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Author Grillo, C.M.; Canales, G.D. la T.; Wada, R.S.; Alves, M.C.; Barbosa, C.M.R.; Berzin, F.; de Sousa, M. da L.R. url  doi
  Title Could Acupuncture Be Useful in the Treatment of Temporomandibular Dysfunction? Type of Study RCT
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies Abbreviated Journal J Acupunct Meridian Stud  
  Volume 8 Issue 4 Pages 192-199  
  Keywords AcuTrials; RCT; Stomatognathic Diseases; Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome; Musculoskeletal Diseases; TMD; TMJ; Facial Pain; Orofacial Pain; Masticatory Muscles; Yang Liver Ascension; Acupuncture; TCM Acupuncture Style; Acu Versus Usual Care; Occlusal Plane Appliance; Fixed Acupuncture Protocol; Restricted Modalities, Acupuncture Only; Usual Care Control, Physical  
  Abstract In this study, the effects of acupuncture in comparison with flat occlusal plane appliance were evaluated in patient with myogenic temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). The sample consisted of 40 women with TMD and unbalanced energy predominance of Yang Liver Ascension, selected using the Renying and Cunkou pulses, randomly divided into two groups: acupuncture and splint. The effect of treatments on the masseter and anterior temporal muscles was evaluated after 4 weeks of treatment, by means of electromyographic activity (root mean square) and pain pressure threshold. Pain intensity was measured using the visual analog scale, and range of mouth opening was evaluated using a millimeter ruler. All evaluations were performed at the beginning and end of the treatment. Visual analog scale score was reduced equally in the two groups (p < 0001), and the increase in range of mouth opening was significant in both groups. A significant difference was detected only in pain pressure threshold of the left masseter in the acupuncture group (p < 0.05). Only root mean square in the at rest position of the right temporal muscle diminished in the final stage of the splint group (p < 0.05). Both treatments reduced the pain intensity of myogenic TMD in the short term and may be considered strategies for control of chronic pain related to TMD.  
  Address Department Community Dentistry, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil  
  Language English Number of Treatments 4  
  Treatment Follow-up Frequency 1/WK Number of Participants 40  
  Time in Treatment 4 Weeks Condition Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
  Disease Category Stomatognathic Diseases OCSI Score  
  Notes PMID:26276455 Approved yes  
  Call Number OCOM @ refbase @ Serial 2027  
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