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Author Duan, G.; He, J.; Zeng, Z.; Tang, Q.; Sun, S. url  openurl
  Title Comparison of Effects of Acupuncture on Cerebral Infarction in Different Parts Type of Study RCT
  Year 1998 Publication Abbreviated Journal World J Acupunct-Moxibustion  
  Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 3-7  
  Keywords Cerebral Infarction; Stroke; RCT; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; AcuTrials;  
  Abstract 92 cases of acute cerebral infarction confirmed by CT were assigned to cerebral hemisphere surface infarction group and cerebral hemisphere deep infarction group according to infarction parts. The two groups were further divided randomly into acupuncture groups and simple drug control groups, respectively, i.e, surface infarction acupuncture group, surface infarction control group, deep infarction acupuncture group and deep infarction control group. Changes of nervous function before and after treatment were investigated in the 4 groups. Results indicated that acupuncture treatment had a definite therapeutic effect on acute cerebral infarction, but it had different effects on cerebral infarction of different parts, that is, the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on cerebral suface infarction was superior to that on deep infarction. It is suggested that effects of acupuncture are related closely with the infarction part.  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 30  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 92  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Cerebral Infarction
  Disease Category Stroke OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 265  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duncan, B.; Barton, L.; Edmonds, D.; Blashill, B. M. url  openurl
  Title Parental perceptions of the therapeutic effect from osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture in children with spastic cerebral palsy Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Clin Pediatr (Phila)  
  Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 349-353  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Auricular Acupuncture; Cerebral Palsy; Craniosacral Therapy; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Osteopathic Medicine; Pediatrics; RCT; Scalp Acupuncture; Muscle Spasticity; Usual Care Control, Physical; Unspecified Acupuncture Style; Wait-List Control  
  Abstract SUMMARY: Fifty children were involved in a randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of either osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture as a 6-month therapeutic adjunct for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Exit interviews were used to obtain parental perceptions and form the basis of this report. Only 2 of 17 parents reported positive gains while their child was in a wait-list control period but all 17 reported gains while in the treatment phase of the study. Ninety-six percent (48 of 50) of the parents reported some improvement while their child was receiving treatments but the gains varied from child to child. The most frequent gains were seen in improvement in the use of arms or legs (61% and 68%) and more restful sleep (39% and 68%) in the osteopathic and the acupuncture groups, respectively. Improvement in mood and improved bowel function were also very common benefits noted by the parents in both groups. Clin Pediatr. 2004;43:349-353  
  Address University of Arizona, Department of Pediatrics, Tucson, AZ  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 69  
  Time in Treatment 24 Weeks Condition Cerebral Palsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 267  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Duncan, B.; Shen, K.; Zou, L. P.; Han, T. L.; Lu, Z. L.; Zheng, H.; Walsh, M.; Venker, C.; Su, Y.; Schnyer, R.; Caspi, O. url  openurl
  Title Evaluating intense rehabilitative therapies with and without acupuncture for children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Abbreviated Journal Arch Phys Med Rehabil  
  Volume 93 Issue 5 Pages 808-815  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Nervous System Diseases; Cerebral Palsy; Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acupuncture; Manualized Acupuncture Protocol; Usual Care Control, Physical; Pediatrics; Electroacupuncture; Massage; Scalp Acupuncture  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of conventional therapies (physical, occupational, and hydrotherapies) plus acupuncture with those without acupuncture when administered intensely in the management of children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Evaluation-blind, prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Therapies and video-recorded assessments at a children's hospital in Beijing, China, and blind scoring and data analyses at a university in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children (N=75), 12 to 72 months of age, with spastic CP. INTERVENTIONS: Intensely administered (5 times per week for 12wk) physical therapy, occupational therapy, and hydrotherapy either with acupuncture (group 1) or without acupuncture (group 2). To satisfy standard of care, group 2 subsequently received acupuncture (weeks 16-28). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-66 and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) assessments at 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 28 weeks. RESULTS: At the end of 12 weeks, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups, but when group 2 received acupuncture (16-28wk) there was a shift toward improvement in the GMFM-66 and the PEDI-Functional Skills Self-Care and Mobility domain. When groups were combined, statistically significant improvements after intense therapies occurred from baseline to 12 weeks for each outcome measure at each Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level. After adjusting for expected normative maturational gains based on age, the GMFM gains for children with GMFCS II level was statistically significant (P<.05) with a mean gain of 6.5 versus a predicted gain of 3.4. CONCLUSIONS: Intense early administered rehabilitation improves function in children with spastic CP. The contribution from acupuncture was unclear. Children's response varied widely, suggesting the importance of defining clinical profiles that identify which children might benefit most. Further research should explore how this approach might apply in the U.S.  
  Address Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. bduncan@peds.arizona.edu  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 60  
  Treatment Follow-up 16 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 75  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Cerebral Palsy
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 269  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dundee, J. W.; Ghaly, G.; Fitzpatrick, K. T. openurl 
  Title Randomised comparison of the antiemetic effects of metoclopramide and electro-acupuncture in cancer chemotherapy Type of Study RCT
  Year 1988 Publication Abbreviated Journal Proc BPS  
  Volume 6 Issue 1 Pages 678-678  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Electroacupuncture; Emesis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Nausea; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Vomiting; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 20  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 272  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dune, L. S.; Shiao, S. Y. url  openurl
  Title Meta Analysis of acu-stimulation effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting in children Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal Explore (NY)  
  Volume 2 Issue 4 Pages 314-320  
  Keywords Acupressure; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Emesis; Laser Acupuncture; Meta-Analysis; Nausea; Pediatrics; Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting; Systematic Review; Vomiting;  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Using metaanalysis, we sought to determine acustimulation (AS) effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children. METHODS: Metaanalyses were performed on various acupoint AS effects including acupressure, acupuncture, laser acupuncture, and electrical stimulation (ETS) on PONV in children. On-line databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 1966 through May 2005. In addition, the reference lists of reviewed papers were scanned for additional trials. The identified RCTs were evaluated for methodological quality using the Quality Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUOROM) guidelines, and results were pooled using the fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Twelve RCTs were pooled for the outcomes of 24-hour PONV including 12 trials for vomiting and two trials for nausea. Compared with the control groups, all AS modalities reduced vomiting (RR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.59-0.80, P < .0001) and nausea (RR = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.46-0.76, P < .0001). Acupressure (two trials) and acupuncture (six trials) modalities were effective in reducing vomiting (P < .005); however, ETS (two trials) did not show significant effects in reducing the vomiting (P = .118) in children. Compared with the controls, medications (three trials) reduced vomiting (RR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.22-0.7, P = .0056). There were no differences between the medication and AS treatments (three trials) in reducing vomiting (RR = 1.25, 95% CI: 0.54-2.93, P = .6025). CONCLUSIONS: This metaanalysis demonstrated that acupressure and acupuncture are effective treatment modalities to reduce postoperative vomiting in children. Acupuncture treatment is as effective as medications to reduce vomiting in children. Acupuncture had the greatest impact on reducing vomiting when compared with acupressure and ETS in children  
  Address University of Texas School of Nursing at Houston, Houston, TX  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Emesis
  Disease Category Systematic Review OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 273  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ecevit, A.; Ince, D. A.; Tarcan, A.; Cabioglu, M. T.; Kurt, A. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in preterm babies during minor painful procedures Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 31 Issue 4 Pages 308-310  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain, Intraoperative; Cross-Over Design; Acu Versus No Treatment; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; No Treatment Control; Pediatrics  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate analgesic effects of acupuncture in preterm neonates during minor painful procedures. METHODS: Ten preterm neonates requiring heel prick for blood gas analysis were enrolled in the study, which had a crossover design. Oxygen saturation, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, and crying duration were recorded before and after heel prick. Babies were given expressed breast milk before each procedure. Patients were randomly assigned to receive acupuncture or not, and the groups were crossed over on the following day, so that patients who had received acupuncture received only breast milk, and the previous breast milk only group received both acupuncture and breast milk. The neonatal infant pain scale (NIPS) was used for pain evaluation. RESULTS: Crying duration and NIPS pain scores during heel prick were lower in the neonates who had received acupuncture. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture is an effective method for the treatment of pain in neonates.  
  Address Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 10  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Pain, Intraoperative
  Disease Category Anesthesia and Analgesia OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 277  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enblom, A.; Johnsson, A.; Hammar, M.; Onelov, E.; Steineck, G.; Borjeson, S. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture compared with placebo acupuncture in radiotherapy-induced nausea--a randomized controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2011 Publication Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO Abbreviated Journal Ann Oncol  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Vomiting; Nausea; RCT; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Emesis  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: It is not known if verum (real) acupuncture is effective for nausea and vomiting (emesis) during radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomly treated 215 blinded cancer patients with verum: penetrating 'deqi' creating acupuncture (n = 109) or non-penetrating sham needles (n = 106) two to three times per week. The patients documented emesis daily during the radiotherapy period. Primary end point was the number of patients with at least one episode of nausea. RESULTS: In the verum and the sham acupuncture group, 70% and 62% experienced nausea at least once during the radiotherapy period (relative risk 1.1, 95% CI 0.9-1.4) for a mean number of 10.1 and 8.7 days. Twenty five percent and 28% vomited, and 42% and 37% used antiemetic drugs at least once, respectively. Ninety-five percent in the verum acupuncture group and 96% in the sham acupuncture group believed that the treatment had been effective against nausea. In both groups, 67% experienced positive effects on relaxation, mood, sleep or pain reduction and 89% wished to receive the treatment again. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture creating deqi is not more effective than sham in radiotherapy-induced nausea, but in this study, nearly all patients in both groups experienced that the treatment was effective for nausea.  
  Address Division of Nursing Science, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping.  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 13  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 237  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Nausea
  Disease Category Vomiting OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 290  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Engelhardt, P. F.; Daha, L. K.; Zils, T.; Simak, R.; Konig, K.; Pfluger, H. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in the treatment of psychogenic erectile dysfunction: first results of a prospective randomized placebo-controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Int J Impot Res  
  Volume 15 Issue 5 Pages 343-346  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Erectile Dysfunction; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Impotence; Penetrating Sham; Genital Diseases, Male; Non Specific Acupoint Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological;  
  Abstract In a prospective study, we investigated the potentially curative effect of acupuncture in patients with psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED). A total of 22 patients with pED were randomized into two groups. They were either treated with acupunture specific against ED (treatment group) or acupuncture specific against headache (placebo group). Nonresponders of the placebo group were crossed over to the treatment group. Prior to acupuncture, serum sexual hormone levels, IIEF score, nocturnal penile tumescence testing for three nights (Rigiscan) and the erectile response to 50 mg sildenafil were evaluated. Out of 21 patients, 20 completed the study, including 10 patients after crossover. A satisfactory response was achieved in 68.4% of the treatment group and in 9% of the placebo group (P=0.0017). Another 21.05% of the pateints had improved errections, that is, sufficient rigidity under simultaneous treatment with 50 gm sildenafil. The results of our pilot study indicate that acupuncture can be an effective treatment option in more than two-thirds of patients with psychogenic erectile dysfunction.International Journal of Impotence Research (2003) 15, 343-346. doi:10.1038/sj.ijir.3901021  
  Address 1Department of Urology and Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute of Andrology and Urology  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 11  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 22  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Erectile Dysfunction
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Male OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 294  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernst, E. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture/acupressure for weight reduction? A systematic review Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 1997 Publication Abbreviated Journal Wien Klin Wochenschr  
  Volume 109 Issue 2 Pages 60-62  
  Keywords Acupressure; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Obesity; Systematic Review; Weight Loss; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases  
  Abstract Acupuncture and acupressure are often advocated and used as a means of controlling appetite and reducing body weight, supported by case-series and uncontrolled studies that show encouraging results. This paper reviews placebo/sham-controlled clinical trials published on this topic. Two independent literature searches identified four such studies. None of these is without significant methodological flaws and their results are contradictory. The two relatively rigorous trials show no effect on body weight. On balance, no clear picture emerges to show that acupuncture/acupressure is effective in reducing appetite or body weight. Claims that these forms of treatment have specific effects on these conditions are therefore not based on well-performed clinical trials  
  Address Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Obesity
  Disease Category Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 296  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernst, E.; Lee, M. S. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for palliative and supportive cancer care: a systematic review of systematic reviews Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2010 Publication Journal of pain and symptom management Abbreviated Journal J Pain Symptom Manage  
  Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages e3-5  
  Keywords Cancer; Systematic Review; AcuTrials; Hot Flashes; Xerostomia; Pain; Adverse Effects; Prostate Cancer; Leukopenia; Acupuncture; Neoplasms; Dry Mouth  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Neoplasms
  Disease Category Neoplasms OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 297  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernst, E.; Lee, M. S.; Choi, T. Y. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture for Depression? A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2010 Publication Evaluation & the health professions Abbreviated Journal Eval Health Prof  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Mental Disorders; Depressive Disorder; Depression;  
  Abstract Acupuncture is often advocated as a treatment for depression, and several trials have tested its effectiveness. Their results are contradictory and even systematic reviews of these data do not arrive at uniform conclusions. The aim of this review is to critically evaluate all systematic reviews of the subject with a view of assisting clinical decisions. Thirteen electronic databases were searched to identify all relevant articles. Data of these systematic reviews and the primary studies they included were extracted independently by the two authors according to predefined criteria. Eight systematic reviews including seventy-one primary studies were found. Five of the reviews arrived at positive conclusions and three did not. All the positive reviews and most of the positive primary studies originated from China. There are reasons to believe that these reviews are less than reliable. In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects.  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Depressive Disorder
  Disease Category Mental Disorder OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 298  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernst, E.; Lee, M. S.; Choi, T. Y. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture in obstetrics and gynecology: an overview of systematic reviews Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2011 Publication The American journal of Chinese medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Chin Med  
  Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 423-431  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Acupuncture; Genital Diseases, Female; Menstruation Disturbances; Obstetric Surgical Procedures; Pregnancy Complications  
  Abstract Acupuncture is often recommended for obstetrical and gynecological conditions but the evidence is confusing. We aim to summarize all recent systematic reviews in this area. Western and Asian electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews of any type of acupuncture for any type of gynecological conditions. Our own files were hand-searched. Systematic reviews of any type of acupuncture for any type of gynecological conditions were included. Non-systematic reviews and systematic reviews published before 2004 were excluded. No language restrictions were applied. Data were extracted according to predefined criteria and analysed narratively. Twenty-four systematic reviews were included. They relate to a wide range of gynecological conditions: hot flashes, conception, dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, nausea/vomiting, breech presentation, back pain during pregnancy, and procedural pain. Nine systematic reviews arrived with clearly positive conclusions; however, there were many contradictions and caveats. The evidence for acupuncture as a treatment of obstetrical and gynecological conditions remains limited.  
  Address Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK. Edzard.Ernst@pms.ac.uk  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Genital Diseases, Female
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Female OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 299  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernst, E.; Lee, M.S.; Choi, T. Y. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture for Addictions: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2010 Publication Abbreviated Journal Focus Altern Compl Ther  
  Volume 15 Issue 2 Pages 97-100  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Substance-Related Disorders; Acupuncture; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse;  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Substance-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 300  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fang, J. openurl 
  Title Acupuncture in the Treatment of Hypertension: A Literature Review Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2010 Publication Abbreviated Journal The Amer Acupuncturist  
  Volume Issue Summer Pages 23-26  
  Keywords Systematic Review; Cardiovascular Diseases; Hypertension; AcuTrials; Acupuncture  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Hypertension
  Disease Category Cardiovascular Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 312  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fanti, L.; Gemma, M.; Passaretti, S.; Guslandi, M.; Testoni, P. A.; Casati, A.; Torri, G. url  openurl
  Title Electroacupuncture analgesia for colonoscopy. a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal Am J Gastroenterol  
  Volume 98 Issue 2 Pages 312-316  
  Keywords Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Anxiety; Auricular Acupuncture; Colonoscopy; Electroacupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain, Intraoperative  
  Abstract A study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of acupuncture in reducing patient's discomfort and anxiety during colonoscopy with a standard sedation protocol.Thirty patients scheduled to undergo colonoscopy were randomly assigned to receive acupuncture, sham, or no acupuncture. A verbal rating scale was used to measure patient's pain when the endoscope reached four scheduled positions. Midazolam was administered at baseline and again anytime patients complained of “severe” pain. The amount of midazolam administered was recorded. A verbal rating scale was used to assess patient's satisfaction with the level of sedation achieved.Pain level was lower, although not significantly, in the acupuncture group. Midazolam boluses were required in three patients with acupuncture (30%), eight in the sham group (80%), and nine in the control group (90%) (p = 0.01). Six patients in the acupuncture group (60%) reported optimum acceptance of colonoscopy compared with only one in the sham group (10%) and none in the control group (0%) (p = 0.016). Satisfaction scores, assessed 24-72 h after colonoscopy, were extremely high (median score 90 of 100) in the three groups.Acupuncture may decrease the demand for sedative drugs during colonoscopy by reducing discomfort and anxiety of the patient and the well-known adverse effects of pharmacologic sedation  
  Address Department of Gastroenterology, Vita-Salute University of Milan, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up 2 Days Frequency N/A Number of Participants 30  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Pain, Intraoperative
  Disease Category Anesthesia and Analgesia OCSI Score 52  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 314  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Feldman, D.; Mariano, E. D. openurl 
  Title Treatment of fibromyalgia with acupuncture: a randomized placebo controlled trial of 16 weeks duration Type of Study RCT
  Year 2001 Publication Abbreviated Journal American College of Rheumatology Meeting  
  Volume 44 Issue 9 Pages -  
  Keywords Acupuncture; Fibromyalgia; RCT; Nervous System Diseases; Acu + Usual Care Versus > 1 Control; Sham Control; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; AcuTrials  
  Abstract Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome of unknown origin. Control of signs and symptoms is difficult and usually requires a multidimensional approach. With pain being a major concern, and with the high incidence of side effects with the current pharmacologic drugs used to treat these patients, alternative pain control therapies should be studied. Acupuncture is already widely used for pain management in many different musculoskeletal conditions, even when proper evidence is still lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of acupuncture in the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia. Sixty patients who fulfilled the ACR-90 criteria were randomly assigned to either one of three groups: group A, 20 patients, underwent a once a week acupuncture session for 16 weeks; group B, 20 patients, underwent sham acupuncture sessions, once a week for 16 weeks; group C, 20 patients, received only amitryptiline 25 mg. at bedtime, for 16 weeks. Patients in groups A and B also received amitryptiline in the same dose. All 3 groups were similar in baseline and demographic characteristics. Patients were evaluated at baseline, and then at weeks 4, 8, 12, and 16 by a blinded investigator to treatment groups. Evaluation consisted of a VAS scale for pain (0 to 10), the Short form questionnaire (SF-36) and the Beck inventory for depression. All individuals that completed the first 4 weeks enter the statistical analysis, with an intention to treat with last observation carried forward design. Data were analysed by repetitive measure ANOVA. Patients treated with acupuncture were the only ones to show a statistical significant improvement on all outcome measures, from week 4 up to week 16. Patients in the other 2 groups failed to improve significantly over time. When the three groups were compared, the acupuncture group was significantly better than the other two in the VAS scale for pain and the Becks depression score. In conclusion, acupuncture is a valuable method to increase pain control in these patients, and this effect does not seem to be due to a placebo effect.  
  Address Sao Paulo, Brazil  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 60  
  Time in Treatment 16 Weeks Condition Fibromyalgia
  Disease Category Nervous System Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 315  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ferro, E. C.; Biagini, A. P.; da Silva, I. E.; Silva, M. L.; Silva, J. R. url  openurl
  Title The combined effect of acupuncture and Tanacetum parthenium on quality of life in women with headache: randomised study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2012 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 30 Issue 4 Pages 252-257  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Headache Disorders; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; Herb, Single; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; CAM Control; Migraine  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of acupuncture (AC), Tanacetum (TAN) or combined treatment on quality of life in women with chronic migraine (CM). METHODS: A total of 69 women volunteers were randomly divided into 3 groups: AC, acupuncture administered in 20 sessions over 10 weeks (n=22); TAN, at 150 mg/day (n=23); and AC+TAN (n=23). The primary outcome was Short-Form 36 (SF-36) quality of life assessment score. Secondary outcomes included the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) score experienced after randomisation. RESULTS: AC+TAN was statistically significantly more effective than AC or TAN alone in overall health-related quality of life (SF-36; p<0.05), on MIDAS score (-35.1 (10.6) AC vs -24.8 (11.7) TAN vs -42.5 (9.8) AC+TAN; p<0.05) and in reducing the mean score of pain on VAS (-5.6 (2.4) AC vs -3.7 (2.1) TAN vs -6.4 (3.1) AC+TAN; p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present work shows an improvement of the quality of life and better analgesic effect of acupuncture combined with TAN treatment on migraine pain in women when compared with acupuncture or TAN alone.  
  Address Instituto Paulista de Estudos Sistemicos (IPES), Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 69  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 321  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fink, M.; Wolkenstein, E.; Luennemann, M.; Gutenbrunner, C.; Gehrke, A.; Karst, M. url  openurl
  Title Chronic Epicondylitis: Effects of Real and Sham Acupuncture Treatment: A Randomised Controlled Patient- and Examiner-Blinded Long-Term Trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal Forsch Komplementmed  
  Volume 9 Issue 4 Pages 210-215  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Sprains and Strains; Tennis Elbow; RCT; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Sham Control; Penetrating Sham; Standard Needling Depth; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Wounds and Injuries; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only;  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The clinical long-term effectiveness of real and sham acupuncture treatment on differentiated pain measurement was evaluated in chronic lateral epicondylitis, an example of a tendomyotic disorder. METHODS: Randomised, examiner- and patient-blinded controlled clinical study. Outcome measurement: pain at rest, pain on movement, pain on exertion, frequency and duration of pain. Real acupuncture (n = 23) was tested versus invasive sham acupuncture (n = 22). Ten treatments were given (2 treatments/week). Patients were examined at baseline (E1) as well as 2 weeks (E2), 2 months (E3) and 1 year (E4) after the end of treatment. In the treatment with real acupuncture, acupuncture points were selected and mechanically stimulated while in the sham group non-acupuncture points were selected. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the groups at baseline for any outcome parameter. Two weeks, 2 months and 1 year after the end of treatment there were significant reductions in all pain variables compared to baseline. At the first follow-up, significant group differences were registered for pain on motion and pain on exertion in favour to the real acupuncture group. These differences in pain intensity between the groups were no longer significant at the 2 months and 12 months follow-ups. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that, in the treatment of chronic epicondylitis, the selection of so-called real acupuncture points gives better results than invasive sham acupuncture at early follow-up. This additional effect can be interpreted as a specific effect of real acupuncture. Copyright 2002 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg  
  Address  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 54  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Tennis Elbow
  Disease Category Sprains and Strains OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 325  
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Author Fleckenstein, J.; Raab, C.; Gleditsch, J.; Ostertag, P.; Rasp, G.; Stor, W.; Irnich, D. url  openurl
  Title Impact of acupuncture on vasomotor rhinitis: a randomized placebo-controlled pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2009 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Altern Complement Med  
  Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages 391-398  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Rhinitis, Vasomotor; Verum Acupoint Control; Rhinitis;  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinitis without an allergic or infectious etiology (vasomotor rhinitis) is a common disease for which there are only few and not very effective therapeutic treatment options. The current placebo-controlled, partially double-blinded pilot study evaluated the effects of acupuncture on the symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis. DESIGN: A total of 24 patients with confirmed diagnosis of vasomotor rhinitis were randomly allocated to either acupuncture or sham laser acupuncture treatment. The sham laser was a deactivated laser pen beaming normal red light. The main outcome measure was the alteration of the nasal sickness score (NSS; score(max) 27 points). Secondary outcome measures were the evaluation of a subjective symptoms score by patients' diaries and of their quality of life (SF-12 health survey). A credibility assessment regarding the respective treatment was performed. The study is registered as an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial, number NCT00682162. RESULTS: NSS of patients treated by acupuncture was significantly reduced from 9.3 +/- 3.89 to 4.1 +/- 3.20 points (p < 0.001), whereas NSS declined from 5.6 +/- 2.74 to 3.7 +/- 2.61 points after sham treatment (p < 0.05). Comparison between the groups revealed a significant change of NSS (Mann-Whitney, p < 0.01), an analysis that also considers the significant difference between the baseline values of both groups (p < 0.05). Secondary outcome measures did not show significant differences between both groups. The credibility assessment was comparable for both treatments. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study showed significant effects of acupuncture compared to a sham treatment in the NSS on symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis. These results may justify the performance of a large randomized trial to strengthen our understanding of the therapeutic value of acupuncture in the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis  
  Address Multidisciplinary Pain Centre, Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Munich, Germany  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 24  
  Time in Treatment 5 Weeks Condition Rhinitis, Vasomotor
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 329  
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Author Fogarty, S.; Harris, D.; Zaslawski, C.; McAinch, A. J.; Stojanovska, L. url  openurl
  Title Acupuncture as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of eating disorders: a randomised cross-over pilot study Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Complementary therapies in medicine Abbreviated Journal Complement Ther Med  
  Volume 18 Issue 6 Pages 233-240  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Pilot Study; Cross-Over Design; Eating Disorders; Anorexia Nervosa; Bulimia Nervosa; Mental Disorders; Acu + Usual Care Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection; Usual Care Control, Multimodality  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study examines the role of acupuncture as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of eating disorders in female patients. DESIGN: A randomised cross-over study was used in this study. The two treatments phases were the private multi-disciplinary outpatient eating disorder facility in Melbourne, Australia, only (referred to as their treatment as usual) and a continuation of their treatment as usual supplemented by acupuncture. PARTICIPANTS: Patients receiving treatment at a private multi-disciplinary outpatient eating disorder facility in Melbourne, Australia were asked to participate in the study. Nine consenting women (5 with Anorexia Nervosa, 4 with Bulimia Nervosa), aged (mean and SD) 23.7 (9.6) years, participated in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measure was the Eating Disorder Inventory-3. Secondary outcome measures were the Becks Depression Inventory-2, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Eating Disorder Quality of Life Scale. RESULTS: There was evidence that acupuncture improved the participants' Quality of Life as measured by the physical/cognitive and psychological components of the Eating Disorder Quality of Life scale. There was also evidence of decreases in anxiety (both State and Trait as measured by the State Trait Anxiety Intervention) and perfectionism (as measured by the Eating Disorder Inventory-3). CONCLUSION: This pilot study shows potential of the benefit of acupuncture as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of eating disorders particularly in the area of quality of life.  
  Address Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. sarah.fogarty@live.vu.edu.au  
  Publisher (up)
  Language Number of Treatments 10  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency <1/WK Number of Participants 9  
  Time in Treatment 13 Weeks Condition Eating Disorders
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 330  
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