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Author Lin, M. L.; Lin, M. H.; Fen, J. J.; Lin, W. T.; Lin, C. W.; Chen, P. Q. url  openurl
  Title (up) A comparison between pulsed radiofrequency and electro-acupuncture for relieving pain in patients with chronic low back pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2010 Publication Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Electrother Res  
  Volume 35 Issue 3-4 Pages 133-146  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Pain; Back Pain; Low Back Pain, Chronic; Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acu Versus Usual Care; Acu Versus CAM Control; Electroacupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; CAM Control; Pulsed Radiofrequency  
  Abstract Many treatment options for chronic low back pain are available, including varied forms of electric stimulation. But little is known about the electricity effect between electro-acupuncture and pulsed radiofrequency. The objective of this study is to assess the difference in effectiveness of pain relief between pulsed radiofrequency and electro-acupuncture. Visual analog score (VAS) pain score, the Oswestry disability index (ODI) to measure a patient's permanent functional disability, and Short form 36 (SF-36) which is a survey used in health assessment to determine the cost-effectiveness of a health treatment, were used as rating systems to measure the pain relief and functional improvement effect of pulsed radiofrequency and electro-acupuncture, based on the methodological quality of the randomized controlled trials, the relevance between the study groups, and the consistency of the outcome evaluation. First, the baseline status before therapy shows no age and gender influence in the SF-36 and VAS score but it is significant in the ODI questionnaire. From ANOVA analyses, it is apparent that radiofrequency therapy is a significant improvement over electro-acupuncture therapy after one month. But electro-acupuncture also showed functional improvement in the lumbar spine from the ODI. This study provides sufficient evidence of the superiority of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) therapy for low back pain relief compared with both electro-acupuncture (EA) therapy and the control group. But the functional improvement of the lumbar spine was proved under EA therapy only. Both therapies are related to electricity effects.  
  Address Institute of BioMedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan.  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 12  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 100  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Low Back Pain, Chronic
  Disease Category Back Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 717  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Wyon, Y.; Wijma, K.; Nedstrand, E.; Hammar, M. url  openurl
  Title (up) A comparison of acupuncture and oral estradiol treatment of vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Climacteric  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 153-164  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus > 1 Control; AcuTrials; Electroacupuncture; Hot Flashes; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; RCT; Relaxation Techniques; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Usual Care Control, Pharmaceutical; Usual Care Control, Physical; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Climacteric; Postmenopause  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of electro-acupuncture with oral estradiol and superficial needle insertion on hot flushes in postmenopausal women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five postmenopausal women with vasomotor symptoms were randomized to electro-acupuncture, superficial needle insertion or oral estradiol treatment during 12 weeks, with 6 months' follow-up. The number and severity of flushes were registered daily and the Kupperman index and a general estimate of climacteric symptoms were completed before, during and after therapy. RESULTS: In the electro-acupuncture group, the mean number of flushes/24 h decreased from 7.3 to 3.5 (ANOVA, p < 0.001). Eleven of the 15 women had at least a 50% decrease in number of flushes (with a mean decrease of 82%). Superficial needle insertion decreased the number of flushes/24 h from 8.1 to 3.8 (p < 0.001). In seven out of 13 women, the number of flushes decreased by at least 50% (mean decrease 83%). In the estrogen group, the number of flushes decreased from 8.4 to 0.8 (p < 0.001). The decrease in number of flushes persisted during the 24-week follow-up period in all treatment groups. The Kupperman index and the general climacteric symptom score decreased, and remained unchanged 24 weeks after treatment in all groups (p < 0.001). Electro-acupuncture decreased the number of flushes/24 h significantly over time, but not to the same extent as the estrogen treatment. No significant difference in effect was found between electro-acupuncture and the superficial needle insertion. CONCLUSION: We suggest that acupuncture is a viable alternative treatment of vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women and cannot recommend superficial needle insertion as an inactive control treatment  
  Address Faculty of Health Sciences, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 14  
  Treatment Follow-up 24 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 45  
  Time in Treatment 12 Weeks Condition Hot Flashes
  Disease Category Climacteric OCSI Score 68  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1337  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Haslam, R. url  openurl
  Title (up) A comparison of acupuncture with advice and exercises on the symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip--a randomised controlled trial Type of Study RCT
  Year 2001 Publication Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society Abbreviated Journal Acupunct Med  
  Volume 19 Issue 1 Pages 19-26  
  Keywords Acu Versus Usual Care; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Arthritis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Osteoarthritis; Osteoarthritis, Hip; Pain; Physical Therapy; RCT; Usual Care Control, Educational; Usual Care Control, Physical; TCM Acupuncture Style; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract Acupuncture is becoming a common technique within the physiotherapy profession as a treatment modality for pain relief; however, few randomised controlled trials have been undertaken to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture, particularly in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Therefore, a randomised trial to compare the effectiveness of acupuncture with advice and exercises on the symptomatic treatment of OA of the hip was carried out. Thirty-two patients awaiting a total hip arthroplasty were randomly allocated to either the experimental group, (A), to have six sessions of acupuncture each lasting up to 25 minutes, or the control group, (B), to be given advice and exercises for their hip over a six week period. Group A consisted of three men and 13 women, and group B consisted of four men and eight women. The average age in group A was 66 years and in group B it was 68 years. Patients were assessed for pain and functional ability, using a modified version of the WOMAC questionnaire, pre-treatment, immediately post-treatment and at eight weeks post-treatment. The pre-treatment WOMAC scores in the two groups were similar (p=0.85). There was a significant improvement in group A (decrease in WOMAC score) immediately post-treatment (p=0.002) and this was maintained at the eight-week follow-up (p=0.03). There were no significant changes in group B. When the changes in WOMAC scores were compared between groups, a significantly greater improvement was found between pre-treatment and immediately post-treatment in group A, compared with group B (p=0.02). The changes between pre-treatment and the eight-week follow-up also showed a significant improvement in group A compared with group B (p=0.03). In conclusion, this trial supports the hypothesis that acupuncture is more effective than advice and exercises in the symptomatic treatment of OA of the hip  
  Address Princess Margaret Hospital Swindon. haslamroisin@hotmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 8 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Osteoarthritis, Hip
  Disease Category Arthritis OCSI Score 72  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 438  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Stern, J.A.; Brown, M.; Ulett, G.A.; Sletten, I. openurl 
  Title (up) A comparison of hypnosis, acupuncture, morphine, valium, aspirin, and placebo in the management of experimentally induced pain Type of Study Journal Article
  Year 1977 Publication Ann N Y Acad Sci Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 296 Issue Pages 175-193  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition
  Disease Category New Articles to Enter OCSI Score  
  Notes Date of Input: 5/28/2015; Date Modified: 5/28/2015; Availability: --In File--; Priority: Normal; eng; Web: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=279244 Approved no  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1636  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Petrie, J. P.; Hazleman, B. L. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled study of acupuncture in neck pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 1986 Publication Abbreviated Journal Br J Rheumatol  
  Volume 25 Issue 3 Pages 271-275  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Neck Pain; Non Penetrating Sham, Electrical; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Sham TENS; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract Twenty-five out-patients with chronic neck pain participated in a prospective, randomized trial of acupuncture versus placebo transcutaneous nerve stimulation. A single-blind, non-cross-over design incorporated several outcome measures in an attempt to determine any particular facet of pain that responded to acupuncture. No significant difference between the two treatments was found either post-treatment or at follow-up. Whilst the small population studied limits the conclusions that may be drawn, these findings suggest that acupuncture may have no greater effect than that of a powerful placebo  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 1 Week Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 25  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Neck Pain
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 946  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sun, Y.; Chen, H. openurl 
  Title (up) A Controlled Study on Endometriosis Treated by Acupuncture with Shu-Mu point combination Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Abbreviated Journal EastWest  
  Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 50-52  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Endometriosis; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Shu-Mu Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Women's Health; Genital Diseases, Female;  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 60  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 90  
  Time in Treatment 1/1/1970 Condition Endometriosis
  Disease Category Genital Diseases, Female OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1128  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author He, Q.; Zhang, J.; Tang, Y. openurl 
  Title (up) A Controlled Study on Treatment of Mental Depression by Acupuncture plus TCM Medication Type of Study RCT
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of traditional Chinese medicine = Chung i tsa chih ying wen pan / sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Abbreviated Journal J Tradit Chin Med  
  Volume 27 Issue 3 Pages 166-169  
  Keywords CAM Control; Acu Versus CAM Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Depression; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Herbal Formula; Herbal Formula; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; TCM Acupuncture Style; Depressive Disorder; Mental Disorders  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 21  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 61  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Depressive Disorder
  Disease Category Mental Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 446  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jerner, B.; Skogh, M.; Vahlquist, A. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial of acupuncture in psoriasis: no convincing effect Type of Study RCT
  Year 1997 Publication Acta dermato-venereologica Abbreviated Journal Acta Derm Venereol  
  Volume 77 Issue 2 Pages 154-156  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Electroacupuncture; Penetrating Sham; Psoriasis; RCT; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Skin Diseases; TCM Acupuncture Style; Dermatology; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Dermatology  
  Abstract Several uncontrolled studies have suggested that acupuncture is an effective treatment for psoriasis. To test this hypothesis, 56 patients suffering from long-standing plaque psoriasis were randomized to receive either active treatment (electrostimulation by needles placed intramuscularly, plus ear-acupuncture) or placebo (sham, 'minimal acupuncture') twice weekly for 10 weeks. The severity of the skin lesions was scored (PASI) before, during, and 3 months after therapy. After 10 weeks of treatment the PASI mean value had decreased from 9.6 to 8.3 in the 'active' group and from 9.2 to 6.9 in the placebo group (p < 0.05 for both groups). These effects are less than the usual placebo effect of about 30%. There were no statistically significant differences between the outcomes in the two groups during or 3 months after therapy. The patient's own opinion about the results showed no preference for 'active' therapy. It was also clear from the answers that the blinded nature of the study had not been discovered by the patients. In conclusion, classical acupuncture is not superior to sham (placebo) 'minimal acupuncture' in the treatment of psoriasis  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 20  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 54  
  Time in Treatment 10 Weeks Condition Psoriasis
  Disease Category Skin Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 519  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Marks, N. J.; Emery, P.; Onisiphorou, C. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial of acupuncture in tinnitus Type of Study RCT
  Year 1984 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Laryngol Otol  
  Volume 98 Issue 11 Pages 1103-1109  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Auricular Acupuncture; Cross-Over Design; Electroacupuncture; Penetrating Sham; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tinnitus; Ear Diseases  
  Abstract The relationship of tinnitus to pain is examined and a theoretical case made out for the possible use of acupuncture in the treatment of tinnitus. A double-blind cross-over controlled trial is described. The use of Visual Analogue Scales (V.A.S.) is discussed in this context. 35 per cent of patients described some benefit from the active treatment only, although we were unable to demonstrate this objectively. Statistical analysis of the group as a whole revealed no significant differences between placebo and active acupuncture treatment  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 2  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 14  
  Time in Treatment 2 Weeks Condition Tinnitus
  Disease Category Ear Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 830  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Goddard, G.; Shen, Y.; Steele, B.; Springer, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A controlled trial of placebo versus real acupuncture Type of Study RCT
  Year 2005 Publication The Journal of Pain : Official Journal of the American Pain Society Abbreviated Journal J Pain  
  Volume 6 Issue 4 Pages 237-242  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Healthy Subjects; Anesthesia and Analgesia; Pain; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Verum Acupoint Control  
  Abstract We sought to determine whether a novel method of placebo acupuncture can be differentiated by subjects from real acupuncture treatment. A single-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial with an independent observer was performed. Forty-nine healthy subjects over the age of 18 years were randomly assigned to one of 2 experimental groups: 24 subjects received real acupuncture, and 25 subjects received placebo acupuncture. Placebo acupuncture was performed by administering a blunted acupuncture needle through a foam pad at the Large Intestine 4 acupoint. The blunted needle touched but did not penetrate the skin. Real acupuncture was performed by administering an acupuncture needle through a foam pad at the Large Intestine 4 acupoint. The needle pricked and penetrated the skin to a depth of 10 to 20 mm. A simple questionnaire followed, asking whether the subject believed they received real or placebo acupuncture. Twenty-two (88%) of the 25 subjects who received placebo acupuncture believed they received real acupuncture. Nineteen (79.2%) of the 24 subjects who received real acupuncture correctly determined they received real acupuncture. The Fisher exact test showed an insignificant difference between real and placebo acupuncture treatments (P = .463). Subjects were not able to differentiate between real or placebo acupuncture, thereby validating this novel method of administering placebo acupuncture as a good control for acupuncture-naive patients. PERSPECTIVE: The method of placebo acupuncture herein described is a valid control for acupuncture research involving acupuncture-naive patients.  
  Address Center for Orofacial Pain, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Goddard@itsa.ucsf.edu  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments 1  
  Treatment Follow-up NA Frequency NA Number of Participants 49  
  Time in Treatment 1 Day Condition Anesthesia and Analgesia
  Disease Category Healthy Subjects OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:15820911 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 1885  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Tashkin, D. P.; Kroening, R. J.; Bresler, D. E.; Simmons, M.; Coulson, A. H.; Kerschnar, H. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial of real and simulated acupuncture in the management of chronic asthma Type of Study RCT
  Year 1985 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Allergy Clin Immunol  
  Volume 76 Issue 6 Pages 855-864  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Asthma; Cross-Over Design; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture + Other; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style  
  Abstract In 25 patients with moderate to severe asthma, we compared the therapeutic effectiveness of classic Chinese acupuncture with that of “placebo” acupuncture administered in a randomly ordered, subject- and evaluator-blind, crossover fashion twice weekly for 4 weeks. Real and placebo acupuncture periods were each preceded and followed by 3- to 4-week periods during which no acupuncture was administered. Outcome variables consisted of the following: daily symptoms and medication use self-scored on patient diaries, spirometry and whole body plethysmography performed once weekly during the entire course of the study and repeated serially during 3 hours after real and placebo acupuncture treatment, patients' self-assessment of acute efficacy of acupuncture therapy, and physician's physical findings before and after acupuncture treatment. Two-way analysis of variance failed to reveal a significant effect of either form of acupuncture on symptoms, medication use, or lung function measurements. Similarly, no significant acute effect of acupuncture on lung function, self-ratings of efficacy, or physician's physical findings was found by covariance analysis or the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. When data during the entire course of the study were examined on an individual basis by analysis of variance with repeated measures, only two subjects demonstrated significantly favorable responses to real versus placebo acupuncture, but one subject demonstrated the reverse, suggesting that these responses were not specifically related to acupuncture therapy. Thus, our findings failed to demonstrate any short- or long-term benefit of acupuncture therapy in the management of moderate to severe asthma  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up 3 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 26  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Asthma
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1150  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Godfrey, C. M.; Morgan, P. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial of the theory of acupuncture in musculoskeletal pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 1978 Publication The Journal of rheumatology Abbreviated Journal J Rheumatol  
  Volume 5 Issue 2 Pages 121-124  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Analgesia; Ashi Acupuncture Style; Bursitis; Neck Pain; Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Low Back Pain; Non Specific Acupoint Control; Osteoarthritis; Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; Symptom Based Point Selection; TCM Acupuncture Style; Tennis Elbow; Myofascial Pain Syndromes  
  Abstract We carried out a randomized trail compraing acupuncture done in theoretically correct [appropriate] and incorrect [inappropirate] locations for chronic musculoskeletal pains in various sites. Throughout the trial, neither the patient, nor the assessor, nor the acupuncturist, knew if the site of the acupuncture was appropriate to the patient's symptoms according to acupuncture theory. Although 60% had reduced pain after three treatments, there was no significant difference between the treatments. Our findings, while not disproving the value of acupuncture, do not support the theory that certain specific points must be needled to relieve specific areas of pain  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 5  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants 193  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 385  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Vincent, C. A. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial of the treatment of migraine by acupuncture Type of Study RCT
  Year 1989 Publication The Clinical journal of pain Abbreviated Journal Clin J Pain  
  Volume 5 Issue 4 Pages 305-312  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Headache Disorders; Migraine; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Pain; RCT; Penetrating Sham; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Symptom Based Point Selection; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only  
  Abstract A randomised controlled trial comparing true and sham acupuncture was conducted on 30 patients suffering from chronic migraine. Diary measures of headache and medication intake were recorded throughout the study, and measures of headache quality, anxiety, and pain behaviour were taken. The credibility of the true and sham treatment procedures was also assessed. True acupuncture was significantly more effective than the control procedure in reducing the pain of migraine headache. Posttreatment reductions in pain scores and medication of 43 and 38%, respectively, were recorded in the true acupuncture group and were maintained at 4-month and 1-year follow-up  
  Address Department of Psychology, University College London, England  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 6  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 32  
  Time in Treatment 6 Weeks Condition Migraine
  Disease Category Headache Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1221  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Zhu, X. M.; Polus, B. url  openurl
  Title (up) A controlled trial on acupuncture for chronic neck pain Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication The American journal of Chinese medicine Abbreviated Journal Am J Chin Med  
  Volume 30 Issue 1 Pages 13-28  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Cross-Over Design; Electroacupuncture; Penetrating Sham; Near Verum Acupoint Control; Neck Pain; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Semi-Individualized Acupuncture Protocol; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Sham TENS; TCM Acupuncture Style; Traditional Diagnosis Based Point Selection  
  Abstract To evaluate the efficacy of Chinese medicine (CM) acupuncture for chronic neck pain (CNP), a single blind, controlled, crossover, clinical trial was undertaken. Twenty-nine volunteers with CNP were randomly recruited into two groups. Both groups received two phases of treatment with a washout period between the two phases. Group A (14 volunteers) received CM acupuncture in the first phase and sham acupuncture in the second, while Group B (15 volunteers) received sham in the first and real in the second. CM acupuncture was individualized and consisted of nine sessions on both local and distal points. Manual twisting of the needle was applied on all points plus strong electrical stimulation of distal points in CM acupuncture. Sham acupoints (lateral to the real) and sham (weak) electrical stimulation was used in the control group. Comparison of subjective and objective measures between the two groups was made at different periods, including baseline, after each phase of treatment, after washout, and after the 16th week follow-up. The subjective measures included pain intensity, duration per day, analgesic medication count, visual analogue scales (VAS) and neck disability index (NDI). The objective measures consisted of neck range of motion (ROM) and pain threshold (PT). Both the real and sham treatments significantly reduced subjective pain, without significant differences between groups for most subjective measures. Objective measures showed no significant change for either group before and after each period or by inter-groups analysis. A minimum 16-week effect of both real and sham acupuncture was found for subjective measures in the follow-up periods. Further study is recommended with an increased sample size, a longer washout period, and a longer baseline period  
  Address Betta Health Medical Center, Chinese Medicine Unite, Chadstone, Vic, Australia. annzhu29@hotmail.com  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 9  
  Treatment Follow-up 20 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 29  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Neck Pain
  Disease Category Neck Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1489  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dommerholt, J.; Hooks, T.; Finnegan, M.; Grieve, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Abbreviated Journal J Bodyw Mov Ther  
  Volume 20 Issue 2 Pages 397-408  
  Keywords AcuTrials; Systematic Review; Pain; Myofascial Pain Syndromes; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Acupuncture; Dry needling  
  Abstract The worldwide interest in myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and trigger points (TrPs) is reflected in the increasing number of publications. In this overview of the literature, we included 26 studies, case reports and review articles by authors from 18 different countries. Several research groups are exploring the characteristic of TrPs such as Chen and colleagues, who continued their work on the quantification of the taut bands. Meng and colleagues studied the relationships between TrPs and central sensitization, while Yu and colleagues examined the electrophysiological characteristics that occur as a result of active TrPs. Several researchers used objective measurements to determine clinical outcomes, such as Koppenhaver and colleagues who measured objective changes in the function and nociceptive sensitivity of lumbar multifidus muscle subjects with low back pain. Turo and colleagues quantified muscle tissue changes after dry needling in chronic myofascial pain using elastography. Multiple studies explored various treatment options for TrPs, such as dry needling, injections with lidocaine or granisetron, traditional Thai massage, self-myofascial release, kinesiotaping, and monochromatic infrared photo energy, among others.  
  Address Department of Allied Health Professions, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Blackberry Hill, Bristol, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Rob.Grieve@uwe.ac.uk  
  Publisher
  Language English Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Myofascial Pain Syndromes
  Disease Category Pain OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:27210859 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2057  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ng, D. K.; Chow, P. Y.; Ming, S. P.; Hong, S. H.; Lau, S.; Tse, D.; Kwong, W. K.; Wong, M. F.; Wong, W. H.; Fu, Y. M.; Kwok, K. L.; Li, H.; Ho, J. C. url  openurl
  Title (up) A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of acupuncture for the treatment of childhood persistent allergic rhinitis Type of Study RCT
  Year 2004 Publication Abbreviated Journal Pediatr  
  Volume 114 Issue 5 Pages 1242-1247  
  Keywords Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Allergies; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; Pediatrics; RCT; Respiratory Tract Diseases; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Superficial Needling Depth; Sham Control; TCM Acupuncture Style; Verum Acupoint Control; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare active acupuncture with sham acupuncture for the treatment of persistent allergic rhinitis among children. METHODS: Subjects with persistent allergic rhinitis were recruited from the pediatric outpatient clinic. They were randomized to receive either active acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Main outcome measures included daily rhinitis scores, symptom-free days, visual analog scale scores for immediate effects of acupuncture, daily relief medication scores, blood eosinophil counts, serum IgE levels, nasal eosinophil counts, patients' and parents' preferences for treatment modalities, and adverse effects. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were recruited from the pediatric outpatient clinic at Kwong Wah Hospital, in Hong Kong. Thirteen patients withdrew before randomization; 35 patients (mean age: 11.7 +/- 3.2 years) were randomized to receive active acupuncture for 8 weeks, and 37 patients (mean age: 11 +/- 3.8 years) were randomized to receive sham acupuncture for 8 weeks. Acupuncture was performed twice per week for both groups. Both the assessing pediatricians and the patients were blinded. There were significantly lower daily rhinitis scores and more symptom-free days for the group receiving active acupuncture, during both the treatment and follow-up periods. The visual analog scale scores for immediate improvement after acupuncture were also significantly better for the active acupuncture group. There was no significant difference in the following outcome measures between the active and sham acupuncture groups: daily relief medication scores, blood eosinophil counts, serum IgE levels, and nasal eosinophil counts, except for the IgE levels before and 2 months after acupuncture in the sham acupuncture group. No severe adverse effects were encountered. Numbness, headache, and dizziness were found in both the active and sham acupuncture groups, with no difference in incidence, and the effects were self-limiting. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that active acupuncture was more effective than sham acupuncture in decreasing the symptom scores for persistent allergic rhinitis and increasing the symptom-free days. No serious adverse effect was identified. A large-scale study is required to confirm the safety of acupuncture for children  
  Address Department of Paediatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, 25 Waterloo Rd, Kowloon, SAR, Hong Kong. dkkng@ha.org.hk  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 16  
  Treatment Follow-up 12 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 72  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
  Disease Category Respiratory Tract Diseases OCSI Score 75  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 909  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bao, T.; Cai, L.; Giles, J. T.; Gould, J.; Tarpinian, K.; Betts, K.; Medeiros, M.; Jeter, S.; Tait, N.; Chumsri, S.; Armstrong, D. K.; Tan, M.; Folkerd, E.; Dowsett, M.; Singh, H.; Tkaczuk, K.; Stearns, V. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A dual-center randomized controlled double blind trial assessing the effect of acupuncture in reducing musculoskeletal symptoms in breast cancer patients taking aromatase inhibitors Type of Study RCT
  Year 2013 Publication Breast cancer research and treatment Abbreviated Journal Breast Cancer Res Treat  
  Volume 138 Issue 1 Pages 167-174  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Neoplasms; Breast Neoplasms; Pain; Acu Versus Sham; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Control; Non Penetrating Sham, Mechanical; Sham Acupoint Control; Cancer  
  Abstract Up to 50 % of women receiving aromatase inhibitor (AI) complain of AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) and 15 % discontinue treatment. We conducted a randomized, sham-controlled trial to evaluate whether acupuncture improves AIMSS and to explore potential mechanisms. Postmenopausal women with early stage breast cancer, experiencing AIMSS were randomized to eight weekly real or sham acupuncture sessions. We evaluated changes in the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and pain visual analog scale (VAS) following the intervention compared to baseline. Serum estradiol, beta-endorphin, and proinflammatory cytokine concentrations were measured pre and post-intervention. We enrolled 51 women of whom 47 were evaluable, including 23 randomized to real and 24 to sham acupuncture. Baseline characteristics were balanced between groups with the exception of a higher HAQ-DI score in the real acupuncture group (p = 0.047). We did not observe a statistically significant difference in reduction of HAQ-DI (p = 0.30) or VAS (p = 0.31) between the two groups. Following eight weekly treatments, we observed a statistically significant reduction of IL-17 (p &lt;/= 0.009) in both groups. No significant modulation was seen in estradiol, beta-endorphin, or other proinflammatory cytokine concentrations in either group. We did not observe a significant difference in AIMSS changes between real and sham acupuncture. As sham acupuncture used in this study may not be equivalent to placebo, further studies with a non-acupuncture arm may be required to establish whether acupuncture is beneficial for the treatment of AIMSS.  
  Address University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD 20201, USA. tbao@umm.edu  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 8  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 57  
  Time in Treatment 8 Weeks Condition Pain
  Disease Category Neoplasms OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 59  
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Author Bullock, M. L.; Kiresuk, T. J.; Sherman, R. E.; Lenz, S. K.; Culliton, P. D.; Boucher, T. A.; Nolan, C. J. url  openurl
  Title (up) A large randomized placebo controlled study of auricular acupuncture for alcohol dependence Type of Study RCT
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Subst Abuse Treat  
  Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 71-77  
  Keywords Acu Versus > 1 Control; Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Alcoholism; Auricular Acupuncture; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Penetrating Sham; NADA Protocol Acupuncture Style; Near Verum Acupoint Control; No Treatment Control; RCT; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Sham Acupoint Control; Sham Control; Standard Needling Depth; TCM Acupuncture Style; Substance-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract We report clinical data on the efficacy of acupuncture for alcohol dependence. 503 patients whose primary substance of abuse was alcohol participated in this randomized, single blind, placebo controlled trial. Patients were assigned to either specific acupuncture, nonspecific acupuncture, symptom based acupuncture or convention treatment alone. Alcohol use was assessed, along with depression, anxiety, functional status, and preference for therapy. This article will focus on results pertaining to alcohol use. Significant improvement was shown on nearly all measures. There were few differences associated with treatment assignment and there were no treatment differences on alcohol use measures, although 49% of subjects reported acupuncture reduced their desire for alcohol. The placebo and preference for treatment measures did not materially effect the results. Generally, acupuncture was not found to make a significant contribution over and above that achieved by conventional treatment alone in reduction of alcohol use  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments 18  
  Treatment Follow-up 52 Weeks Frequency >1/WK Number of Participants 503  
  Time in Treatment 3 Weeks Condition Alcohol-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score 70  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 99  
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Author Liu, T. T.; Shi, J.; Epstein, D. H.; Bao, Y. P.; Lu, L. url  openurl
  Title (up) A Meta-Analysis of Acupuncture Combined with Opioid Receptor Agonists for Treatment of Opiate-Withdrawal Symptoms Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 2008 Publication Abbreviated Journal Cell Mol Neurobiol  
  Volume Issue Pages -  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Detoxification; Heroin Dependence; Meta-Analysis; Systematic Review; Opioid-Related Disorders; Substance-Related Disorders; Drug Addiction; Substance Abuse;  
  Abstract This review extends a prior meta-analysis of acupuncture's utility for treating opioid detoxification, addressing the efficacy of acupuncture when combined with allopathic therapies. Both English and Chinese databases were searched for randomized trials comparing acupuncture combined with opioid agonist treatment versus opioid agonists alone for treating symptoms of opioid withdrawal. The methodological quality of each study was assessed with Jadad's scale (1-2 = low; 3-5 = high). Meta-analysis was performed with fixed- or random-effect models in RevMan software; the outcome measures assessed were withdrawal-symptoms score, relapse rate, side effects, and medication dosage. Withdrawal-symptom scores were lower in combined treatment trials than in agonist-alone trials on withdrawal days 1, 7, 9, and 10. Combined treatment also produced lower reported rates of side effects and appeared to lower the required dose of opioid agonist. There was no significant difference on relapse rate after 6 months. This meta-analysis suggests that acupuncture combined with opioid agonists can effectively be used to manage the withdrawal symptoms. One limitation of this meta-analysis is the poor quality of the methodology of some included trials. High-quality studies are needed to confirm findings regarding the side effects and medication dosage  
  Address National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University, 38, Xue Yuan Road, Hai Dian District, Beijing, 100083, China  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment Condition Opioid-Related Disorders
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 756  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author White, A. R. openurl 
  Title (up) A meta-analysis of acupuncture techniques for smoking cessation Type of Study Systematic Review
  Year 1999 Publication Abbreviated Journal Tob Control  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 393-397  
  Keywords Acupuncture; AcuTrials; Meta-Analysis; Smoking Cessation; Substance Abuse; Systematic Review; Substance-Related Disorders; Tobacco Use Disorder; Drug Addiction  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for smoking cessation and to examine whether any individual aspect of trials is associated with an effect. DATA SOURCES: All randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for smoking cessation that were listed in computerized databases or reference lists of relevant articles. STUDY SELECTION: All randomized single-blind studies that compared acupuncture with sham acupuncture. DATA EXTRACTION: Methodological data were extracted for quality assessment. Outcome data were extracted for rates of total smoking cessation and three intervals; early after treatment and after six and 12 months follow up. DATA SYNTHESIS: Results were expressed as odds ratios of success over failure in intervention over control groups. The combined odds ratio for all studies was calculated. Repeated meta-analyses were subsequently performed on subsets of studies combined according to defined characteristics: acupuncture technique, number of attendances, country of origin, status of journal, and control procedure. The overall quality of studies was poor. The combined odds ratio for smoking cessation calculated for the earliest results after the end of treatment was 1.20 (95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) = 0.98 to 1.48). The combined odds ratio for smoking cessation after six months was 1.29 (95% CI = 0.82 to 2.01), and after 12 months was 1.03 (95% CI =0.73 to 1.46). There were no significant effects of relevance among subsets of studies grouped according to defined characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture was not superior to sham acupuncture for smoking cessation; no particular aspect of acupuncture technique was associated with a positive effect. The conclusions are limited by methodological inadequacies of studies and by the absence of testable hypotheses; deign of future trials should avoid these deficiencies.  
  Address  
  Publisher
  Language Number of Treatments  
  Treatment Follow-up N/A Frequency N/A Number of Participants  
  Time in Treatment N/A Condition Tobacco Use Disorder
  Disease Category Substance-Related Disorders OCSI Score  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 1289  
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