PATIENTS: 100 adults with fibromyalgia. INTERVENTION: Twice-weekly treatment for 12 weeks with an acupuncture program that was specifically designed to treat fibromyalgia, or 1 of 3 sham acupuncture treatments: acupuncture for an unrelated condition, needle insertion at nonacupoint locations, or noninsertive simulated acupuncture. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was subjective pain as measured by a 10-cm visual analogue scale ranging from 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain ever). Measurements were obtained at baseline; 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment; and 3 and 6 months after completion of treatment. Participant blinding and adverse effects were ascertained by self-report. The primary outcomes were evaluated by pooling the 3 sham-control groups and comparing them with the group that received acupuncture to treat fibromyalgia. RESULTS: The mean subjective pain rating among patients who received acupuncture for fibromyalgia did not differ from that in the pooled sham acupuncture group (mean between-group difference, 0.5 cm [95% CI, -0.3 cm to 1.2 cm]). Participant blinding was adequate throughout the trial, and no serious adverse effects were noted. LIMITATIONS: A prescription of acupuncture at fixed points may differ from acupuncture administered in clinical settings, in which therapy is individualized and often combined with herbal supplementation and other adjunctive measures. A usual-care comparison group was not studied. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture was no better than sham acupuncture at relieving pain in fibromyalgia  
  Address The Group Health Cooperative Center for Health Studies, and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 24  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score 88  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 42  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Au, D.W.; Tsang, H.W.; Ling, P.P.; Leung, C.H.; Ip, P.K.; Cheung, W.M. doi  openurl
  Title Effects of acupressure on anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quantify the effects of acupressure on anxiety among adults. METHODOLOGY: RCTs published between January 1997 and February 2014, comparing acupressure with sham control, were identified from the databases Science Citation Index/Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, PubMed and PsycINFO. Meta-analysis of eligible studies was performed and the magnitude of the overall effect size was calculated for the anxiety outcome. Revised STRICTA (the Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture) criteria were used to appraise the acupressure procedures, and the Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. RESULTS: Of 39 potentially relevant studies, seven RCTs met the inclusion criteria for review while five studies met the criteria for meta-analysis. All studies reported the positive effect of acupressure on relieving anxiety from the anticipation of surgery or treatment. EX-HN3 (Yintang), HT7 (Shenmen) were the commonest points selected and two studies used bilateral points. The acupressure procedure was generally well reported and studies had a low risk of bias. The combined results of the five trials showed a greater overall reduction in anxiety in the acupressure group than in the sham controls (standardised mean differences (SMD)=-1.11; 95% CI -1.61 to -0.61; p<0.0001 heterogeneity: I2=75%; chi2=16.17; p=0.003; r=0.485). CONCLUSIONS: Acupressure seems to be effective in providing immediate relief of pretreatment anxiety among adults, and has a medium effect size. However, conflicting results were found for the improvements on physiological indicators. More rigorous reporting, including allocation concealment procedure, is needed to strengthen the results.  
  Address  
  Publisher Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/gro
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 6/23/2015; Date Modified: 6/30/2015; Priority: Normal; Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.; Eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=26002571 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1610  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Au, D.W.H.; Tsang, H.W.H.; Ling, P.P.M.; Leung, C.H.T.; Ip, P.K.; Cheung, W.M. url  openurl
  Title Effects of acupressure on anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Acupuncture in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Acupuncture in Medicine  
  Volume 33 Issue 5 Pages 353-359  
  Keywords ANXIETY -- Treatment; Acupressure; CHI-squared test; CONFIDENCE intervals; INFORMATION storage & retrieval systems -- Psychology; Medline; META-analysis; ONLINE information services; SYSTEMATIC reviews (Medical research); DATA analysis -- Software; DESCRIPTIVE statistics  
  Abstract Objective To evaluate the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quantify the effects of acupressure on anxiety among adults. Methodology RCTs published between January 1997 and February 2014, comparing acupressure with sham control, were identified from the databases Science Citation Index/Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, PubMed and PsycINFO. Meta-analysis of eligible studies was performed and the magnitude of the overall effect size was calculated for the anxiety outcome. Revised STRICTA (the Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture) criteria were used to appraise the acupressure procedures, and the Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. Results Of 39 potentially relevant studies, seven RCTs met the inclusion criteria for review while five studies met the criteria for meta-analysis. All studies reported the positive effect of acupressure on relieving anxiety from the anticipation of surgery or treatment. EX-HN3 (Yintang), HT7 (Shenmen) were the commonest points selected and two studies used bilateral points. The acupressure procedure was generally well reported and studies had a low risk of bias. The combined results of the five trials showed a greater overall reduction in anxiety in the acupressure group than in the sham controls (standardised mean differences (SMD)=-1.11; 95% CI -1.61 to -0.61; p<0.0001 heterogeneity: I²=75%; ?²=16.17; p=0.003; r=0.485). Conclusions Acupressure seems to be effective in providing immediate relief of pretreatment anxiety among adults, and has a medium effect size. However, conflicting results were found for the improvements on physiological indicators. More rigorous reporting, including allocation concealment procedure, is needed to strengthen the results.  
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  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 110629213; Source Information: Oct2015, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p353; Subject Term: ANXIETY -- Treatment; Subject Term: ACUPRESSURE; Subject Term: CHI-squared test; Subject Term: CONFIDENCE intervals; Subject Term: INFORMATION storage & retrieval systems -- Psychology; Subject Term: MEDLINE; Subject Term: META-analysis; Subject Term: ONLINE information services; Subject Term: SYSTEMATIC reviews (Medical research); Subject Term: DATA analysis -- Software; Subject Term: DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Subject Term: ; Number of Pages: 7p; ; Illustrations: 2 Diagrams, 2 Charts; ; Document Type: Article; Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2274  
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Author (up) Au-Yeung, S.S.Y.; Hui-Chan, C.W.Y. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Electrical acupoint stimulation of the affected arm in acute stroke: a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Clinical Rehabilitation Abbreviated Journal Clin Rehabil  
  Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 149-158  
  Keywords Stroke -- Complications; Hemiplegia -- Therapy; Electroacupuncture -- Methods; Human; Randomized Controlled Trials; Funding Source; Double-Blind Studies; Post Hoc Analysis; Clinical Assessment Tools; Grip Strength; Hong Kong; Data Analysis Software; Chi Square Test; Analysis of Variance; Scales; Male; Female; Aged; Aged, 80 and Over; Descriptive Statistics  
  Abstract  
  Address Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA  
  Publisher Sage Publications Inc.
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category OCSI Score  
  Notes Accession Number: 104007212. Language: English. Entry Date: 20140124. Revision Date: 20150710. Publication Type: Journal Article; research; tables/charts; randomized controlled trial. Journal Subset: Allied Health; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland. Special Interest: Physical Therapy. Instrumentation: Action Research Arm Test (ARAT); National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Grant Information: This work was supported by an Area of Strategic Development grant from The Hong Kong Polytechnic University to the corresponding author, CWY Hui-Chan.. NLM UID: 8802181. Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ 104007212 Serial 2387  
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Author (up) Aune, A.; Alraek, T.; LiHua, H.; Baerheim, A. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the prophylaxis of recurrent lower urinary tract infection in adult women Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Scandinavian journal of primary health care Abbreviated Journal Scand J Prim Health Care  
  Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 37-39  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Penetrating Sham; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Urinary Tract Infection; Urologic Diseases; Women's Health  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of acupuncture in the prevention of recurrent lower urinary tract infection (UTI) in adult women. DESIGN: A controlled clinical trial with three arms: an acupuncture group, a sham-acupuncture group, and an untreated control group. Patients were followed for 6 months. SETTING: An acupuncture clinic in Bergen, Norway. SUBJECTS: Sixty-seven adult women with a history of recurrent lower UTI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Acute lower UTIs during the 6-month observation period. RESULTS: Eighty-five percent were free of lower UTI during the 6-month observation period in the acupuncture group, compared with 58% in the sham group (p < 0.05), and 36% in the control group (p < 0.01). There were half as many episodes of lower UTI per person-half-year in the acupuncture group as in the sham group, and a third as many as in the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture seems a worthwhile alternative in the prevention of recurring lower UTI in women  
  Address Bryggen Medisinske Senter, University of Bergen, Norway  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 20 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 67  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Urinary Tract Infection
  Disease Category Urologic Diseases OCSI Score 54  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 43  
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Author (up) Avants, S. K.; Margolin, A.; Chang, P.; Kosten, T. R.; Birch, S. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for the treatment of cocaine addiction. Investigation of a needle puncture control Type of Study RCT
  Year 1995 Publication Journal of substance abuse treatment Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 195-205  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; HIV Infections; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Cocaine-Related Disorders; Substance-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract We conducted a 6-week, single-blind study of acupuncture for cocaine dependence in methadone-maintained patients (N = 40) for the purpose of identifying an appropriate needle puncture control for use in future large-scale clinical trials. Patients were randomly assigned to receive daily acupuncture in three auricular sites plus one body site (LI-4), or in control sites within 2-3 mm of the four active sites. Overall, there was a positive response to treatment on a variety of drug-related and psychosocial measures. Cocaine use decreased significantly for patients in both needle puncture groups. The only statistically significant difference between the two types of needle puncture was on ratings of craving. Subjects rated each type of needle puncture as equally credible and perceived no significant differences on the acute effects of the two types of needle insertions. Power calculations based on these findings suggest that very large sample sizes would be required to detect treatment differences between this control condition and active acupuncture. Alternative controls are suggested, and the challenges inherent in implementing controlled clinical trials of acupuncture are discussed  
  Address Yale University School of Medicine, CMHC/Substance Abuse Center, New Haven, CT 06519, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Cocaine-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 44  
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Author (up) Avants, S. K.; Margolin, A.; Holford, T. R.; Kosten, T. R. url  openurl
  Title A randomized controlled trial of auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2000 Publication Archives of internal medicine Abbreviated Journal Arch Intern Med  
  Volume 160 Issue 15 Pages 2305-2312  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Drug Addiction; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Substance-Related Disorders; Cocaine-Related Disorders; Group Acupuncture Style; Relaxation; Substance Abuse  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Partly because of a lack of a conventional, effective treatment for cocaine addiction, auricular acupuncture is used to treat this disorder in numerous drug treatment facilities across the country for both primary cocaine-dependent and opiate-dependent populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture for the treatment of cocaine addiction. METHODS: Eighty-two cocaine-dependent, methadone-maintained patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: auricular acupuncture, a needle-insertion control condition, or a no-needle relaxation control. Treatment sessions were provided 5 times weekly for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was cocaine use assessed by 3-times-weekly urine toxicology screens. RESULTS: Longitudinal analysis of the urine data for the intent-to-treat sample showed that patients assigned to acupuncture were significantly more likely to provide cocaine-negative urine samples relative to both the relaxation control (odds ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-8.72; P =. 01) and the needle-insertion control (odds ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-5.75; P =.05). CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the current study suggest that acupuncture shows promise for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted  
  Address Substance Abuse Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 40  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 82  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Cocaine-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 83  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 45  
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Author (up) Avis, N. E.; Legault, C.; Coeytaux, R. R.; Pian-Smith, M.; Shifren, J. L.; Chen, W.; Valaskatgis, P. url  openurl
  Title A randomized, controlled pilot study of acupuncture treatment for menopausal hot flashes Type of Study RCT
  Year 2008 Publication Menopause : the journal of the North American Menopause Society Abbreviated Journal Menopause  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Hot Flashes; Penetrating Sham; Menopause; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Pilot Study; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Women's Health; Climacteric  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the feasibility of conducting a randomized trial of the effect of acupuncture in decreasing hot flashes in peri- and postmenopausal women. DESIGN:: Fifty-six women ages 44 to 55 with no menses in the past 3 months and at least four hot flashes per day were recruited from two clinical centers and randomized to one of three treatment groups: usual care (n = 19), sham acupuncture (n = 18), or Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncture (n = 19). Acupuncture treatments were scheduled twice weekly for 8 consecutive weeks. The sham acupuncture group received shallow needling in nontherapeutic sites. The Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncture group received one of four treatments based on a Traditional Chinese Medicine diagnosis. Usual care participants were instructed to not initiate any new treatments for hot flashes during the study. Daily diaries were used to track frequency and severity of hot flashes. The mean daily index score was based on the number of mild, moderate, and severe hot flashes. Follow-up analyses were adjusted for baseline values, clinical center, age, and body mass index. RESULTS:: There was a significant decrease in mean frequency of hot flashes between weeks 1 and 8 across all groups (P = 0.01), although the differences between the three study groups were not significant. However, the two acupuncture groups showed a significantly greater decrease than the usual care group (P < 0.05), but did not differ from each other. Results followed a similar pattern for the hot flash index score. There were no significant effects for changes in hot flash interference, sleep, mood, health-related quality of life, or psychological well-being. CONCLUSIONS:: These results suggest either that there is a strong placebo effect or that both traditional and sham acupuncture significantly reduce hot flash frequency  
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  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 8 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 56  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Menopause
  Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 46  
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Author (up) Axelsson, A.; Andersson, S.; Gu, L. D. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the management of tinnitus: A placebo controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 1994 Publication Abbreviated Journal Audiology  
  Volume 33 Issue Pages 351-360  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Sham TENS; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tinnitus; Verum Acupoint Control; Ear Diseases; Symptom Based Point Selection  
  Abstract The present study was performed on 20 patients randomly selected from a large group with noise-induced tinnitus in order to investigate the effect of acupuncture on their tinnitus. The patients were divided into two groups. One group first received classical Chinese needle acupuncture for 5 weeks, and the other was given a placebo procedure; after a 2-week interval, the procedures were reversed. A single-blind cross-over design was used. Acupuncture was given by a Chinese otolaryngologist around the ear as well as at distal points on the extremities. Placebo consisted of mock electrical stimulation via surface electrodes connected to a Chinese electro-acupuncture stimulator which delivered a weak sound and a light flash at a frequency of 2 Hz but no current to the surface electrodes. The effect was evaluated by the use of visual analogue scales. No significant difference between acupuncture and placebo was found in annoyance, awareness or loudness of the tinnitus. Many patients indicated a preference for acupuncture due to unspecific effects such as improved sleep, decreased muscle tension and improved blood circulation. It is concluded that acupuncture has no specific alleviating effect on noise-induced tinnitus.  
  Address  
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  Language Number of Treatments 15  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Tinnitus
  Disease Category Ear Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 47  
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Author (up) Aydin, S.; Ercan, M.; Caskurlu, T.; Tasci, A. I.; Karaman, I.; Odabas, O.; Yilmaz, Y.; Agargun, M. Y.; Kara, H.; Sevin, G. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions in the treatment of non-organic male sexual dysfunction Type of Study RCT
  Year 1997 Publication Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology Abbreviated Journal Scand J Urol Nephrol  
  Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 271-274  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Hypnosis; Impotence; Genital Diseases, Male; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Sexual Dysfunctions, Physiological; Erectile Dysfunction  
  Abstract We have examined the effects of acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions, and compared them with placebo in the treatment of male sexual dysfunction with no detectable organic cause. The study comprised 15 men (mean age 36.7 +/- 10.43 years) who received acupuncture treatment, 16 men (mean age 38.4 +/- 10.75 years) who underwent hypnosis (mean age 35.3 +/- 11.52 years) and 29 men (mean age 36.2 +/- 11.38 years) who served as controls. They were interviewed periodically; the patients' reports were verified by interviewing their partners. Men who received placebo had a 43-47% improvement in sexual function, while the rates of improvement in the treated groups were higher, but not significantly so. The success rates of acupuncture and hypnotic suggestions were 60% and 75% respectively. Although the improvement was not statistically significant, treatment with acupuncture could be used as an adjuvant therapy in non-organic male sexual dysfunction. The only treatment superior to placebo seemed to be hypnosis. A more effective treatment may be obtained by combining these therapeutic modalities, but this needs further study  
  Address Department of Urology, Medical School of Yuzuncu Yil University, Istanbul, Turkey  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Male OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 48  
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